Sonny West (musician)

Joseph "Sonny" West (born July 30, 1937) is an American songwriter and musician, best known as the co-writer of two of Buddy Holly's biggest hits: "Oh, Boy!" and "Rave On".

Sonny West
Sonny West (2010)
Sonny West (2010)
Background information
Birth nameJoseph Sonny West
Born (1937-07-30) July 30, 1937 (age 83)
Lubbock, Texas, U.S.
Genres
Occupation(s)Singer-songwriter, musician
InstrumentsVocals, guitar
Years active1956–1961, 2001-present
LabelsNor-Va-Jak, Atlantic, Rollercoaster, Sleazy, Lance
Associated actsBuddy Holly, The Crickets, Waylon Jennings

Early lifeEdit

Joseph Sonny West was born on July 30, 1937, near Lubbock, Texas, the fifth and youngest child of Joseph William, a sharecropper and Alberta Grimes West.[1][2] The family moved numerous times around Texas and New Mexico, ending up in Levelland, Texas.[3]

Music careerEdit

In 1956 West formed a band with Jimmy Metz (string bass), Doc McKay (drums) and Buddy Smith (guitar).[1] They recorded "Rock-Ola Ruby" and "Sweet Rockin' Baby" at the local radio station KLVT in Levelland.[4] Bob Kaliff, a disc jockey at KLVT, then arranged for West to re-record the two songs at Norman Petty's studio in Clovis, New Mexico. The studio, however, did not have an echo chamber at the time and Petty therefore arranged for the recording to occur at the local Lyceum Theatre,[4] essentially a live recording on an AMPEX recorder, in August 1956.[2] Only 700 copies of the songs were released on Petty's Nor-Va-Jak label.[1][2][5] According to Tom Lincoln and Dick Blackburn's Guide to Rare Rockabilly and Rock and Roll 45 rpms: "Next to Elvis' Sun rockabilly pieces, this may be the next most sought after rockabilly record by collectors".[6] At this time Petty changed the spelling of West's name from Sunny to Sonny.[3] Smith quit the band shortly after the recording session and West took on the responsibility for all guitar playing.[1]

In February 1957 West recorded a song, "All My Love", with McKay (drums), Metz (trumpet), and Glen Dee Hardin (piano). Only a few copies of this recording were made, which were sent to record companies to attract their interest in releasing the record commercially.[1][3] One of the copies was heard by Buddy Holly, who with The Crickets recorded a version of the song at Petty's studios in Lubbock, as "Oh, Boy!" in July 1957. It was subsequently released in October[1] and went on to reach number 10 on the US charts and number 3 on the UK charts in early 1958.[7] The song was attributed to West, Petty, and Bill Tilghman,[4] although according to West it was written by him alone, with Petty requiring his name to be added as part of the commercial contract with Holly.[3] It was not until 2002 that West's version of "All My Love" was commercially released, when it was included on his debut solo album, Sweet Rockin' Rock-Ola Ruby.[4]

At the end of 1957 Petty took over as West's manager and arranged a two-year recording contract with Atlantic Records, with a minimum of four releases.[2] In December that year West recorded "Rave On", which was released on February 17, 1958, with the B-side, "Call on Cupid", on Atlantic Records,[8] but achieved little commercial success.[1] The song was inspired by a line from Carl Perkins' 1956 song "Dixie Fried".[9][10]

On January 25, 1958 Holly recorded a version of "Rave On" at Bell Sound Studios in New York[10] as a track for his debut solo album, Buddy Holly, with Coral Records releasing it as a solo single in April 1958. Although it barely made the top 40, peaking at No. 37 in the United States, it reached No. 5 in England.[7][11][12]

In the spring of 1958 West recorded "Baby Bessie Lee", "Doll Britches" and "Linda Loves a Hula Hoop", backed by Sonny Curtis (guitar), Vi Petty (piano), George Atwood (bass) and McKay/Bo Clarke (drums) at Petty's Clovis Studios.[1] Due to a dispute with Petty over including Petty as a writer in the recording contracts, the songs were never released.[1][2][3] West then moved to Odessa, Texas.[3]

In early 1959 Sonny flew to Phoenix, Arizona, where he recorded two songs, "Love Denied" and "Pretty Little Girl", with Al Casey on guitar.[1] While neither song was released, "Love Denied" was later covered by Waylon Jennings, who also covered "Rave On".[13] In 1961 West and Casey also recorded a version of Freddy Fender's "Wasted Days and Wasted Nights".[1] West sent the tapes to Denver-based Bandbox Records, who had initially offered to finance re-recording the songs, but subsequently changed its mind. Bandbox did however release the demo recordings as a promotional single later that year.[1]

In 2001 West played at a Lubbock fan Fair show, and the following spring recorded new tracks in his own studio.[1] In 2002 West made his European appearance at the Hemsby Rock'n'Roll Weekender.[4][14] He played at the Clovis Music Festival in 2005 which is now an annual event. In 2010 Spanish label Sleazy Records released a compilation album, Big City Woman (which included a vinyl reproduction of his first single, "Rock-Ola Ruby" / "Sweet Rockin' Baby").[15] West released the album Sweet Perfume in September 2011 on Lance Records, comprising his previously recorded songs and including two songs that he had planned to write for Holly back in 1958.[16][17][18][19] His songs have been featured in films and television shows, including Quantum Leap, Happy Days, American Idol, So You Think You Can Dance, Cocktail,[20] Pleasantville,[21] and Glory Road.[2][22]

