Soviet Athletics Championships

The Soviet Athletics Championships (Russian: Чемпионат СССР по лёгкой атлетике) was an annual outdoor track and field competition organised by the Soviet Athletics Federation, which served as the Soviet national championship for the sport.

Soviet Athletics Championships
Athletics pictogram.svg
SportTrack and field
Founded1920
Ceased1991
CountrySoviet Union

The early history of event traces back to two events organised by a Moscow-based skiing club: this was first held in 1920 for men only. Following the Declaration of the Creation of the USSR, the next two editions in 1923 and 1924 increased in size and were held as an All-Union sports festival. A marked increase came in 1928 when 1281 athletes competed, drawing from five Union Republics, 12 regions of the Russian SDSSR and 11 foreign delegations. The event was held consistently every year from 1943 onwards. The athletics competition was incorporated into the quadrennial Spartakiad of Peoples of the USSR during the latter event's lifespan from 1956 to 1991 (with the exception of 1986).[1]

The event programme typically was close to that featured in the Olympic Games athletics competition, though the marathon, road racewalking, and combined track and field events were usually held at separate championships. It was common for there to be both an individual Soviet Championships and a national athletics championship for clubs.[2][3]

The last Soviet Athletics Championships was hosted in Kiev in 1991 and it ceased thereafter due to the dissolution of the Soviet Union. A final shared championships was held in 1992 between the Commonwealth of Independent States, after which point the newly independent nations hosted their own national championship events.[1]

EditionsEdit

# Year Venue Date Stadium Notes
1 1920 Moscow 20–24 June Skiing Sports Society Stadium
2 1922 Moscow 3–10 September Skiing Sports Society Stadium
3 1923 Moscow 1–8 September
4 1924 Moscow 31 August – 1 September
5 1927 Moscow 20–28 August
6 1928 Moscow 11–21 August Food Union Stadium
7 1931 Moscow 15–19 June Central Dynamo Stadium
8 1934 Moscow 1–6 August Central Dynamo Stadium
9 1935 Moscow 11–12 September Central Dynamo Stadium
10 1936 Moscow 18–24 August Central Dynamo Stadium
11 1937 Moscow 20–24 August Central Dynamo Stadium
12 1938 Kharkiv 20–24 August Dynamo Stadium
13 1939 Kharkiv 24–30 August Dynamo Stadium
14 1940 Moscow 20–24 August Central Dynamo Stadium
15 1943 Gorky 3–9 September Dynamo Stadium
16 1944 Moscow 13–18 August Central Dynamo Stadium
17 1945 Kiev 9–16 September Republican Stadium
18 1946 Dnepropetrovsk 8–15 September Steel Stadium
19 1947 Kharkiv 20 August – 5 September Dynamo Stadium
20 1948 Kharkiv 5–12 September Dynamo Stadium
21 1949 Moscow 3–9 September Central Dynamo Stadium
22 1950 Kiev 17–23 September Republican Stadium
23 1951 Minsk 26 August – 1 September Dinamo Stadium
24 1952 Leningrad 24–30 August Kirov Stadium
25 1953 Moscow 23–25 August Central Dynamo Stadium
26 1954 Kiev 12–16 September Republican Stadium
27 1955 Tbilisi 13–17 November Dinamo Stadium
28 1956 Moscow 5–16 August Central Lenin Stadium
29 1957 Moscow 28 August – 2 September Central Lenin Stadium
30 1958 Tallinn

Tbilisi

19–21 July 28 October – 2 November Kalevi Keskstaadion

Dinamo Stadium

31 1959 Moscow 9–14 August Central Lenin Stadium
32 1960 Moscow

Kiev

15–18 July

15–19 October

Central Lenin Stadium

Central Stadium

33 1961 Tbilisi 5–9 October Dinamo Stadium
34 1962 Moscow

Tashkent

11–13 August

13–19 October

Central Lenin Stadium

Pakhtakor Markaziy Stadium

35 1963 Moscow 9–15 August Central Lenin Stadium
36 1964 Kiev 27–30 August Republican Stadium
37 1965 Almaty 9–17 October Almaty Central Stadium
38 1966 Dnepropetrovsk

Leninakan

12–14 August

4–6 October

Meteor Stadium

City Stadium

39 1967 Moscow 28 July – 1 August Central Lenin Stadium
40 1968 Sevan

Leninakan

Tsaghkadzor

Yalta

12–13 August

15–18 August

21–22 August

15 October

41 1969 Noginsk

Kiev

Uzhhorod

Sochi

19 July 1969

17–20 August

15–16 October

1–2 November

Noginsk City Stadium

Central Stadium

Avanhard Stadium

Central Stadium South

42 1970 Minsk

Fryazino

12–14 September

12–13 September

Dinamo Stadium
43 1971 Moscow 16–19 July Central Lenin Stadium
44 1972 Moscow 14–20 July Central Lenin Stadium
45 1973 Moscow 4–14 July Central Lenin Stadium
46 1974 Moscow 6–7 July

23–26 July

Central Lenin Stadium
47 1975 Moscow 27–30 July Central Lenin Stadium
48 1976 Kiev

Klaipėda

Yerevan

10–24 June 15 August

26–29 August

Republican Stadium

City streets

Hrazdan Stadium

49 1977 Moscow

Riga

26–29 July

2–3 July

Central Lenin Stadium

Dinamo Stadium

50 1978 Moscow

Donetsk

Tbilisi

25 June

29–30 July

15–18 September

City streets

Lokomotiv Stadium

Dinamo Stadium

51 1979 Moscow 21–29 July Central Lenin Stadium
52 1980 Moscow

Donetsk

29–21 June

6–9 September

Central Lenin Stadium

Lokomotiv Stadium

53 1981 Leningrad

Leningrad

Moscow

24–26 July

1–2 August

16–19 September

Lenin Stadium

Central Lenin Stadium

54 1982 Moscow

Leningrad

(Kiev)

55 1983 Moscow
56 1984 Donetsk 7–9 September Lokomotiv Stadium
57 1985 Leningrad
58 1986 Moscow

Kiev

59 1987 Moscow

Mogilev Cheboksary

Novopolotsk

Bryansk

Tallinn

12 June 12 June

12 July

16–19 July

18–19 July

Start & finish at Desna Stadium
60 1988

Kiev

61 1989 Leningrad
62 1990

Kiev

63 1991 Kiev

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Soviet Championships. GBR Athletics. Retrieved 26 August 2016.
  2. ^ Абдуллаев А.М., Орлов Р.В. и др. Книга легкоатлета М.: Физкультура и спорт, 1971 384 с.
  3. ^ Лёгкая атлетика. Справочник / Составитель Р. В. Орлов. – М.: "Физкультура и спорт", 1983. – 392 с.