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Lake Malawi in 1967

Southeast Africa[1][2] or Southeastern Africa[3][a] is an African region that is intermediate between East Africa[b] and Southern Africa.[c][8] It comprises the countries Botswana, Burundi, Eswatini, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi,[9] Mozambique,[10][11] Tanzania, Uganda,[12] Zambia and Zimbabwe[13] in the mainland, with the island-nation of Madagascar also included.[10]




Bantu expansionEdit

Bantu-speakers traversed from West or Central Africa into Southeast Africa approximately 3,000 years ago.[10]

Swahili coastEdit



Kitara and BunyoroEdit

Lake Plateau states and empiresEdit





Modern historyEdit

In the 19th and 20th centuries, David Livingstone[14] and Frederick Courtney Selous visited Southeast Africa. The latter wrote down his experiences in the book Travel and Adventure in South-East Africa.[15]

Demographics and languagesEdit


Science and technologyEdit



Lake Malawi[17][14] and Limpopo River[18] are located in Southeast Africa.


Natural DisastersEdit


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Though this reference[4] includes Namibia, it was previously referred to as "Southwest Africa",[5] due to its location.
  2. ^ East Africa at least partially includes Northeast Africa.[6][7]
  3. ^ Southern Africa includes what was known as Southwest Africa.[5]


  1. ^ Axworthy, Mary (2004). Sowell, Teri L. (ed.). Asking for Eyes: The Visual Voice of Southeast Africa. University Art Gallery, San Diego State University. ISBN 0937097012.
  2. ^ Wieschhoff, H. A. (2013). The Zimbabwe-Monomotapa Culture in Southeast Africa. Literary Licensing L. L. C. ISBN 1494009935.
  3. ^ a b Schlebusch, C. M.; Prins, F.; Lombard, M.; Jakobsson, M.; Soodyall, H. "The disappearing San of southeastern Africa and their genetic affinities". National Center for Biotechnology Information. doi:10.1007/s00439-016-1729-8. PMC 5065584. PMID 27651137. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  4. ^ "Southeastern Africa: South Africa, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, Namibia, and Malawi", World Wildlife Fund, retrieved 2018-04-30
  5. ^ a b Turok, Ben (1990). Witness from the frontline: aggression and resistance in Southern Africa. Institute for African Alternatives. p. 86. ISBN 187042512X.
  6. ^ Jama, Abdillahi H. (2002). "11". Values in Islamic culture and the experience of history. pp. 303–322. ISBN 1135434166.
  7. ^ Bechaus-Gerst, Marianne; Blench, Roger (2014). "11". In Kevin MacDonald (ed.). The Origins and Development of African Livestock: Archaeology, Genetics, Linguistics and Ethnography - "Linguistic evidence for the prehistory of livestock in Sudan" (2000). Routledge. p. 453. Retrieved 15 September 2014.
  8. ^ Klopper, S., Conru, K., and Nel, K. (2002). The Art of Southeast Africa: From the Conru Collection. Harry N. Abrams. ISBN 8874390017.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  9. ^ "Malawi", Merriam-Webster, retrieved 2018-04-29
  10. ^ a b c "Bantu Ethnicity in South East Africa: From Kenya to the Southern Tip of Africa". Retrieved 2018-04-29. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |work= (help)
  11. ^ "Mozambique", Merriam-Webster, retrieved 2018-04-29
  12. ^ "Tracing African Roots: Exploring the Ethnic Origins of the Afro-Diaspora". Tracing African Roots. Retrieved 2018-04-29. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |work= (help)
  13. ^ Fry, Kathie. "Southeast African Countries". Do It In Africa. Retrieved 2018-04-19. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |publisher= (help)
  14. ^ a b Douglas, John (Summer 1998). "Malawi: The Lake of Stars". Travel Africa (4). Archived from the original on 2009-01-14. Retrieved 22 August 2008. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  15. ^ a b Selous, F. C. (2011). "XXV". Travel and Adventure in South-East Africa. New York: Cambridge University Press. p. 445. ISBN 1108031161.
  16. ^ Irele 2010
  17. ^ "Freshwater Fish Species in Lake Malawi (Nyasa) [Southeast Africa]". Mongabay. 2001-11-15. Retrieved 2016-12-09. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |work= (help)
  18. ^ "Limpopo River", Encyclopædia Britannica, retrieved 2018-04-29
  19. ^ Jackson, D. (2010). "Introduction". Lion. London: Reaktion Books. pp. 1–21. ISBN 1861897359.

External linksEdit