Smith & Wesson Model 586
The Smith & Wesson Model 586, is a six- or seven-shot double-action revolver chambered for the .357 Magnum cartridge; it will also chamber and fire .38 Special cartridges. The Model 586 has a carbon steel construction and is available in a blued or nickel finish; it is essentially the same firearm as the Model 686, which has stainless steel construction. It is also known as the Distinguished Combat Magnum.
|Smith & Wesson Model 586|
|Place of origin||United States|
|Manufacturer||Smith & Wesson|
|Variants||586-(1 through 8)|
686 (stainless steel)
|Action||Double action and single action|
|Feed system||6-round or 7-round cylinder|
|Sights||Adjustable rear open sights|
In addition to being able to chamber and fire .357 Magnum cartridges, the 586 will chamber and fire .38 Special cartridges as well as .38 Special +P (overpressure ammunition). The 586 has been available with 2½ in, 3 in, 4 in, 6 in, and 8⅜ in (64, 76, 102, 153, and 214 mm) barrel lengths as standard models and other barrel lengths either by special order from S&W's Performance Center custom shop, or acquired from or built by after-market gunsmiths. The barrel has a twist rate of 1/18.75 for the 158 grain bullet.
The Model 586 uses S&W's L (medium) revolver frame, with a K-frame-sized grip mated to a larger diameter cylinder. During the 1980s, Smith & Wesson developed its L-frame line of .357 Magnums: the Model 581, Model 586, Model 681, and Model 686. The Model 581 had a fixed notch type rear sight, whereas the 586 used a target style adjustable rear sight. These handguns had a major effect on both law enforcement and sporting markets. The 586 was introduced in 1980, while the 581 was discontinued in 1988.
The K-frame guns, though popular with police departments, were felt to be too light for full-power .357 ammunition, and a heavier and more durable gun was desired, in the same frame size. (This would avoid the complaints attaching to the larger, heavier N-frame Model 29 and Model 58.) Designed with input from official S&W historian Roy Jinks, the L-frame was the result, and it quickly gained praise from policemen and hunters.
The 586 was discontinued in 1999. After a 13-year absence, it was reintroduced in 2012 with the aforementioned safety modifications, plus an improved yoke, as the 586-8 variant. These are produced with 4- and 6-inch barrel lengths, as part of Smith & Wesson's Classic line of revolvers.
Engineering and production changesEdit
- 586 (no dash), 1980 Introduction model
- 586-1, 1986 radius stud package, floating hand
- 586-2, 1987 changed hammer nose, bushing and associated parts
- 586-M, 1987 Product warning by S&W: M over stamped to signify a modification by factory or warranty station for 586 and 586-1
- 586-3, 1988 new yoke retention system
- 586-4, 1993 change rear sight leaf, drill and tap frame, change extractor, Hogue grips
- 586-5, 1997 delete 8 3/8" barrel/change to MIM thumbpiece/Ship with Master trigger locks
- 586-6, 1997 change frame design to eliminate cylinder stop stud, eliminate serrated tangs, MIM hammer and trigger, change to internal lock.
- 586-7, 2004 Performance Center .38 Super, 6-Shot unfluted cylinder, 4" barrel, Stainless Steel, 250 Made, seven shot with internal lock
- 586-8, 2012 Reintroduction as a Classic Series with internal lock 6-shot 4" and 6" RR, WO TS SB
In 1987, seven years after the release of the Model 686, there were reports of cylinder binding with some types of standard .357 Magnum ammunition for L-frame revolvers manufactured before August 1987. S&W put out a product warning and authorized a no-charge upgrade to make modifications to the revolver. All recalled and reworked guns were stamped with an M marking, signifying that they had been recalled and repaired; thus it is known as the M modification for all 686, 686-1, 586-1, and 586-2 revolvers.
- Standard Catalog of Smith & Wesson; 3rd Edition (Gun Digest Books, 2006)[page needed]
- "Smith & Wesson's .41 Magnum", Free Patriot Web site. Accessed August 6, 2008.
- Supica, Jim; Hahas, Richard (2016). Standard Catalog of Smith and Wesson (4th ed.). Iola, WI: Gun Digest. p. 298. ISBN 978-1-4402-4563-3. Retrieved 6 January 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Product Warning, Popular Mechanics, January 1988, p. 11.