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The Solheim Cup is a biennial golf tournament for professional women golfers contested by teams representing Europe and the United States. It is named after the Norwegian-American golf club manufacturer Karsten Solheim, who was a driving force behind its creation.

Solheim Cup
SolheimCupLogo.svg
Location2019: Perthshire, Scotland
Established1990
Course(s)2019: Gleneagles' PGA Centenary Course
Par2019:
Length2019:
Tour(s)Ladies European Tour
LPGA Tour
FormatMatch play
Prize fundNone
Month playedAugust or September
Europe Europe
2019 Solheim Cup

The inaugural Cup was held in 1990, and the event was staged in even number years until 2002, alternating years with the Ryder Cup (the equivalent men's event). As part of the general reshuffling of team golf events after the one-year postponement of the 2001 Ryder Cup following the September 11 attacks, the Solheim Cup switched to odd numbered years beginning in 2003.

The current holders are Europe, who won at the Gleneagles Hotel in Perthshire, Scotland in 2019. The next contest will be at the Inverness Club in Toledo, Ohio in 2021.

FormatEdit

The cup is played over three days. Since 2002, there have been 28 matches—eight foursomes and eight four-balls played on days 1 and 2, and 12 singles on the final day. This format is also used in the Ryder Cup. Before 1996, and also in 2000, the Solheim Cup used a similar, but abbreviated format.

Year Day 1 Day 2 Day 3 Total
Points
Morning Afternoon Morning Afternoon
1990 4 foursomes 4 fourballs 8 singles 16
1992 4 foursomes 4 fourballs 10 singles 18
1994 5 foursomes 5 fourballs 10 singles 20
1996–1998 4 foursomes 4 fourballs 4 foursomes 4 fourballs 12 singles 28
2000 4 foursomes 4 foursomes 6 fourballs 12 singles 26
2002–
present
4 foursomes 4 fourballs 4 foursomes 4 fourballs 12 singles 28
or or
4 fourballs 4 foursomes 4 fourballs 4 foursomes

There were 8 players in each team in 1990, 10 in 1992 and 1994 and 12 in the contests since then.

Team qualification and selectionEdit

The U.S. team[1] is selected by a points system, with American players on the LPGA Tour receiving points for each top-twenty finish on tour.[2] Through the 2013 event, U.S. citizens born outside the country were ineligible for consideration; beginning in 2015, eligibility for Team USA was expanded to include many more categories of (female) U.S. citizens.[3] For the European team,[4] up to 2005, seven players were selected on a points system based on results on the Ladies European Tour (LET). This allowed top European players who competed mainly on the LPGA Tour to be selected to ensure that the European team was competitive. Since 2007, only the top five players from the LET qualify and another four are selected on the basis of the Women's World Golf Rankings. This reflects the increasing dominance of the LPGA Tour, where almost all top European players spend most of their time.[5] In addition, each team has a number of "captain's picks", players chosen at the discretion of the team captains, regardless of their point standings, though in practice the captain's picks are often the next ranking players.

CaptainsEdit

Team captains are typically recently retired professional golfers with Solheim Cup playing experience, chosen for their experience playing on previous Cup teams and for their ability to lead a team.

ResultsEdit

Year Venue Winning team Score USA captain Europe captain
2019 Gleneagles, Scotland   Europe 14½–13½ Juli Inkster   Catriona Matthew
2017 Des Moines Golf and Country Club, Iowa, USA   United States 16½–11½ Juli Inkster   Annika Sörenstam
2015 Golf Club St. Leon-Rot, Germany   United States 14½–13½ Juli Inkster   Carin Koch
2013 Colorado Golf Club, Colorado, USA   Europe 18–10 Meg Mallon   Liselotte Neumann
2011 Killeen Castle Golf Resort, Ireland   Europe 15–13 Rosie Jones   Alison Nicholas
2009 Rich Harvest Farms, Illinois, USA   United States 16–12 Beth Daniel   Alison Nicholas
2007 Halmstad GK, Sweden   United States 16–12 Betsy King   Helen Alfredsson
2005 Crooked Stick Golf Club, Indiana, USA   United States 15½–12½ Nancy Lopez   Catrin Nilsmark
2003 Barsebäck Golf & Country Club, Sweden   Europe 17½–10½ Patty Sheehan   Catrin Nilsmark
2002 Interlachen Country Club, Minnesota, USA   United States 15½–12½ Patty Sheehan   Dale Reid
2000 Loch Lomond Golf Club, Scotland   Europe 14½–11½ Pat Bradley   Dale Reid
1998 Muirfield Village, Ohio, USA   United States 16–12 Judy Rankin   Pia Nilsson
1996 St Pierre Golf & Country Club, Wales   United States 17–11 Judy Rankin   Mickey Walker
1994 The Greenbrier, West Virginia, USA   United States 13–7 JoAnne Carner   Mickey Walker
1992 Dalmahoy Country Club, Scotland   Europe 11½–6½ Kathy Whitworth   Mickey Walker
1990 Lake Nona Golf & Country Club, Florida, USA   United States 11½–4½ Kathy Whitworth   Mickey Walker

In the sixteen competitions through 2019, the United States leads the series 10 to 6.

Future venuesEdit

Inverness Club located in Toledo, Ohio will host the Cup in 2021; it has previously hosted four U.S. Opens, two PGA Championships, and two U.S. Senior Opens.[6]

RecordsEdit

Sources[7][8][9]

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ "Solheim Cup USA". solheimcupusa.com. Solheim Cup USA. Retrieved 12 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Points distribution for 2009 U.S. Solheim Cup Team qualifying" (PDF). LPGA Tour. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-08-06. Retrieved 2009-08-25.
  3. ^ More specifically, the following groups of women became eligible: "Solheim eligibility criteria changing for U.S. team". Golf Channel. Retrieved 2013-08-16.
  4. ^ SolheimCup2019. "Solheim Cup Europe". solheimcup2019.com. Solheim Cup Europe. Retrieved 12 March 2019.
  5. ^ "Solheim selection process changes". BBC Sport. 2006-04-18. Retrieved 2007-04-24.
  6. ^ "Inverness Club Wins Coveted Bid for 2021 Solheim Cup". LPGA. 2016-11-09. Retrieved 2016-11-09.
  7. ^ The Solheim Cup All-Time Records Archived 2013-10-29 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ Solheim Cup Records
  9. ^ The Solheim Cup - Match history & records

External linksEdit