The Skagen railway line (Danish: Skagensbanen) is a 39.7 km (24.7 mi) long standard gauge single track railway line between Skagen and Frederikshavn in Vendsyssel, Denmark. The railway links the fishing port and seaside resort of Skagen with the Danish rail network.
|Rolling stock||Siemens Desiro|
|Opened||24 July 1890|
|Line length||39.7 km (24.7 mi)|
|Number of tracks||1|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in)|
|Operating speed||100 km/h (62 mph) (Frederikshavn–Hulsig)|
120 km/h (75 mph) (Hulsig–Skagen)
The railway line opened as a narrow gauge railway in 1890 and was converted to standard gauge in 1924. It is currently owned and operated by the railway company Nordjyske Jernbaner (NJ) which runs frequent local train services from Skagen station to Frederikshavn station with onward connections from Frederikshavn to the rest of Denmark.
Work on the railway line started on 26 July 1889, and was completed on 16 March 1890. It was opened on 24 July 1890 in the presence of King Christian IX, Crown Prince Frederick, and the Interior Minister Hans Peter Ingerslev. Operations on the line commenced the following day with two trains daily in each direction.
Until 1924 it was a narrow gauge railway, with a maximum speed of 30 km/h (19 mph). In 1924 the railway line was converted to standard gauge to avoid the need to transfer cargoes of fish in Frederikshavn. As a consequence of the conversion, the layout of Skagen station was extensively changed. As part of the conversion, the right-of-way between Frederikshavn and Rimmen halt was changed so the railway line passed by the coastal town of Strandby instead of the inland village of Elling.
In 2001, the operating company Skagensbanen A/S (SB) merged with Hjørring Privatbaner A/S (HP) to form the railway company Nordjyske Jernbaner (NJ). With headquarters in Hjørring, the company is now responsible for running the Hjørring–Hirtshals and Frederikshavn–Skagen lines.
The Skagen line runs north from Frederikshavn, following the tracks of the Vendsyssel Line out of the city. As the Vendsyssel Line branches west towards Hjørring, the Skagen Line continues north following the curve of the coast line of the Ålbæk Bay, serving the towns of Strandby, Jerup and Ålbæk. From Ålbæk the line continues north, passing through Bunken Plantation, Hulsig Heath and Skagen Plantation before passing through the western part of Skagen to reach its terminus in central Skagen.
The railway company Nordjyske Jernbaner (NJ) operating in the North Jutland Region runs frequent local train services from Skagen station to Frederikshavn station with onward connections from Frederikshavn to Aalborg and the rest of Denmark.
In 2005, NJ replaced the bus connections between Skagen and Frederikshavn with more frequent train connections.
|Frederikshavnsvej||38.0||0.8||opened in 1992|
- "Om Nordjyske Jernbaner" (in Danish). Nordjyske Jernbaner. Retrieved 22 July 2019.
- "Line information (TIB)" (in Danish). Nordjyske Jernbaner. Retrieved 23 July 2019.
- Jensen (1976), p. 24; Gregersen et al, p. 10
- Jensen (1976), p. 21; Gregersen et al, p. 11
- Gregersen et al, p. 11
- Jensen (1976), p. 24
- Jensen (1976), p. 25
- "Nordjyske Jernbaner A/S". Central Business Register (CVR). Retrieved 14 October 2018.
- "Historien bag Nordjyske Jernbaner" (in Danish). Nordjyske Jernbaner. Retrieved 23 July 2019.
- Jensen, Niels (1972). Danske Jernbaner 1847–1892 (in Danish). Copenhagen: J.Fr. Clausens Forlag. ISBN 87-11-01765-1.
- Jensen, Niels (1976). Nordjyske jernbaner (in Danish). Copenhagen: J.Fr. Clausens Forlag. ISBN 87-11-03756-3.
- Gregersen, A.; Holtrup, Ulf; Hjermind, P. (1965). SB gennem 75 år (PDF) (in Danish). Jernbanehistorisk Selskab.
- Plum, Ole Chr. M.; Wilcke, Birger (1990). Skagensbanen (in Danish). Copenhagen: Dansk Jernbane-Klub. ISBN 8787050315.
- Thomassen, P.; Wilcke, B. (1965). Skagensbanen, 1890 – 24. juli – 1965 (in Danish). Hellerup: Dansk Jernbane-Klub.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Skagensbanen.|
- (in Danish) Nordjyske Jernbaner – Danish railway company operating in North Jutland Region
- (in Danish) Danske Jernbaner – website with information on railway history in Denmark
- (in Danish) Nordjyllands Jernbaner – website with information on railway history in North Jutland
- (in Danish) Skagensiden.dk – website with information on Skagen