Forrest Harrill "Smoky" Burgess (February 6, 1927 – September 15, 1991), was an American professional baseball catcher / pinch hitter, coach, and scout, who played in Major League Baseball (MLB) from 1949 to 1967. A nine-time All-Star, Burgess became known, later in his career, for his abilities as an elite pinch hitter, setting the MLB career record for career pinch-hits with 145. During his playing days, he stood 5 feet 8 inches (1.73 m) tall, weighing 188 pounds (85 kg). Burgess batted left-handed and threw right-handed.
Burgess in about 1953.
|Born: February 6, 1927|
Caroleen, North Carolina
|Died: September 15, 1991 (aged 64)|
Rutherfordton, North Carolina
|April 19, 1949, for the Chicago Cubs|
|Last MLB appearance|
|October 1, 1967, for the Chicago White Sox|
|Runs batted in||673|
|Career highlights and awards|
Born in Caroleen, North Carolina, Burgess was signed as an amateur free agent by the Chicago Cubs in 1944. In 1947, he led the Tri-State League with a .387 batting average. Burgess followed that by leading (minimum 100 games played) the Southern Association with a .386 average, in 1948. He made his major league debut at the age of 22 with the Chicago Cubs on April 19, 1949. In October 1951, Burgess was traded to the Cincinnati Reds, who promptly traded him to the Philadelphia Phillies for catcher Andy Seminick before the start of the 1952 season. With the Phillies, he platooned alongside the right-handed-hitting Stan Lopata. Burgess had his best season in 1954, when he had a .368 batting average in 108 games for the Phillies, earning his first All-Star Game selection.
At the beginning of the 1955 season, Burgess was once again traded for Andy Seminick and returned to Cincinnati, where he finally got the chance to play every day. He rose to the occasion, hitting for a .306 batting average for the rest of the season along with 20 home runs and 77 runs batted in, gaining his second consecutive berth on the National League All-Star team. On July 29, 1955, Burgess hit three home runs and had nine runs batted in during a game against the Pittsburgh Pirates. He began the 1956 season as the Reds' starting catcher, but when the team faltered early in the season, Reds manager Birdie Tebbetts decided to shake things up, and replaced Burgess with a younger man, Ed Bailey.
In 1959, Burgess was traded along with Harvey Haddix and Don Hoak to the Pittsburgh Pirates for Frank Thomas, Whammy Douglas, Jim Pendleton and John Powers. He was the Pirates catcher on May 26, 1959 when Haddix took a perfect game into the 13th inning against the Milwaukee Braves, before losing the game. Burgess also won a World Series with the Pirates in 1960, batting .333 in the seven-game series.
By 1963, Jim Pagliaroni had taken over as the Pirates' starting catcher and in late 1964, Burgess was acquired by the Chicago White Sox, who were in the middle of a heated pennant race. In his first plate appearance with the White Sox, on September 15, against the Detroit Tigers, he hit a game-tying home run off pitcher Dave Wickersham. Over the next three years, Burgess was used almost exclusively as a pinch hitter, appearing in just 7 games behind the plate. In 1966, he set a Major League record which still stands for the most games in a season (79) by a non-pitcher who did not score a run.
During an 18-year major league career, Burgess played in 1,691 games, hitting for a .295 career batting average, with 126 home runs, 673 RBI, and a .362 on-base percentage. He accumulated 1,318 career hits, with 230 doubles, and 33 triples. His .295 career batting average ranked him 10th among Major League catchers, as of 2009. A six-time All-Star, Burgess led National League (NL) catchers in fielding percentage three times, in 1953, 1960, and 1961. He recorded a career .988 fielding percentage. His Major League record of 145 career pinch hits was broken by Manny Mota, in 1979. Along with Curt Simmons, he was the last player to formally retire, who had played in the major leagues in the 1940s (not counting Minnie Miñoso, who un-retired twice).
- Press, The Associated. "Forrest (Smoky) Burgess; Baseball Player, 64".
- George Vass, Baseball Digest, November 2004, Vol. 63, No. 11, ISSN 0005-609X
- Jerry Beach, Baseball Digest, June 1999, Vol. 58, No. 6, ISSN 0005-609X
- "Smoky Burgess Stats". baseball-reference.com. Sports Reference LLC.
- Inc., Baseball Almanac. "Smoky Burgess Trades and Transactions by Baseball Almanac". www.baseball-almanac.com.
- "1947 Tri-State League Batting Leaders - Baseball-Reference". baseball-reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved April 16, 2019.
- "1948 Southern Association Batting Leaders - Baseball-Reference". baseball-reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved April 16, 2019.
- Ed Rumill (December 1963). "Catcher With The Highest Average". Baseball Digest. Vol. 10. ISSN 0005-609X.
- "1954 All-Star Game Box Score, July 13 - Baseball-Reference.com". Baseball-Reference.com.
- "1955 All-Star Game Box Score, July 12 - Baseball-Reference.com". Baseball-Reference.com.
- "Pittsburgh Pirates at Cincinnati Redlegs Box Score, July 29, 1955 - Baseball-Reference.com". Baseball-Reference.com.
- Bob Pile (August 1956). "Bailey- Next Catching Great?". Baseball Digest. Vol. 15 no. 7. ISSN 0005-609X.
- "Pittsburgh Pirates at Milwaukee Braves Box Score, May 26, 1959 - Baseball-Reference.com". Baseball-Reference.com.
- "Harvey Haddix Perfect Game Box Score by Baseball Almanac". www.baseball-almanac.com.
- "1960 World Series - Pittsburgh Pirates over New York Yankees (4-3) - Baseball-Reference.com". Baseball-Reference.com.
- "Chicago White Sox at Detroit Tigers Box Score, September 15, 1964 - Baseball-Reference.com". Baseball-Reference.com.
- Preston, JG. "Nobody drove them in: the unusual seasons of Ron Northey, Bob Nieman and Smoky Burgess". prestonjg.wordpress.com. Retrieved 4 November 2015.
- "Encyclopedia of Baseball Catchers Career Batting Leaders". members.tripod.com. Retrieved April 16, 2019.
- "Hall of Fame & Museum - Reds Hall of Famers". Cincinnati Reds.
- Smoky Burgess at the North Carolina Sports Hall of Fame Archived 2010-11-27 at the Wayback Machine
- Career statistics and player information from MLB, or ESPN, or Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or Baseball-Reference (Minors), or Retrosheet
- Smoky Burgess at SABR (Baseball BioProject)
- Smoky Burgess at The Deadball Era
- Smoky Burgess at Find a Grave
- Smoky Burgess obituary at the New York Times
- "Catcher With A Belly", by Frank Yeutter, Baseball Digest, May 1953
- "Let Me Have Men About Me That Are Fat...", by Walter Bingham, Sports Illustrated, June 22, 1959
- "Catcher With The Highest Average", by Ed Rumill, Baseball Digest, December 1963
- "The Buddha with the Clutch Touch", by Francis Stan, Baseball Digest, July 1966