Sotkamo is a municipality of Finland, located in the Kainuu region about 40 kilometres (25 mi) east of Kajaani, the capital of Kainuu. Vuokatti, in west of Sotkamo, is the most populous village in the municipality and also a popular skiing resort. Both Hiidenportti National Park and Tiilikkajärvi National Park are located in the municipality.

Sotkamo
Municipality
Sotkamon kunta
Sotkamo kommun
Street in Sotkamo with Granary Museum
Coat of arms of Sotkamo
Location of Sotkamo in Finland
Location of Sotkamo in Finland
Coordinates: 64°08′N 028°23′E / 64.133°N 28.383°E / 64.133; 28.383Coordinates: 64°08′N 028°23′E / 64.133°N 28.383°E / 64.133; 28.383
Country Finland
RegionKainuu
Sub-regionKajaani
Government
 • Municipality managerMika Kilpeläinen
Area
 (2018-01-01)[1]
 • Total2,951.86 km2 (1,139.72 sq mi)
 • Land2,649.50 km2 (1,022.98 sq mi)
 • Water302.61 km2 (116.84 sq mi)
 • Rank20th largest in Finland
Population
 (2021-12-31)[2]
 • Total10,343
 • Rank95th largest in Finland
 • Density3.9/km2 (10/sq mi)
Population by native language
 • Finnish98.6% (official)
 • Others1.3%
Population by age
 • 0 to 1414.9%
 • 15 to 6458%
 • 65 or older27.1%
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Municipal tax rate[5]19.75%
Websitewww.sotkamo.fi

The municipality has a population of 10,343 (31 December 2021)[2] and covers an area of 2,951.86 square kilometres (1,139.72 sq mi) of which 302.61 km2 (116.84 sq mi) is water.[1] The population density is 3.9 inhabitants per square kilometre (10/sq mi).

In sports, Sotkamo is known for its Finnish baseball team, Sotkamon Jymy. The Hiukka Stadium is the home field of Sotkamon Jymy,[6] and its well-known competitor is Vimpelin Veto from Vimpeli, known as long-time arch-enemy of Sotkamon Jymy.[7]

One of the major landmarks of Sotkamo is the sandy beach of Hiukka, which locates by the lake Iso Sapsojärvi, just beside the Sotkamo center. In Vuokatti ski center you can find the lake Nuasjärvi and the Vuokatti Hill.

HistoryEdit

Sotkamo has grown beside a water route formed by a continuous band of lakes and rivers. The waters of the Sotkamo route run through Kajaaninjoki into Oulujärvi and finally to the Baltic Sea, but in the past the waterways also created an important commercial route to White Sea in the east. The same water route has been used by soldiers of Russia, Sweden and Denmark to rob and ravage this remote countryside for centuries. The name Sotkamo comes either from the Finnish word "sotku" which means a mess and refers to the obscure water route, or from the word "sotka" which was a general name for water birds in ancient Finnish and now designates the common goldeneye.

During the 19th century Sotkamo was visited by notable Finnish artists such as Akseli Gallen-Kallela and Hugo Simberg.

On November 17, 2007 first pictures of the Kern arc were made in the town of Sotkamo by Marko Mikkilä.

VillagesEdit

  • Alasotkamo
  • Heinämäki
  • Halmetvaara
  • Jormaskylä
  • Juholankylä
  • Korholanmäki
  • Kontinjoki
  • Laakajärvi
  • Losovaara
  • Naapurinvaara
  • Nuasjärvi
  • Ontojoki
  • Paakinmäki
  • Pohjavaara
  • Riekinranta
  • Sipinen
  • Sipola
  • Soidinvaara
  • Sumsa
  • Suovaara
  • Tipasoja
  • Torinkylä
  • Tuhkakylä
  • Vuokatti
  • Ylisotkamo
  • Ärväänkylä
  • Maanselkä

EconomyEdit

Beside tourism, mining is important for the economy of Sotkamo. One of the largest nickel deposits in Europe is located in Talvivaara where the Talvivaara Mining Company started its operation in late 2008. Also Mondo Minerals mines talc in Lahnaslampi.

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Preliminary population structure by area, 2021M01*-2021M12*". StatFin (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 February 2022.
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
  4. ^ "Population according to age (1-year) and sex by area and the regional division of each statistical reference year, 2003–2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2021" (PDF). Tax Administration of Finland. 1 December 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  6. ^ Hiukan pesäpallostadion - kattaminen ja muutokset | Sotkamo (in Finnish)
  7. ^ Viiden ottelun sunnuntai Superpesiksessä - Faneille.com (in Finnish)

External linksEdit

  Media related to Sotkamo at Wikimedia Commons