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Coordinates: 51°32′39.88″N 0°42′53.95″E / 51.5444111°N 0.7149861°E / 51.5444111; 0.7149861

Southend Stadium
LocationGrainger Road, Southend-on-Sea, Essex
Opened1933
Closed1985

Southend Stadium was a former greyhound racing and football stadium in Grainger Road, Southend-on-Sea, Essex.[1] It was also the home ground of Southend United between 1934 and 1955 and was also known as Greyhound Park.

OriginsEdit

The first greyhound racing in Southend took place at the Kursaal from 1927 until 1929. Three years later in 1932 planning permission for a new stadium was submitted to the Southend Council by a new company called Southend Stadium Ltd headed by the Wimbledon supremo William John Cearns.[1]

The new stadium was built on the site of the Milton Hall Brickworks in the All Saints Ward and featured two main stands, the east stand which would later have a restaurant and the west stand with covered seating, the remainder of the stadium being uncovered terracing. The Milton Hall Brick Company Ltd had just opened the Star Lane Brickworks in the nearby village of Great Wakering allowing the sale of the older Brickworks located between the Redstock Road to the north, Maldon Road to the south and Sutton Road on its east side. After the stadium had been constructed it could be accessed from the new Stadium Road via Redstock Road or from Grainger Road via Maldon Road.[2]

OpeningEdit

The stadium opened on Saturday 15 April 1933 and attracted an attendance of over 5,000. The first ever race was won by a greyhound called Janet McNab over 525 yards, the greyhound won by 5 lengths in a time of 32.22 secs.[3][4]

Pre war historyEdit

Meetings took place on Monday afternoon in addition to Wednesday and Friday evening. Distances used in the early years of racing were 300, 500 and 525 yards including hurdles. The Thames Silver Salver was inaugurated in 1933 and became an established competition that would attract some of the sports best sprinters in future years.[5]

In 1934 Southend United F.C. relocated the club from the Kursaal to the Southend Stadium in a complete reversal of proceedings that had taken place in 1927. A seven-year lease had been agreed despite reservations from the Football Association. The Racing Manager was T F Fenton-Livingstone and the timekeeper was Les Cox who would later become Racing Manager at Romford Greyhound Stadium.[5]

The circuit was 465 yards in circumference and was described as a particularly easy galloping track with good straights which gradually merge into the banked bends. The hare system was an 'Outside Sumner' and the racing kennels were located behind the east stand that now included a restaurant and the Greycing Club with dance floor. Below the east stand Greycing Club was the Junior Greycing Club and cheaper enclosure. The residential kennels were to be found seven miles away in the village of Canewdon.[5]

Some of the earliest trainers at the track included J Bartlett, Stan Gray, A.F Dandridge and Frank Clarke, the latter left the stadium in 1937 to be replaced by Bill Cowell. Cowell won the Scurry Gold Cup and Lincoln Stakes with Hexham Bridge in 1937 whilst Stan Gray trained Happy Squire an Essex Vase success in 1939. Jim Syder Jr. trained at the track for eleven years from 1935-1946 before joining Wembley Greyhounds.[5]

Post war historyEdit

The vast majority of tracks continued to trade throughout the war but Southend had been requisitioned by the Army Officer Training Corps in 1940 leaving the football team and greyhound racing without a home.[6]

When hostilities ceased in 1945 the stadium was in need of major repairs and the pitch had to be re-laid before the football team could play again. Greyhound racing returned during April 1946. The totalisator peaked in 1948 at £1,694,181 during a boom period for the industry.[7][8]

A rival track called the Rayleigh Weir Stadium opened in 1948. Mr A Gray became Racing Manager and in 1955 the football team decided not to renew the lease and left for Roots Hall. Trainer Bill Matthews won the Thames Silver Salver for his home track in 1955.[6]

The 1960s saw racing held three times a week racing on Monday, Thursday and Saturday and the stadium regularly closed from January to March. The hare system changed to an 'Outside McKee'. There were five buffet bars and two licensed bars listed in the facilities during a time when Arthur Hall became General Manager and Terry Evans replaced A Gray as Racing Manager.[6]

In the late 1960s and early 1970s the trainers were Stan Gray, Dennis Mansfield, Bill Matthews and Bert Stephens, Kenny Linzell had a spell at track as well. In August 1970 the BBC screened the annual Television Trophy at the track; it was the first time that colour was used. A new stand was constructed with a new tiered restaurant which brought increased attendances and tote turnover but proposals for a new track to be laid inside the greyhound track for speedway and stock cars was refused by the council over noise concerns.[9]

