Solms-Braunfels was a County and later Principality with Imperial immediacy in what is today the federal Land of Hesse in Germany.

County (Principality) of Solms-Braunfels
Grafschaft (Fürstentum) Solms-Braunfels
Coat of arms of Solms-Braunfels
Coat of arms
StatusState of the Holy Roman Empire
Common languagesWest Central German
Historical eraMiddle Ages
• Partitioned from Solms
• Partitioned to create

• Partitioned to create Lich
• Partitioned to create
    Greifenstein and Hungen

• Raised to principality
• Mediatised to Austria,
    Hesse, Prussia and
Preceded by
Succeeded by
County of Solms
Archduchy of Austria
Grand Duchy of Hesse
Kingdom of Prussia
Kingdom of Württemberg
Coat of arms of Princes von Solms-Braunfels
Carl of Solms-Braunfels (1812–1875), Founder of New Braunfels, Texas

History edit

Solms-Braunfels was a partition of Solms, ruled by the House of Solms, and was raised to a Principality of the Holy Roman Empire in 1742. The county of Solms-Braunfels was partitioned between: itself and Solms-Ottenstein in 1325; itself and Solms-Lich in 1409; and itself, Solms-Greifenstein and Solms-Hungen in 1592.

Frederick William (1696–1761) was created a Prince of the Holy Roman Empire in 1742, with his younger offspring also bearing the title prince and princess, styled Serene Highness. The Principality of Solms-Braunfels was mediatised to Austria, Hesse-Darmstadt, Prussia and Württemberg in 1806.

Rulers edit

Counts of Solms-Braunfels (1258–1742) edit

  • Henry III, Count 1258–1312 (died 1312), elder son of Henry II, Count of Solms
    • Bernhard I, Count 1312–49 (died 1349), second son of Henry III
      • Otto I, Count 1349–1410 (died 1410)

Princes of Solms-Braunfels (1742–1806) edit

Mediatized Princes of Solms-Braunfels edit

The main branch of the princely House of Solms-Braunfels became extinct with Georg Friedrich Victor in 1970. Braunfels and Hungen Castles including their agricultural and forest estates were inherited by the last Prince's daughter Maria Gabrielle Princess of Solms-Braunfels (1918−2003) and her husband Hans Georg Count von Oppersdorff (1920−2003). Since 1969, they and their offspring bear the name Count/Countess von Oppersdorff-Solms-Braunfels, with consent of the Hessian Ministry of the Interior.

An Austrian side branch (which had owned estates in Bohemia and Hungary until 1945) became extinct in 1989.

References edit