1989 South Australian state election
State elections were held in South Australia on 25 November 1989. All 47 seats in the South Australian House of Assembly were up for election. The incumbent Australian Labor Party led by Premier of South Australia John Bannon defeated the Liberal Party of Australia led by Leader of the Opposition John Olsen. Labor won 22 out of 47 seats, and secured a majority of 24 with the support of two Independent Labor members.
All 47 seats in the South Australian House of Assembly
24 seats were needed for a majority
11 (of the 22) seats in the South Australian Legislative Council
Parliamentary elections for both houses of the Parliament of South Australia were held in South Australia in 1989, which saw John Bannon and the Australian Labor Party win a third successive term and 11 years in government. The John Olsen-led Liberal Party of Australia failed to win office despite gaining 52 percent of the two-party vote. Bannon's government had initially presided over an economic boom, but at the time of the election the economy had slowed due to the late 1980s recession. The Liberals' campaign blamed Bannon for the poor economic conditions, capitalising on the fact that he was national president of Australian Labor Party at the time.
It was only the second time that a Labor government in South Australia had been re-elected for a third term, however it would be the first eleven-year-incumbent Labor government.
Before the election, the Liberal Party made allegations of a Labor 'gerrymander', due to the perceived unfair state of the electoral boundaries. While Labor had not instituted any type of imbalanced electoral legislation, it had nonetheless not issued a redistribution since 1983 (which it was not required to do, because redistributions were only required after every third election). So while the electoral districts were equal within the required 10 percent tolerances when they were drawn in 1983, population shifts had increased that imbalance substantially. Because of this, a 1991 state referendum made redistributions mandatory by the Electoral Commission of South Australia after each election, and included a 'fairness clause' where the commission should redraw boundaries with the objective that the party which receives over 50 percent of the statewide two-party vote at the forthcoming election should win the two-party vote in a majority of seats.
Olsen was replaced as Liberal leader by Dale Baker in 1990. Baker resigned as leader in 1992 without contesting an election, and the subsequent leadership ballot was won by Dean Brown, ahead of Olsen and Jennifer Cashmore.
The parliament had three by-elections (1990 Custance by-election, the 1992 Alexandra by-election and the 1992 Kavel by-election), but all were retained by the Liberal party, so resulted in no change in the numbers in parliament.
Independent Labor Martyn Evans joined the ALP in 1993 and stood at the 1993 election as an endorsed ALP candidate.
House of AssemblyEdit
|Summary of votes by party|
|Call to Australia||10,974||1.30||+1.30||0||± 0|
|Independent Labor||13,094||1.52||–0.77||2||± 0|
|Summary of votes by party|
|Call to Australia||21,658||2.5%||–0.5%||0||0|
|GOVERNMENT SEATS (24)|
|Henley Beach||Don Ferguson||ALP||4.0%|
|Albert Park||Kevin Hamilton||ALP||8.1%|
|Semaphore||Norm Peterson||IND||12.8% v ALP|
|Ross Smith||John Bannon||ALP||14.1%|
|Price||Murray De Laine||ALP||16.3%|
|Elizabeth||Martyn Evans||IND||17.1% v ALP|
|OPPOSITION SEATS (23)|
|Flinders||Peter Blacker||NAT||10.9% v LIB|
|Mount Gambier||Harold Allison||LIB||22.5%|
- Candidates of the South Australian state election, 1989
- Results of the South Australian state election, 1989 (House of Assembly)
- Results of the South Australian state election, 1989 (Legislative Council)
- Members of the South Australian House of Assembly, 1989-1993
- Members of the South Australian Legislative Council, 1989-1993
- Brooks, David; Gill, Zoe; Weste, John. "South Australian Referenda, 1896-1991" (PDF). Parliament of South Australia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 April 2015. Retrieved 16 August 2016.
- "Details of SA 1989 Election". Australian Politics and Elections Database.
- "History of South Australian elections 1857-2006, volume 2 Legislative Council". ECSA. Retrieved 22 May 2016.