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Springfield is a census-designated place (CDP) in northwestern Hampshire County in the U.S. state of West Virginia. As of the 2010 census, Springfield had a population of 477.[3] Springfield is located north of Romney along West Virginia Route 28 at its junction with Green Spring Road (West Virginia Secondary Route 1) and Springfield Pike (West Virginia Secondary Route 3). It is currently considering incorporation.

Springfield, West Virginia
Springfield United Methodist Church
Springfield United Methodist Church
Springfield, West Virginia is located in West Virginia
Springfield, West Virginia
Location of Springfield in West Virginia
Coordinates: 39°27′02″N 78°41′37″W / 39.45056°N 78.69361°W / 39.45056; -78.69361Coordinates: 39°27′02″N 78°41′37″W / 39.45056°N 78.69361°W / 39.45056; -78.69361
CountryUnited States
StateWest Virginia
 • Total1.341 sq mi (3.47 km2)
 • Land1.340 sq mi (3.47 km2)
 • Water0.001 sq mi (0.003 km2)
Elevation735 ft (224 m)
 • Total477
 • Density360/sq mi (140/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
Area code(s)304
GNIS feature ID1547219[2]



Established on December 16, 1790, at the "Cross Roads" of Hampshire County on the property of William and Samuel Abernethy by an act of the Virginia General Assembly,[4] Springfield was named in commemoration of the Battle of Springfield (1780).[5]

George Washington first visited the Springfield area in 1748 as a member of a party that surveyed the land holdings of Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron in the South Branch Potomac River Valley.

In June 1861, the town organized a company of men known as the "Potomac Guards" in support of the Confederacy. The company was under the command of Captain Philip T. Grace.[6]

On August 23, 1861, Springfield played host to an American Civil War skirmish between the Unionists and the Confederates.

Historic SitesEdit

Today, Springfield is the site of a number of historic private residences dating from the 18th and 19th Centuries.

  • 63 Springfield Pike (1860), Springfield Pike (CR 3)
  • Ridgedale (George W. Washington Farm), Washington Bottom Road (CR 28/3)
  • Frenchwood, Route 28 South and Market Street
    • The house is currently being restored. Captain John W. Shouse supposedly built the circa 1855 brick house.
  • Springfield United Methodist Church, Vine Street


  • Assembly of God
    • Community Bible Assembly of God Church, Poland Road (CR 28/2)
    • Springfield Assembly of God Church, WV Route 28
  • Methodist
    • Springfield United Methodist Church, Vine Street
  • Pentecostal
    • Emmanuel House of Prayer, WV Route 28
  • Presbyterian
    • Springfield Presbyterian Church, Market Street (WV Route 28)


63 Springfield Pike (1860)
  1. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Springfield, West Virginia. Retrieved on 2008-10-30.
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  4. ^ "'An act to establish several Towns,' Hening's Statutes at Large, Vol. XIII, Chapter XLV". Retrieved 2017-03-05.
  5. ^ Kenny, Hamill (1945). West Virginia Place Names: Their Origin and Meaning, Including the Nomenclature of the Streams and Mountains. Piedmont, WV: The Place Name Press. p. 596.
  6. ^ "Hampshire Trivia", Hampshire Review, pp. 1A, 2007-12-27

External linksEdit

  Media related to Springfield, West Virginia at Wikimedia Commons