South Dorset (UK Parliament constituency)
South Dorset is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Richard Drax, a Conservative.[n 2] The constituency was created as a consequence of the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, although the area covered has changed since then.
for the House of Commons
Boundary of South Dorset in Dorset.
Location of Dorset within England.
|Electorate||73,499 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Weymouth and Swanage|
|Member of Parliament||Richard Drax (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|European Parliament constituency||South West England|
The constituency was created as a consequence of the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885. The Act reduced the number of MPs.in Dorset from 10 to 4 (see Redistribution of Seats Act 1885#Redistributed seats: England). It was initially proposed to name the new constituencies after existing boroughs (Shaftesbury, Dorchester, Poole and Bridport) but, following an amendment in the Commons on 14 April 1885, the names were changed to the points of the compass (North Dorset, South Dorset, East Dorset, West Dorset).
The South Dorset constituency was divided into 7 polling districts. Dorchester was chosen as the place where the nomination of candidates would take place and the result would be declared. The area covered was:
- Broadwey polling district: Bincombe, Broadwey, Buckland Ripers, Preston and Sutton Poyntz, Upwey
- Chesilton polling district: Portland
- Dorchester polling district: Bockhampton-cum-Stinsford, Bradford Peverell and Muckleford, Charminster, Dorchester All Saints, Dorchester Holy Trinity, Dorchester St Peter, Fordington, Stratton and Grimstone, West Knighton, West Stafford, Whitcombe, Winterborne Came, Winterborne Herringstone, Winterborne Monkton, Winterborne St Martin
- Melcombe Regis polling district: Chickerell, Fleet, Melcombe Regis, Radipole, Weymouth, Wyke Regis
- Poxwell polling district: Broadmayne, Osmington, Poxwell, Warmwell, Watercombe
- Puddletown polling district: Affpuddle, Athelhampton, Burleston, Dewlish, Piddlehinton, Puddletown, Tincleton, Tolpuddle, Turners Puddle, Woodsford
- Winfrith polling district: Chaldon Herring, Coombe Keynes, East Lulworth, Moreton, Owermoigne, West Lulworth, Winfrith Newburgh, Wool
In the 1997 election the seat was won by Ian Bruce by a margin of only 77 votes, one of the smallest margins in the UK. The 2001 election saw the second Labour win in South Dorset's history with Labour's smallest majority in England, at 153. In the 2005 election this constituency was one of the few in which Labour significantly increased their majority. Conservative candidate Ed Matts was found to have doctored an image which was part of his campaign material. Matts changed a photo of a protest against the deportation of a South Dorset resident, so that it appeared to be a protest against "uncontrolled immigration". In both elections, the left-wing singer-songwriter Billy Bragg led an anti-Conservative tactical voting campaign in Dorset constituencies.
The 2010 election saw Conservative Richard Drax, a former soldier and journalist from a long line of Dorset representatives, defeating the incumbent Jim Knight, who ended his final year in parliament as the Minister (of State) for Employment and Welfare Reform. Richard Drax retained the seat in 2015 election with an increased majority.
1885–1918: The Municipal Boroughs of Dorchester, and Weymouth and Melcombe Regis, and parts of the Sessional Divisions of Dorchester and Wareham.
1918–1950: The Municipal Boroughs of Wareham, and Weymouth and Melcombe Regis, the Urban Districts of Portland and Swanage, the Rural District of Wareham and Purbeck, and the part of the Rural District of Weymouth that was not included in the Dorset West constituency (i.e. Bincombe, Broadwey, Chickerell, Fleet, Osmington, Owermoigne, Poxwell, Preston, Radipole, Upwey and Wyke Regis).
1950–1983: The Municipal Boroughs of Wareham, and Weymouth and Melcombe Regis, the Urban Districts of Portland and Swanage, the Rural District of Wareham and Purbeck, and in the Rural District of Dorchester the civil parishes of Bincombe, Chickerell, Fleet, Osmington, Owermoigne, and Poxwell.
1983–1997: The Borough of Weymouth and Portland, the District of Purbeck wards of Bere Regis, Castle, Langton, St Martin, Swanage North, Swanage South, Wareham, West Purbeck, Winfrith, and Wool, and the District of West Dorset ward of Owermoigne.
1997–2010: The Borough of Weymouth and Portland, the District of Purbeck wards of Castle, Langton, Swanage North, Swanage South, West Purbeck, Winfrith, and Wool, and the District of West Dorset ward of Owermoigne.
2010–present: The Borough of Weymouth and Portland, the District of Purbeck wards of Castle, Creech Barrow, Langton, Swanage North, Swanage South, West Purbeck, Winfrith, and Wool, and the District of West Dorset ward of Owermoigne.
The seat includes the coastal areas to the south of the county of Dorset, plus some rural Purbeck territory further inland. The port of Weymouth is one of the few large towns in Dorset and its suburbs extend onto the Wyke Regis peninsula and the isle of Portland, connected to the mainland by road (and, in the past, rail).