Awards and honorsEdit

West won a BMI songwriter 'Million-Air' achievement award in 2000 for "Oh, Boy!"; this award is given to a songwriter who has had a song play more than one million times on the radio.[1][5][16][23] In 2011 Rolling Stone ranked "Rave On" as the number 154 greatest song of all time.[7][24] On September 15, 2016 West was inducted into the West Texas Walk of Fame in Lubbock.[7][17]

Personal lifeEdit

In 1962, West married Dorothy "Dottie" Heikkila (1944–2018), a nurse, and started a family; they had five children.[25] He was employed in the jukebox industry, starting his own company before moving to work for a larger company in Albuquerque.[2]

DiscographyEdit

  • "Rock-Ola Ruby" / "Sweet Rockin' Baby" – Nor-Va-Jak (45WA1956) (November 1956) limited release – 700 copies
  • "Rave On" / "Call Me Cupid" – Atlantic (45-1174) (February 1958)
  • "Wasted Days And Wasted Nights" / "Maybe You're The One" – Band Box (LB-2885) (1961) promotional release only
  • Sweet Rockin' Rock-Ola Ruby – Rollercoaster (RCCD 3050) (September 3, 2002)
  • Big City Woman – Sleazy (SR 19-SGCD) (2010) attributed to Sonny West and his Sweet Rockin' Band
  • Sweet Perfume – Lance (L-2017) (September 27, 2011)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Ingman, John (2000). "The Sonny West Story". Retrieved July 10, 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Homer, Sheree (2015). Catch That Rockabilly Fever: Personal Stories of Life on the Road and in the Studio. McFarlane. pp. 102–107. ISBN 9780786458110.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Leigh, Spencer (2019). Buddy Holly: Learning the Game. McNidder & Grace. ISBN 9780857161895.
  4. ^ a b c d e Lees, Graham. "Oh Boy! Sonny West Raves On". Country Music Journal. Retrieved July 14, 2019.
  5. ^ a b "RHOF Inductee:Sonny West". Rockabilly Hall of Fame. Retrieved July 10, 2019.
  6. ^ Lincoln, Tom; Blackburn, Dick (1998). Guide to Rare Rockabilly and Rock N' Roll 45 Rpms. Alabama Free Press.
  7. ^ a b c d Jaklewicz, Greg (September 10, 2016). "This week, music fans will rave on Sonny West". Abilene Reporter News. Retrieved July 10, 2019.
  8. ^ "Out of Texas, A bright new star". Billboard. February 17, 1958. p. 55. Retrieved July 14, 2019.
  9. ^ Sullivan, Steve (2017). Encyclopedia of Great Popular Song Recordings, Volume 3. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 302. ISBN 9781442254497.
  10. ^ a b Amburn, Ellis (2014). Buddy Holly: A Biography. St. Martin's Press. ISBN 9781466868564.
  11. ^ Evans, Richard (2010). The Golden Age of Rock 'N' Roll. Chartwell Books. p. 100. ISBN 9780785826255.
  12. ^ Leszczak, Bob (2014). Who Did It First?: Great Rock and Roll Cover Songs and Their Original Artists. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 174. ISBN 9781442233225.
  13. ^ Betts, Stephen L. (July 9, 2019). "Flashback: Waylon Jennings Signs With A&M, Cuts Haunting 'Love Denied'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved July 10, 2019.
  14. ^ "American Artists". Hemsby Rock'n'Roll Weekender. Retrieved July 13, 2019.
  15. ^ "Big City Woman". Sleazy Records. 2010. Retrieved July 12, 2019.
  16. ^ a b "Sonny West joins the Buddy Holly Educational Foundation as an honored friend Sonny is the writer of "Oh Boy" & "Rave On"". Buddy Holly Educational Foundation. Retrieved July 15, 2019.
  17. ^ a b Eppler, James. "New inductees announced for West Texas Walk of Fame". FOX34. Retrieved July 12, 2019.
  18. ^ Thomas, John (April 2011). "After a Half Century Hiatus, Sonny West Completes Songs for Buddy Holly". Fretboard Journal. Retrieved July 15, 2019.
  19. ^ "Sweet Perfume". Lance Records. 2011. Retrieved July 12, 2019.
  20. ^ "Cocktail - Original Soundtrack". Allmusic. Retrieved August 7, 2019.
  21. ^ "Pleasantville [Original Soundtrack]". Allmusic. Retrieved August 7, 2019.
  22. ^ "Glory Road Soundtrack". SoundtrackInfo. Retrieved August 7, 2019.
  23. ^ "That's New to Me". Rockabilly Hall of Fame. Retrieved July 15, 2019.
  24. ^ "The Rolling Stone Magazine's List of the 500 Greatest Songs of All Time". Rolling Stone. April 7, 2011. Retrieved July 10, 2019.
  25. ^ "Obituary: Dorothy Heikkila "Dottie" West". Abilene Reporter. February 5, 2018. Retrieved July 14, 2019.

Further readingEdit

  • West, Sonny (2002). Sonny West Papers. Southwest Collection/Special Collections Library. Texas Tech University.
  • Specht, Joe W. (2018). Joe W. Specht: An Inventory of His Papers, 1956-2018. Southwest Collection/Special Collections Library. Texas Tech University.