Spencer, Iowa

Spencer is a city in the state of Iowa, United States, and the county seat of Clay County.[4] It is located at the confluence of the Little Sioux and Ocheyedan rivers. The population was 11,233 in the 2010 census, a decline from 11,317 in 2000.[5][6] Spencer has a notable Clay County Fair, held annually in September, which averages more than 300,000 visitors each year.

Spencer, Iowa
Location of Spencer, Iowa
Location of Spencer, Iowa
Coordinates: 43°8′43″N 95°8′50″W / 43.14528°N 95.14722°W / 43.14528; -95.14722Coordinates: 43°8′43″N 95°8′50″W / 43.14528°N 95.14722°W / 43.14528; -95.14722
Country United States
State Iowa
CountyClay
Government
 • TypeMayor-council
 • MayorKevin Robinson
Area
 • Total11.09 sq mi (28.72 km2)
 • Land10.93 sq mi (28.30 km2)
 • Water0.16 sq mi (0.42 km2)
Elevation
1,312 ft (400 m)
Population
 • Total11,233
 • Estimate 
(2019)[3]
10,952
 • Density1,002.20/sq mi (386.96/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
51301, 51343
Area code(s)712
FIPS code19-74280
GNIS feature ID0465608
Websitewww.spenceriowacity.com

The town's late library cat, Dewey Readmore Books, became known throughout the world before his death in 2006.[7] He was immortalized in the book Dewey: The Small-Town Library Cat Who Touched the World by Vicki Myron, director of the library, and Bret Witter.

HistoryEdit

When Clay County was established in 1851, it had no local government and official business was done out of Sergeant's Bluff, nearly 100 miles away on the Missouri River. In 1859, Judge Hubbard of Iowa's 4th Judicial District authorized a committee to find a site for the county seat. This committee selected "Section 20 of Spencer Township", located roughly in the center of the county near the confluence of "Sioux River and Ocheydan Creek", as the site for the "seat of justice". County Judge Charles Smeltzer approved their plan and began signing documents with the location "Spencer, Clay County, Iowa", even though he was not physically there. A small group of land speculators had cleared the area and laid out a town plan, but there were no people living in that area at the time. Most of Clay County's residents were living in Peterson Township, in the far southeastern corner of the county. Put to a vote, Peterson was chosen as the County Seat and a courthouse erected there. The site of the proposed town languished, uninhabited, for many years, the area coming to be called "Spencer Grove".

The first settlers in what is now Spencer arrived in Emmetsburg in the Winter of 1865. Most of the men were Union veterans of the Civil War from Wisconsin and were claiming land under the Homestead Act of 1862. While in Emmetburg, they were told of Spencer Grove and decided it would make a nice place to establish their homesteads. These first families arrived in Spencer Grove in May 1866 and were joined by another wave of settlers later that Summer. On September 20, 1866, Spencer Grove Township was formally organized; one of the benefits was the residents being able to vote locally rather than traveling twenty miles to Peterson, the County Seat and only incorporated town in Clay County. In October 1866, Spencer Grove resident Romanzo Coates was elected as Superintendent of Clay County Common Schools; he established the first schoolhouse on the upper level of his cabin and appointed his wife as the first schoolteacher.

In 1868, the US Postal Service authorized a Post Office to be established at Spencer Grove: the authorization came with the caveat that there already was a "Spencer Grove" in Iowa, so they needed to change the name; the residents opted to drop "Grove" and henceforth the name of the town was simply "Spencer". Romanzo Coates, already the Superintendent of Schools, was also made the town's first Postmaster, with his cabin used as the first Post Office.

In 1869, Garrett Marcellus moved to Spencer and established a mill on the Little Sioux River about one mile downstream. This was Spencer's first real business outside of the goods being sold out of J.W. Mastin's cabin. Several businesses soon followed: Peeso & Burgin's General Store and Tuttle & Smith both opened in 1870, as did a wagon shop, butcher shop and a blacksmith.

