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Sriram Sagar Project

The Sri Rama Sagar Project (Telugu: శ్రీరాంసాగర్ ప్రాజెక్టు), also known as the Pochampadu Project is an Indian flood-flow project on the Godavari. The Project is located in Nizamabad district, 3 km away from National Highway 44. It has been described by The Hindu as a "lifeline for a large part of Telangana".[2]

Sri Rama Sagar Project
Sri Ram Sagar Project (Pochampahad).jpg
Sri Ram Sagar Dam (Pochampadu Dam)
Sriram Sagar Project is located in Telangana
Sriram Sagar Project
Location of Sri Rama Sagar Project in Telangana
Sriram Sagar Project is located in India
Sriram Sagar Project
Sriram Sagar Project (India)
LocationNizamabad, Telangana, India
Coordinates18°58′03″N 78°20′35″E / 18.96750°N 78.34306°E / 18.96750; 78.34306Coordinates: 18°58′03″N 78°20′35″E / 18.96750°N 78.34306°E / 18.96750; 78.34306
Construction began1963
Opening date1977
Dam and spillways
ImpoundsGodavari River
Height43 metres (141 ft) from river level
Length15,600 metres (51,181 ft)
Reservoir
Total capacity3,172,000,000 m3 (2,571,582 acre⋅ft)
Active capacity2,322,000,000 m3 (1,882,476 acre⋅ft)[1]
Surface area451 km2 (174 sq mi)

Sriramsagar is an irrigation project across river Godavari in Telangana to serve irrigational needs in Karimnagar, Warangal, Adilabad, Nalgonda, and Khammam districts. It also provides drinking water to Warangal city. There is a hydroelectric plant working at the dam site, with 4 turbines each with 9 MW capacity generating 36 MW.

HistoryEdit

Irrigation in drought prone Telangana State has existed for a few hundred years in small areas served by locally constructed village tanks. from 1942 to 1951, the erst while Government of Hyderabad submitted a scheme to Government of India, Planning Commission with a dam Proposal at Pochampadu village on river Godavari and Dams on its tributaries namely the Kaddam and Manair Rivers. The Pochampadu site was located 54.50 km below the entry point of Godavari River into AP Territory ( now Telangana). The Project was further revised in the year 1958. The foundation was laid on 26 July 1963 by the late Jawaharlal Nehru, first Prime Minister of India.The Pochampadu Project was cleared by the planning commission and Central Water Commission , vide Lr. No. NPII-2(13)/1964, I&P Dt: 07.08.1964 for the construction of reservoir across Godavari River, Pochampadu Village Adilabad. which is about 5km upstream of Soan Bridge on Hyderabad- Nagpur National highway No 7 to irrigate 5.7 Lakh Acres upto Manair valley under right bank canal named as Kakatiya Canal.The Administrative sanction for the Pochamopadu was accorded by the Government of Andhra Pradesh vide G.O. Ms. No 361 ( PWD Irrigation Project wing) Dt 27.11.1964 for Rs, 40.10 Crores with SSR 1963-64. Water was first released in July 1970 & in July 1973 into Kaaktiya Main Canal upto 36kms & 68 Kms creating an Irrigation potential of 25000 acres and 58000 acres respectively. The Pochampadu project was renamed as Sriramasagar Project, vide G.O.Ms. No. 355 Irrigation & Power ( Projects wing) Dept., Dt 20.11.1978. The Reservoir was first filled to its fillcapacity i.e. (+)1091ft in the year 1983

The projectEdit

Sriram Sagar Reservoir's capacity is 90 tmcft and it has 42 floodgates.[3] It also includes Kakatiya Canal covering 284 km, Laxmi Canal, Sarswati Canal, and Flood flow canal. Construction of this dam was started in 1957. Most of the catchment area upstream of this dam is located in Maharashtra.

This project is also locally known as Khustapuram dam. The Khustapuram project proposal was first mooted/investigated by erstwhile Hyderabad state under Nizam rule to utilize 227 tmcft of upper Godavari river water. This dam site is located in the Nizamabad district of Telangana State after the confluence of Manjira river with Godavari. Under stage I of this project nearly 1 million acres (400,000 ha) irrigation facility is created to utilize 140 tmc water. Stage II of this project is under advanced stage of construction to irrigate 440,000 acres (180,000 ha) using 25 tmc water. The flood flow canal project is also under implementation to irrigate 200,000 acres (81,000 ha) using 20 tmcft water available at Pochampadu dam site. The live storage capacity of SS dam is limited to 90 tmcft to reduce submergence area in Maharashtra up to FRL level 1,091 feet (333 m) above mean sea level as per the agreement between Maharashtra & Telangana.

Interstate disputeEdit

In the catchment area[4] of this dam, Maharashtra has constructed many medium and minor irrigation projects[5] in excess of its water use entitlements under Godavari Water Disputes Tribunal ( GWDT ).[6] In last nine years, the dependable water availability has reduced to 33% (i.e. adequate water is available once in three years) against the designed dependability of 75% under GWDT. This major irrigation project[7] has become many years unproductive / idle in the last decade. Due to complete utilization of river water in the upstream river basin area, the water quality in the reservoir has high alkalinity and salinity which is unsafe for human and cattle consumption. Also the ground water in the lower reaches of Pochampadu dam catchment area would gradually turn unsuitable for irrigation and human consumption.

Supreme court verdict (section 83 ii b) on Babli Project dispute stipulated that the gates of Babhali barrage remain lifted during the monsoon season, i.e., 1 July to 28 October and there is no obstruction to the natural flow of Godavari river during monsoon season below the three dams (Paithan, Siddheshwar & Nizamsagar dams) mentioned in Clause II (i) of the GWDT agreement dated 06.10.1975 towards Pochampad dam.[8] Thus Pochampadu reservoir is accorded first priority over any other reservoir (major, medium, minor, barrage, etc.) to receive the water generated from the Godavari basin area located below these three dams. As stipulated by Supreme court, central government has set up monitoring committee to implement / supervise the water sharing as per agreement dated 06.10.1975 and supreme court verdict.[9]

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "India: National Register of Large Dams 2012" (PDF). Central Water Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 August 2014. Retrieved 26 August 2014.
  2. ^ Maharashtra projects hit Sriram Sagar project inflows: BJP. The Hindu, 16 May 2005
  3. ^ "Sriram Sagar(Srsp)/ Pochampad Dam D00921". Retrieved 26 August 2015.
  4. ^ "Godavari river basin map" (PDF). Retrieved 22 September 2012.
  5. ^ "Dams & barrages location map in India". Retrieved 14 December 2012.
  6. ^ "Highest no. of small & medium projects, but lowest water stock in Marathwada region". Retrieved 20 June 2015.
  7. ^ "Godavari river water sharing accord". Scribd.com. 6 October 1975. Retrieved 22 September 2012.
  8. ^ "Supreme Court verdict on Babhali project dispute". February 2013. Retrieved 21 March 2013.
  9. ^ Kumar, U Anand (18 October 2013). "Centre sets up panel on Babli". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 22 July 2018.
 
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