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Spondon is a ward of the city of Derby. Originally a small village, Spondon dates back to the Domesday Book and it became heavily industrialised in the 19th and early 20th centuries, with companies such as British Celanese.

Spondon
St Werburgs Spondon.jpg
St Werburgh's Church
Spondon is located in Derbyshire
Spondon
Spondon
Location within Derbyshire
Area7.97 km2 (3.08 sq mi) [1]
Population12,377 (2011)[1]
• Density1,553/km2 (4,020/sq mi)
OS grid referenceSK403360
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townDERBY
Postcode districtDE21
PoliceDerbyshire
FireDerbyshire
AmbulanceEast Midlands
EU ParliamentEast Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Derbyshire
52°55′12″N 1°24′04″W / 52.92°N 1.401°W / 52.92; -1.401Coordinates: 52°55′12″N 1°24′04″W / 52.92°N 1.401°W / 52.92; -1.401
British Celanese Factory
Old School, Chapel Street
Spondon Village Hall
Spondon Library

HistoryEdit

The name Spondon is Anglo-Saxon and describes a gravelly hill. The village is mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086.[2] In about 1333,[3] a great fire, starting at The Malt Shovel, a local pub, and aided by an easterly wind, swept through the village destroying the church and all but a few houses, with just one casualty, the mayor. The damage was so great that a judge, Roger de Bankwell, was sent to hear pleas for relief from taxes.[3] The Great Fire of Spondon is still commemorated and taught as part of the curriculum in local schools. A village fair was held on its 650th anniversary (circa.1990).

Spondon became heavily industrialised in the 19th and early 20th centuries, with companies such as British Celanese (now Celanese Corporation. The large site is now closed, but it initially made cellulose acetate in World War I and later other artificial fibres.

GovernmentEdit

Spondon is part of the City of Derby and sits in the Mid Derbyshire constituency for Westminster elections.

GeographyEdit

The community lies on the north slope of the valley of the River Derwent east of Derby and is divided by the A52, which separates the residential Spondon village area at the top of the hill from the heavily industrialised area at the bottom.

DemographyEdit

At the census in 2011 Spondon had a population of 12,377 of which 94.6% were White British, compared to 75.3% for Derby as a whole.[1]

EconomyEdit

The industrial belt lies to the south of Nottingham Road/Derby Road (an old Roman road) as does the disused canal and the railway. These barriers separate the residential three-quarters of the village from its industrial quarter. The various industries have included a dye works, electricity generating station, two scrapyards, sewage works, British Celanese synthetic fibres works and a tannery.

Spondon holds a small number of chain shops but continues to support the business of many independent tradespeople too, including a men's barbers, a gift shop and a bakery. Chapel Street and Sitwell Street (in the centre) are the main areas of this retail activity. Dale Road (north-east) and Nottingham Road/Derby Road (south) also have a row of shops. Superstores (Asda off Derby Road (south-west) are also in Spondon.

Culture and communityEdit

There are many clubs/groups/societies serving Spondon. The Spondon Village Festival (Carnival) was first held in 2010 and it was hoped that it would become an annual event combining carnival and fair but this has fallen through. Spondon won the Urban Community award from Britain in Bloom in 2005.

Facilities – one library, two social clubs, six public houses (the names and numbers have not changed since 1961).

Parks – Brunswood (playground + playing field), Dale Road (field + landscaping), South Avenue Rec (playground + field), Gravel Pit Lane (playing field), Locko Park (country park), Spondon Woods (woods + scrub), Stoney Cross (woods + scrub), Willowcroft (playing field) .

Venues – Asterdale Club (formerly the Celanese Workers' Club) which is closed but the grounds house two football teams and an archery club, club grounds, village parks, village hall, old school hall.

LandmarksEdit

The historic centre of the village is designated as a conservation area. Locko Park is a Grade II*-listed mansion dating from 1669. The Homestead is a large detached Georgian mansion on Sitwell Street. The Stone Archways in Park Road mark the entrance to the now demolished Spondon House. The Enoch Stone Memorial marks the spot on Derby Road where a notorious murder took place in 1856[4] although this is in neighbouring Chaddesden.

