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Slaton is a city in Lubbock County, Texas, United States. The population was 6,121 at the 2010 census.[3] Slaton is part of the Lubbock Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Slaton, Texas
Mural in downtown Slaton
Mural in downtown Slaton
Motto(s): 
"Your Kind of Town"
Map of Texas
Map of Texas
Slaton
Coordinates: 33°26′14″N 101°38′37″W / 33.43722°N 101.64361°W / 33.43722; -101.64361Coordinates: 33°26′14″N 101°38′37″W / 33.43722°N 101.64361°W / 33.43722; -101.64361[1]
Country United States
State Texas
CountyLubbock
RegionLlano Estacado
EstablishedJune 15, 1911
Founded byO. L. Slaton
Government
 • MayorD.W. "Dubbin" Englund
Area
 • Total5.5 sq mi (14.3 km2)
 • Land5.5 sq mi (14.2 km2)
 • Water0.04 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation
3,084 ft (940 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total6,121
 • Density1,100/sq mi (430/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
ZIP code
79364
Area code(s)806
FIPS code48-68180[2]
WebsiteChamber of Commerce
New Slaton municipal building
Slaton Museum
The Slaton Bakery is one of the better-known businesses in the community.
Downtown Slaton

HistoryEdit

Slaton was named for Lubbock rancher and banker O.L. Slaton, Sr. (1867–1946), who promoted railroad construction in Slaton.[4]

GeographyEdit

Slaton is on the level plains of the Llano Estacado. The nearest significant geographical feature is Yellow House Canyon, which is 3 miles (5 km) to the northeast. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 5.5 square miles (14.3 km2), of which 5.5 square miles (14.2 km2) are land and 0.039 square miles (0.1 km2), or 0.56%, is covered by water.[3]

ClimateEdit

According to the Köppen climate classification system, Slaton has a semiarid climate, BSk on climate maps.[5]

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
19201,525
19303,876154.2%
19403,587−7.5%
19505,03640.4%
19606,56830.4%
19706,5830.2%
19806,8043.4%
19906,078−10.7%
20006,1090.5%
20106,1210.2%
Est. 20185,904[6]−3.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

As of the census[2] of 2000, 6,109 people, 2,253 households, and 1,610 families resided in the city. The population density was 1,126.7 people per square mile (435.2/km²). The 2,565 housing units averaged 473.1 per square mile (182.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 72.35% White, 7.76% African American, 0.59% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 17.07% from other races, and 1.98% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 42.27% of the population.

Of the 2,253 households, 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.0% were married couples living together, 15.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.5% were not families. About 25.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.22.

In the city, the population was distributed as 29.0% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 23.5% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 16.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.7 males. For every 100 women age 18 and over, there were 83.7 men.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,915, and for a family was $31,224. Males had a median income of $26,696 versus $20,601 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,087. About 21.6% of families and 23.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.7% of those under age 18 and 16.4% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and cultureEdit

Harvey House of SlatonEdit

In 1912, the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe railroad, through reorganization now the Burlington Northern Santa Fe, opened a depot in Slaton. Until 1969, the train station offered passengers meals and hospitality through the Fred Harvey Company. The company advertised for "Young women, 18 to 30 years of age, of good moral character, attractive and intelligent, as waitresses in the Havey Eating Houses on the Santa Fe Railroad in the West."[8]

Other ATSF depots were in Amarillo, Brownwood, Gainesville, Temple, and El Paso, Texas, and in Clovis, New Mexico. After the passenger service ended, the railroad used the depot, located at 400 Railroad Avenue, for offices, training rooms, train crew-staging areas, and storage, but abandoned the building in the late 1980s. The railroad still passes by the depot. The remaining structure, known as the Harvey House, was marked for demolition, but a citizens' committee launched a nearly two-decade effort to preserve and restore it. The former depot, which calls itself "The Jewel on the Plains", can be rented for parties with catered meals and occasional entertainment options. The upstairs area, which was the living quarters of the Harvey girls' when it was a restaurant in the early 20th century, is now a fully operational bed and breakfast. The downstairs area hosts a small railroad collection museum.[9] The West Texas Historical Association toured the Harvey House during its 2009 annual meeting in Lubbock.

Art on the SquareEdit

Several new art galleries and antique shops are on the square surrounding City Hall. Some are only open limited hours and for special events, but several are open for extended hours. Multiplicity Art Gallery, opened May 2012, has art in a diverse range of styles and price ranges. It also plays host to workshops and classes. SouthPaws and the Antique Mall are also open for extended hours.[citation needed]

EducationEdit

The City of Slaton is served by the Slaton Independent School District.

InfrastructureEdit

Major roads and highwaysEdit

Special eventsEdit

 
South Plains Airshow held at the Slaton airport

The Caprock Classic Car Club Show and Cruise takes place every third Saturday in July. The annual event showcases classic and refurbished cars and trucks. Set up around the town square, the event includes music, arts and crafts, food, and more www.slatonchamberofcommerce.org. The July 4th Festival takes place at the Slaton Park, where area musicians perform on an outdoor stage. The park is filled with games, rides, food, and more. The South Plains Air Show is a biannual event taking place the first weekend of June in odd-number years. Hosted by the Texas Air Museum Caprock Chapter, the show takes place at the Slaton Municipal Airport. Re-enactments and aerobatic performances are scheduled www.thetexasairmuseum.org. The St. Joseph Sausage Fest is put on every October by St. Joseph's Catholic School. The event has been held annually since 1969 and is the school's primary fundraiser. Volunteers make 8,000-9,500 pounds of sausage to sell at the weekend-long event.[10]

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Slaton". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Slaton city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved January 18, 2013.
  4. ^ "Profile for Slaton, Texas, TX". ePodunk. Retrieved July 27, 2012.
  5. ^ Climate Summary for Slaton, Texas
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved September 8, 2019.
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  8. ^ Sheila Wood Foard, Harvey Girl, Lubbock: Texas Tech University Press, 2006
  9. ^ "Dolores Mossser, Harvey House of Slaton, Texas". harveyhouseofslatontx.com. Retrieved April 17, 2009.
  10. ^ KCBD, October 15, 2010

External linksEdit