The constituency includes Bovington army camp, and further east, Corfe Castle, connected by the preserved Swanage Railway steam railway to the holiday resort of Swanage. This part of the seat is closer to Poole and Bournemouth than to Weymouth.
Members of ParliamentEdit
Elections in the 2010sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Howard Legg||3,053||5.9||−0.1|
|Liberal Democrat||Howard Legg||2,901||6.0||-13.0|
|Movement for Active Democracy||Andy Kirkwood||164||0.3||-0.2|
|Liberal Democrat||Ros Kayes||9,557||19.0||+3.2|
|Movement for Active Democracy||Andy Kirkwood||233||0.5||+0.5|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+9.3|
Elections in the 2000sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Graham Oakes||7,647||15.7||+1.3|
|Legalise Cannabis||Vic Hamilton||282||0.6||N/A|
|Personality and Rational Thinking? Yes! Party||Andy Kirkwood||107||0.2||N/A|
|Wessex Regionalist||Colin Bex||83||0.2||N/A|
|Socialist Labour||David Marchesi||25||0.1||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||Andy Canning||6,531||14.4||-5.8|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Michael Plummer||9,936||20.20|
|Referendum||Patrick C. McAndrew||2,791||5.68|
|Natural Law||Gerald T.H. Napper||161||0.33|
|Liberal Democrat||Brian E.J. Ellis||15,811||27.1||−0.3|
|Natural Law||MRF Griffiths||191||0.3||N/A|
Elections in the 1980sEdit
|Social Democratic||S.A. Head||13,533||26.99|
Elections in the 1970sEdit
|Liberal||P St. J Howe||8,649||14.87|
Elections in the 1960sEdit
|Labour||Frederick W Morgan||21,120||42.26|
|Liberal||Geoffrey Maxwell Goode||5,862||11.72|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
|Liberal||Lawrence I Norbury-Williams||8,910||21.66||+6.11|
|Anti Common Market||Piers Debenham||5,057||12.29||N/A|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
Elections in the 1950sEdit
|Labour||Conrad F Ascher||15,357||34.67|
|Liberal||Lawrence I Norbury-Williams||6,887||15.55|
|Labour||Frederick Newman Stacey||16,702||38.29|
|Liberal||Geoffrey Maxwell Goode||4,798||11.00|
|Labour||Frederick Newman Stacey||18,244||40.61|
|Liberal||Wilfred Ewart Ward||5,005||11.14|
|Labour||Frederick Newman Stacey||17,471||39.73|
|Liberal||Wyatt Trevelyan Rawson Rawson||6,489||14.76|
Elections in the 1940sEdit
|Labour||Philip Sidney Eastman||12,460||36.40|
|Liberal||Wilfred Ewart Ward||7,149||20.88|
General Election 1939/40:
Another general election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;
- Conservative: Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
- Liberal: Frederick William King
- Labour: Philip Sidney Eastman
Elections in the 1930sEdit
|Labour||Arthur William Wiltshire||8,580||28.16|
|Liberal||Frederick William King||4,255||13.96|
|Labour||Arthur William Wiltshire||8,809||29.27|
Elections in the 1920sEdit
|Labour||Arthur William Wiltshire||6,950||23.4||−6.1|
|Labour||David Wyndham Thomas||3,602||17.5||−3.3|
Elections in the 1910sEdit
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+10.3|
Elections in the 1900sEdit
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+5.8|
Elections in the 1890sEdit
Elections in the 1880sEdit
|Conservative||Charles J. T. Hambro||3,477||58.3||+8.6|
|Liberal||Henry Parkman Sturgis||2,486||41.7||−8.6|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+8.6|
|Liberal||Henry Parkman Sturgis||3,128||50.3||N/A|
|Conservative||Charles J. T. Hambro||3,095||49.7||N/A|
|Liberal win (new seat)|
Notes and referencesEdit
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "The Redistribution Bill". The Times. 15 April 1885. p. 6.
- "Official Announcements – County of Dorset". Western Gazette. 17 July 1885. Retrieved 21 November 2015 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "D" (part 2)
- Died 1891
- Called to the House of Lords, by a writ in acceleration, as Lord Cecil of Essendon in 1941
- Succeeded as the 10th Earl of Sandwich
- "General election 8 June 2017". Dorsetforyou.com. Retrieved 13 May 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- Grainger, Tom (20 April 2010). "Statement of Persons Nominated and Notice of Poll" (PDF). Acting Returning Officer. Weymouth & Portland Borough Council. Retrieved 24 April 2010.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
- Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1922
- British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
- Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
- The Constitutional Year Book, 1904, published by Conservative Central Office, page 143 (167 in web page), Dorsetshire
- BBC News article on the 2001 South Dorset election