South African diaspora

The South African diaspora consists of South African emigrants and their descendants living outside South Africa. The largest concentrations of South African emigrants are to be found in the United Kingdom, followed by Australia, the United States, New Zealand and Canada.[13] At the time of the 2001 UK Census, some 141,405 South-African born people were present in the UK.[14] In Australia, there were 145,683 South African-born people living in the country at the moment of the 2011 Census,[15] having an increase compared with those 78,444 recorded by the 2001 Census.[14] The 2000 United States Census identified 68,290 South African-born people.[14]

Total: ~600,000
Regions with significant populations
 United Kingdom203,477 (2011)[1]
 Australia178,700 (2016)[2]
 United States82,054 (2011)
 New Zealand54,279 (2013)[3]
 Canada43,406 (2011)[1]
 Namibia21,209 (2011)[1]
 Netherlands20,859 (2018)[4]
 Germany14,930 (2015)[1]
 Swaziland11,526 (2011)[1]
 Portugal11,477 (2011)[1]
 Israel11,290 (2008)[1]
 Malawi8,232 (2008)[1]
 Greece7,150 (2011)[1]
  Switzerland6,953 (2011)[1]
 Qatar5,000 (2014)[5]
 Belgium3,474 (2015)[6]
 Ireland3,208 (2016)[7]
 Hong Kong~ 3,000 (2020)[1]
 Sweden2,941 (2017)[8]
 Spain2,660 (2011)[1]
 Cyprus2,509 (2011)[1]
 Austria2,339 (2011)[1]
 Brazil1,584 (2010)[1]
 Zambia1,539 (2010)[1]
 Finland1,497 (2017)[9]
 France1,367 (2014)[10]
 Denmark1,265 (2018)[11]
 Norway1,087 (2017)[12]
Religion
Christianity, Judaism, Hinduism, irreligion
Related ethnic groups
South African people

According to the most recent data compiled by Statistics South Africa, between 2006 and 2016 the most popular overseas destinations for South African émigrés were: 1. Australia (26.0%), 2. United Kingdom (25.0%), 3. United States (13.4%), 4. New Zealand (9.5%), 5. Germany (6.0%), 6. American Samoa (United States territory) (4.4%), 7. United Arab Emirates (4.2%), 8. Cuba (4.0%), 9. Canada (3.0%), and 10. China (2.0%).[16][17][18]

Many White South Africans, most of them skilled, left the country following the 1994 election that represented the end of the Apartheid era, mostly due to a fear of violent crime and a reluctance to live as a minority under a majority black government. Post 1994, there was a boom in black owned businesses aided by government affirmative action programs, and non-whites started to contribute more to the economy of democratic South Africa. Also many other South Africans, especially those of colour remained in exile even post apartheid.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "South African Association of Hong Kong". Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  2. ^ "How many South Africans are moving to Australia". Retrieved 14 April 2020.
  3. ^ "2013 Census totals by topic". Statistics New Zealand. Archived from the original on 13 December 2013. Retrieved 17 March 2014.
  4. ^ "Population; sex, age, migration background and generation, 1 January". Retrieved 28 April 2018.
  5. ^ bq magazine (2014). "Qatar´s population by nationality". Archived from the original on 23 April 2015. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
  6. ^ "Foreign-born population by country/area of birth, age and sex". Retrieved 28 April 2018.
  7. ^ "Census of Population 2016 – Profile 7 Migration and Diversity". Retrieved 28 April 2018.
  8. ^ "Population by country of birth, age and sex. Year 2000 - 2017". Retrieved 28 April 2018.
  9. ^ http://pxnet2.stat.fi/PXWeb/pxweb/fi/StatFin/StatFin__vrm__vaerak/statfin_vaerak_pxt_032.px/?rxid=726cd24d-d0f1-416a-8eec-7ce9b82fd5a4
  10. ^ "How many South Africans are in France and where are they all?". Thelocal.fr. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  11. ^ "Population at the first day of the quarter by country of origin, ancestry, age, sex, region and time". Retrieved 28 April 2018.
  12. ^ "Population by immigrant category and country background". Retrieved 28 April 2018.
  13. ^ "Will the 'Scatterlings of South Africa' return?". South Africa: The Good News. 2006-07-03. Retrieved 2008-09-09.
  14. ^ a b c "OECD emigration database". OECD. Retrieved 2008-09-09.
  15. ^ Australian Government - Department of Immigration and Border Protection. "South African Australians". Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  16. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20180202090200/https://businesstech.co.za/news/government/131802/this-is-who-is-emigrating-from-south-africa-and-where-they-are-going/
  17. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20180202090622/http://city-press.news24.com/News/cheers-south-africa-reasons-behind-spike-in-emigration-20160721
  18. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20180202090757/https://www.fin24.com/BizNews/end-of-the-sa-dream-emigration-stats-show-zim-mozambique-hotspots-20161108