The plat for the Town of Spencer was filed on May 8, 1871 and approved by Judge Snyder of Iowa's 4th District Court. This marks the official founding of Spencer, Iowa. That year also saw the addition of several more businesses, including a hotel and hardware store.

By this time, the population around Spencer had surpassed that of Peterson, the County Seat located in the far southeastern corner of the county. A petition was passed to move the seat to the more centrally located Spencer; the motion passed 359-200 and in October 1871, the seat of government for Clay County was moved from Peterson to Spencer. At the time, Spencer lacked any building suitable for a courthouse, so residents pooled money and talent to build a two-story, 20x40 building on Main Street. This was subsequently purchased by the County for $1333 and used as the courthouse.

Between June and September 1878, the Chicago, Milwaukee & St Paul Railway built a line west from Algona to Spencer. The line was completed in mid-September and regular service began on September 15. Along with the rail road came telegraph service, the poles having been constructed alongside the tracks.

Spencer was formally incorporated as the Town of Spencer on March 26, 1880, with a mayor and board of trustees. On March 21, 1892, it was re-incorporated as the City of Spencer, with a mayor and city council.[8]

In 1899, growth here was stimulated by construction of the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Railway to the settlement.[9] The county seat operated as a trading center for a county devoted to farming. The railroad carried crops and products into and out of the area.

A 1931 fire, ignited by a dropped sparkler, destroyed more than 100 buildings in the town. Using the case of the Spencer Fire along with the Remsen Fire of 1936, the state legislature banned almost all fireworks until 2017, when a relaxed law was passed. As yet, Spencer has not authorized fireworks sale or use in the city. (Exception: During the legal periods, one can apply for a permit to sell.)

GeographyEdit

Spencer's longitude and latitude coordinates in decimal form are 43.145318, 95.147209.[10]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.18 square miles (28.96 km2), of which 11.01 square miles (28.52 km2) is land and 0.17 square miles (0.44 km2) is water.[11]

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880824
18901,813120.0%
19003,09570.7%
19103,005−2.9%
19204,59953.0%
19305,0199.1%
19406,59931.5%
19507,44612.8%
19608,86419.0%
197010,27816.0%
198011,72614.1%
199011,066−5.6%
200011,3172.3%
201011,233−0.7%
2019 (est.)10,952[3]−2.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]

2010 censusEdit

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 11,233 people, 5,018 households, and 3,009 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,020.3 inhabitants per square mile (393.9/km2). There were 5,431 housing units at an average density of 493.3 per square mile (190.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.0% White, 0.5% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 1.3% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 3.5% of the population.

There were 5,018 households, of which 27.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.0% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.0% were non-families. 34.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.80.

The median age in the city was 41.5 years. 23% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.3% were from 25 to 44; 26.5% were from 45 to 64; and 19.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.7% male and 52.3% female.

2000 censusEdit

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 11,317 people, 4,842 households, and 3,011 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,118.1 people per square mile (431.8/km2). There were 5,151 housing units at an average density of 508.9 per square mile (196.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.57% White, 0.14% African American, 0.13% Native American, 1.11% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.34% from other races, and 0.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 1.43% of the population.

There were 4,842 households, out of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.4% were married couples living together, 7.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.8% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.89.

Age spread: 23.8% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 19.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,970, and the median income for a family was $43,145. Males had a median income of $30,537 versus $21,709 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,153. About 7.3% of families and 9.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.3% of those under age 18 and 10.0% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and cultureEdit

In 2004, Spencer's downtown business district was recognized as historic and listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[14] As the county seat and a railroad stop, Spencer also served as a center of trade for the farming county.

