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The Spanish missions in South America comprise a series of Jesuit Catholic religious outposts established by Spanish Catholics in order to spread the Christian doctrine among the local natives.






Missions in the Banda Oriental in southern Brazil. The Banda Oriental was finally divided by the Treaty of San Ildefonso in 1777 between Spanish and Portuguese domains, the western portion becoming part of what is today state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, the eastern portion becoming part of what is today Uruguay.

(Note: The above are Portuguese translations of the original names)

There were also 7 Spanish Missions (out of 30 or so in Viceroyalty of Peru east of the Andes) constructed along tributaries in the Upper Solimoes area of what later became State of Amazonas, Brazil, between 1686 and 1689 by Jesuit Padre Samuel Fritz among the Omagua indigenous peoples. Some of these were moved upstream into Peru due to pressure from the Bandeirantes slave raiders; the rest were destroyed by Portuguese forces between 1700 and 1711.[1]

Spanish missions in the lower Amazon:


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Larrabure y Correa (1903). Colección de leyes, decretos, resoluciones i otros documentos oficiales referentes al departamento de Loreto [1777-1908], Volumes 15-16. Google ebook. p. 359.