Stan Gray retired in 1971 replaced by Tony Barker and new trainer Tom Lanceman who also supplied runners to Ipswich Stadium was one of the first trainers to take dual attachment. In 1979 Lanceman's Topofthetide won the Grand National for the second successive year. The stadium introduced the Coronation Cup in 1981 and Tony Dennis won the Grand Prix with Rathduff Solara.[9]

ClosureEdit

The last meeting was held on Boxing Day 1985.[10] Two months later the stands and terracing were demolished making way for a retail park.[3][11]

CompetitionsEdit

Track recordsEdit

Pre-metric

Distance
yards
Greyhound Time Date Notes
300 Westerham 17.07 24.10.1934
300 Royal Canopy 16.90 02.08.1948
300 Hi Tivoli 16.45 31.07.1961 Thames Silver Salver final
300 Don’'t Gambol 1971 Thames Silver Salver semi final
500 Happy Form 28.84 06.10.1933
500 Lone Keel 28.34 03.05.1937
500 Mondays News 28.22 1945
500 Shannon Shore 27.89 25.09.1946 Thames Silver Salver final
500 Red Wind 27.78 19.09.1949 Thames Silver Salver final
525 Lutwyche 30.18 28.07.1933
525 Happy Form 30.18 25.10.1933 =equalled
525 Light of Castledown 29.99 21.06.1946
525 Rimmels Black 29.57 1947
525 Royal Canopy 29.49 17.05.1948
525 Tinas Beauty 29.43 08.07.1965
525 Willing Blue 29.22 1970
700 Ever Bonny 41.30 03.11.1933
700 Diamond Jim 40.55 26.06.1946
700 Aura Monarch 40.07 29.06.1948
700 Drastic O'Leer 40.04 1949
700 Lucky Hi There 39.82 21.09.1964 Charles Neale Stakes
700 Rita's Choice [12] 07.1973
750 Bradshaw Jim 44.12 25.07.1936
963 Greenville Flora 57.16 06.12.1969
500 H Kilmoney Prince 29.73 11.08.1933
500 H Macaroni II 29.64 24.06.1936
500 H Carraigin Robairt 28.84 14.06.1948
500 H Sprightly Peter 28.72 1948
525 H Kilmoney Prince 31.17 31.07.1933
525 H Terrys Hope 31.05 24.05.1937
525 H O'Alaha 30.31 30.06.1948
700 H Inchacoumbe Boy 43.09 29.09.1933
700 H Flying Wedge 41.98 10.04.1937

Post-metric

Distance
metres
Greyhound Time Date Notes
277 Mutts Silver 16.71 1976 Thames Silver Salver final
277 Knockrour Brandy 16.45 02.07.1979
484 My Royal 29.03 30.04.1979
484 Fosters Folly 29.03 12.06.1980
647 Montini's Flash 39.67 01.11.1979
705 Billys Glory 43.97 22.08.1974
913 Maldon West 57.66 12.08.1978
462 H Graceful Fellow 28.61 26.05.1973
484 H Shyan Trader 29.94 26.05.1979

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Genders, Roy (1981). The Encyclopedia of Greyhound Racing. Pelham Books Ltd. ISBN 07207-1106-1.
  2. ^ "OS County Series Essex 1939". old-maps.co.uk.
  3. ^ a b Barnes, Julia (1988). Daily Mirror Greyhound Fact File. Ringpress Books. ISBN 0-948955-15-5.
  4. ^ "Large Crowd Attends Opening Meeting at New Greyhound Racing Stadium, Friday 21 April". Southend Times. 1933.
  5. ^ a b c d Tarter, P Howard (1949). Greyhound Racing Encyclopedia. Fleet Publishing Company Ltd.
  6. ^ a b c Genders, Roy (1975). The Greyhound and Racing Greyhound. Page Brothers (Norwich). ISBN 0-85020-0474.
  7. ^ Particulars of Licensed tracks, table 1 Licensed Dog Racecourses. Licensing Authorities. 1946.
  8. ^ http://www.southendtimeline.com/southendgreyhoundtrack.htm
  9. ^ a b Genders, Roy (1990). NGRC book of Greyhound Racing. Pelham Books Ltd. ISBN 0-7207-1804-X.
  10. ^ "Southend Stadium, 26 December 1985". Official racecard. 1985.
  11. ^ "Closures and openings over the past 10 years, July 1993, page 18". Greyhound Star. 1993.
  12. ^ "Monthly Greyhound Star (Remember When 1973) July edition". Greyhound Star.