St. James, Missouri

St. James is a city in Phelps County, Missouri, United States. The population was 4,216 at the 2010 census.

St. James, Missouri
Business District of St. James in 2014
Business District of St. James in 2014
Nickname(s): 
STJ, Forest City of The Ozarks
Location of St. James, Missouri
Location of St. James, Missouri
Coordinates: 37°59′56″N 91°36′59″W / 37.99889°N 91.61639°W / 37.99889; -91.61639Coordinates: 37°59′56″N 91°36′59″W / 37.99889°N 91.61639°W / 37.99889; -91.61639
CountryUnited States
StateMissouri
CountyPhelps
Area
 • Total4.28 sq mi (11.09 km2)
 • Land4.28 sq mi (11.07 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.02 km2)
Elevation
1,093 ft (333 m)
Population
 • Total4,216
 • Estimate 
(2019)[3]
4,034
 • Density943.63/sq mi (364.38/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
FIPS code29-64424[4]
GNIS feature ID0729639[5]
Websitestjamesmissouri.org

HistoryEdit

The settlement was originally known as Big Prairie because of its location on the natural prairie of that name in the area. In 1859, when a man by the name of John Wood anticipated the extension of the St. Louis-San Francisco Railway, the settlement became known for a short time as Scioto, named after the town of Scioto, Ohio, where many of the town's early settlers originated. In 1860, the town was named St. James to honor Thomas James, who came from Ohio and created the Meramec Iron Works.[6] The town was intended as a shipping point for the Meramec Iron Works, which had been shipping its products by wagon train.[7] [8]

St. James was the part-time home of Lucy Wortham James, a wealthy philanthropist who had a love for the area. She was a descendant of Thomas James, a Chillicothe banker who founded the Maramec Iron Works.[9] The James Foundation, a charitable organization she founded, was responsible for the St. James City Park and the James Memorial Library, as well as Maramec Spring Park. The City of St. James now owns both the park and the public library.

Mayme Ousley, the first woman elected mayor of a town in Missouri, was first elected mayor of St. James in 1921.[10] The city hall was named after her in 2013.[11]

The Maramec Iron Works District, St. James Chapel, and Verkamp Shelter are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[12]

GeographyEdit

St. James is located in the foothills of the Ozark Mountains at 37°59′56″N 91°36′59″W / 37.99889°N 91.61639°W / 37.99889; -91.61639 (37.998848, −91.616386).[13] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.29 square miles (11.11 km2), of which 4.28 square miles (11.09 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.[14]

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880392
189046719.1%
190057523.1%
19101,10091.3%
19201,1171.5%
19301,29415.8%
19401,81240.0%
19501,99610.2%
19602,38419.4%
19702,92922.9%
19803,32813.6%
19903,256−2.2%
20003,70413.8%
20104,21613.8%
2019 (est.)4,034[3]−4.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[15]
 
Water tower in St. James

2010 censusEdit

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 4,216 people, 1,632 households, and 1,029 families residing in the city. The population density was 985.0 inhabitants per square mile (380.3/km2). There were 1,767 housing units at an average density of 412.9 per square mile (159.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.11% White, 0.95% Black or African American, 0.66% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.38% from other races, and 1.61% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.57% of the population.

There were 1,632 households, of which 35.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.4% were married couples living together, 18.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.9% were non-families. 31.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.94.

The median age in the city was 37 years. 27.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.5% were from 25 to 44; 22.3% were from 45 to 64, and 18.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.2% male and 50.8% female.

EconomyEdit

Tacony Corporation manufactures Simplicity and Riccar vacuum cleaners in St. James.

EducationEdit

Public education in St. James is administered by St. James R-I School District.[16]

St. James has a public library, the James Memorial Library.[17]

Arts and cultureEdit

St. James is home to several award-winning wineries,[18] including St. James Winery. It is also home to Maramec Spring Park.[19]

The Maramec Spring Park contains the fifth largest spring in the state. An average of 100 million gallons of water flows from the Spring daily. Maramec Spring Park contains 1,860 acres of forest and fields. The 200-acre public use area of the park provides many amenities and activities for visitors such as a cafe, store, camping, wildlife viewing, fish feeding, picnicking, shelters, playgrounds and fishing. The Meramec River, a clear calm Ozark stream, flows through the park providing excellent fishing.

The park is open year-round to the public. A daily entry fee is required to enter the park from mid-February through October. Annual passes may be purchased at the park.

Maramec Spring Park is privately owned and operated by The James Foundation.

MediaEdit

The St. James Leader-Journal was the Voice of St. James since 1896 and was in continual operation for a longer period of time than any other business in the St. James City Limits, until it was closed on July 13, 2016. The St. James Leader-Journal was bought from Gatehouse Media by the Brad, Tom, & Lind lawfirm on January 19, 2021. The weekly newspaper was owned by GateHouse Media. The Leader-Journal was a sister paper of The Rolla Daily News and the Waynesville Daily Guide. The Waynesville Daily Guide was also closed by Gatehouse in September of 2018.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ "Phelps County Place Names, 1928–1945". The State Historical Society of Missouri. Archived from the original on June 24, 2016. Retrieved December 5, 2016.
  7. ^ The stories behind the naming of cities, by Ed O'Neill (Rolla Daily News; July 29, 2015)
  8. ^ St. James, Missouri – Forest City of the Ozarks (Legends of America)
  9. ^ Mrs. Lucy Wortham James; Great-granddaughter of the founder of Maramec Iron Works (The James Foundation)
  10. ^ "Information Sheet: Mayme Ousley Papers" (PDF). umsystem.edu. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
  11. ^ Jim Brock. "St. James City Hall named after first female mayor". The Rolla Daily News. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
  12. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  13. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  14. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-07-08.
  15. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  16. ^ "Homepage". St. James R-I School District. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  17. ^ "Missouri Public Libraries". PublicLibraries.com. Archived from the original on 10 June 2017. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  18. ^ "Missouri Wineries MO". weekendwinery.com. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
  19. ^ "Maramec Spring Park". missouritrout.com. Retrieved 13 September 2015.

External linksEdit