Also in 2004, the State Historical Society of Iowa certified the Spencer Downtown Cultural District[15] as one of the initial eight such projects across the state. Spencer's proposal for this designation included remodeling the old Spencer Middle School building as a multi-purpose facility, to include a senior citizen center, affordable housing units, and a restored facade.[16] Future work on the project for the former Middle School will restore the historic auditorium.[17] The State Historical Society designation also recognizes the city's renovation of its Grand Avenue bridge to include a public art work: commissioned stained glass plates in an Art Deco style.[18]

Current cultural attractions in Spencer include the Spencer Community Theater[19] the Parker House Museum, Clay County Heritage, and various public art displays. Arts on Grand is a cultural attraction and nonprofit organization which supports local area artists with a gallery shop, exhibits, classes, workshops, tours, fundraising events, and other activities.[20] The Curiel-Reynolds School of Visual Arts (CRVA)[21] relocated from Detroit, Michigan to Spencer in 2007.[22]

Spencer's Public Library is where the library cat known as Dewey Readmore Books resided from January 18, 1988, until November 29, 2006. His story, with much about the town of Spencer, is told in Dewey: The Small-Town Library Cat Who Touched the World (2008), by Vicki Myron with Bret Witter,[23] and related children's versions and audio books.

Radio stationsEdit

EducationEdit

The Spencer Community School District operates public schools.[24]

InfrastructureEdit

TransportationEdit

Roadway

U.S. Routes 18 and 71 run concurrently for approximately three miles through Spencer.[25]

Air travel

The Spencer Municipal Airport is located three miles (5 km) northwest of the business district of Spencer. Great Lakes Airlines was formerly headquartered there.[26][27][28] At the height of Great Lake's service, the airline provided non-stop flights to several locations in the continental United States using Beechcraft 1900D and EMB Brasilia aircraft. The airline has since relocated to Cheyenne, Wyoming.[25]

The fixed-base operator is Leading Edge Aviation. They provide aircraft charters, rentals and flight instruction.

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 17, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  5. ^ "Population & Housing Occupancy Status 2010". United States Census Bureau American FactFinder. Retrieved 2011-06-21.[dead link]
  6. ^ "Data from the 2010 Census". State Data Center of Iowa. Retrieved 2011-06-19.
  7. ^ Wils, Craig (18 September 2008). "'Dewey the Library Cat' is back on the shelves". USA Today. Retrieved 13 August 2010.
  8. ^ Spencer Centennial. Spencer Centennial Committee. 1971.
  9. ^ Gillespie, Samuel (1909). History of Clay County, Iowa: From Its Earliest Settlement to 1909. S. J. Clarke Publishing Company. pp. 91–92.
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-05-11.
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  13. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  14. ^ "Culture & History of Historic Downtown Spencer". Spencer Alliance for a Creative Economy (SPACE). 2004. Retrieved 13 August 2010.
  15. ^ "List of Certified Cultural & Entertainment Districts". State Historical Society of Iowa website. Retrieved on 13 August 2010.
  16. ^ "Launch of Spencer school apartments celebrated". The Daily Reporter. 10 March 2009. Retrieved 13 August 2010.
  17. ^ "Grand opening at remodeled SMS". The Daily Reporter (15 January 2010. Retrieved on 13 August 2010.
  18. ^ "Grand Avenue bridge art approved". The Daily Reporter (17 July 2010). Retrieved on 13 August 2010.
  19. ^ Spencer Community Theater
  20. ^ "Arts on Grand". Spencer Area Arts Council website. Retrieved on 13 August 2010.
  21. ^ "Curiel Arts School of Visual Arts (Glass and Jewelry Art School) organization website". Retrieved on 13 August 2010.
  22. ^ "information page for Curiel-Reynolds School of Visual Arts". American Towns website. Retrieved on 13 August 2010.
  23. ^ Grand Central Publishing (2008)
  24. ^ "Spencer." Iowa Department of Education. Retrieved on July 21, 2018.
  25. ^ a b "Spencer, Iowa". mapquest. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
  26. ^ "Welcome to Great Lakes Aviation, Ltd." Great Lakes Airlines. December 5, 1998. Retrieved on May 25, 2009.
  27. ^ "Spencer city, Iowa." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on May 25, 2009.
  28. ^ Hilkevitch, John. "An Airline Regroups / Great Lakes Flying Again, Though Still Puzzled by Onset of Crisis." Chicago Tribune. May 25, 1997. Business 1. Retrieved on May 25, 2009.
  29. ^ "Dewey Read More Books". About the Author. Retrieved 2010-12-21.

External linksEdit