TransportEdit

Derby Canal (Derby – Sandiacre) opened in 1795, and enabled other industries. The canal closed in 1964. The Derby & Sandiacre Canal Trust continue in their efforts to reinstate the canal. Borrowash Bottom Lock was repaired in 2018 and Sandiacre Lock has been dug out (Feb 2019). Other sections have been handed over to the Trust and are being cleared of vegetation.(2019) [5]

The Midland Counties Railway opened a line from Derby to Nottingham in 1839.[6] This line became part of the Midland Main Line to London St Pancras railway station. Spondon railway station has a rather limited service towards both Derby and Nottingham.

The A52, 'Borrowash by-pass' recently named Brian Clough Way, cuts through the village and provides express road (dual-carriageway) links to the west (Derby) and the east (M1 and Nottingham). Regional Cycle Route 66 links Spondon to Chaddesden and Alvaston.

EducationEdit

There are five state schools located in the village. Primary Schools – Asterdale (south-east), Borrowood (north-east), St. Werburgh's C of E and Springfield.

Secondary Schools – West Park School.

West Park School represents the merger of the former Spondon School (seniors) (State Comprehensive) which was located on two adjoining sites. These sites being the 'upper school' (1960s, grey brick, concrete and glass) at the top of the hillside, the current site, and the 'lower school' (1970s, grey brick, brown tile, timber and glass) at the foot of the hillside, which burned down. The new name comes from the two roads which lead to it.

Religious sitesEdit

St. Werburgh's Church dates from around 1390, replacing an earlier church destroyed by fire in 1340.[7] In the churchyard is an Anglo-Saxon cross dating from c.870.

As well as St Werburgh’s, there is the Spondon Methodist Church built in 1934 before the existence of the A52.[8]

SportEdit

Spondon Cricket Club,[9] Spondon Dynamos Football Club,[10] Bowls club, Archery club (Anchor Bowmen)[11] and Snooker club.

Notable peopleEdit

Born in Spondon –

Links to Spondon –

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Spondon Profile 2011/12" (PDF). Derby council. p. 17.
  2. ^ Domesday Book: A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 2003. ISBN 0-14-143994-7 p.748
  3. ^ a b Roger de Bankwell at Dictionary of National Biography now in the public domain
  4. ^ http://www.spondononline.co.uk/murder-enoch-stone
  5. ^ Derby Canal
  6. ^ Midland Counties Railway
  7. ^ St Werburghs church site
  8. ^ [1]
  9. ^ "Home". spondoncricketclub.co.uk. Retrieved 11 July 2017.
  10. ^ "Spondon Dynamos (Prims) FC". spondondynamosfc.co.uk. Retrieved 11 July 2017.
  11. ^ Club, Anchor Bowmen Archery. "Anchor Bowmen Archery Club, Derby". anchorbowmen.co.uk. Retrieved 11 July 2017.
  12. ^ Constantine, Murray (11 August 2016). Swastika Night. Orion. ISBN 978-1-4732-1467-5.
  13. ^ "Rowena Cade – Creator of the Minack Theater". Cornwall Guide. 7 January 2013. Retrieved 26 June 2017.
  14. ^ Peppiatt, M. & Priseman, R. (2011). The Francis Bacon Interiors. Seabrook Press. ISBN 978-0956208224.
  15. ^ Priseman, R.; et al. (2009). No Human Way To Kill. Seabrook Press. ISBN 978-0956208248.
  16. ^ "Spondon, Derby". Derbyshire Life. Retrieved 24 January 2012.
  17. ^ "Derby County: Local lad Ben Osborn upsets Rams mates with late winner for Nottingham Forest". The Derby Telegraph. 18 January 2015. Retrieved 4 September 2016.

External linksEdit