Sir Thomas Mackworth, 4th Baronet

Sir Thomas Mackworth, 4th Baronet (died 1745) of Normanton Hall, Rutland was a British landowner and politician who sat in the English House of Commons between 1694 and 1708 and in the British House of Commons between 1713 and 1727. He was a speculator in mining.

Normanton Hall, Rutland - the Mackworth family seat

BiographyEdit

Mackworth was the only surviving son of Sir Thomas Mackworth, 3rd Baronet and his second wife Anne Mackworth, daughter of Colonel Humphrey Mackworth, of Betton, Shropshire. His father died in November 1694 and he succeeded to his estates, his seat in Parliament and the baronetcy.[1]

Mackworth was returned unopposed as Member of Parliament for Rutland at a by-election on 17 December 1694 following the death of his father. He did not stand for election in 1695 but was High Sheriff of Rutland for the year 1696 to 1697. At the first general election in 1701 Mackworth was returned unopposed as MP for Rutland and was returned again in the second general election of 1701, 1702 and 1705. He did not stand in the general elections in 1708 and 1710.[2]

He became involved with his cousin Sir Humphrey Mackworth in mining and smelting ventures in south Wales and acted as a partner when Sir Humphrey bought some lead mines formerly owned by Sir Carbery Pryse, 4th Baronet and when the Company of Mine Adventurers was floated in 1698. He was a director of the company from the outset. In 1704 the Company of Mine Adventurers received a Royal Charter, but by 1710 was running into financial difficulties which resulted in a parliamentary enquiry. Mackworth pleaded lack of financial expertise and lack of involvement in the decisions that led to failure, but was debarred from being a Director of the Company.

At the 1713 general election he was returned on behalf of the administration as MP for Portsmouth, but did not stand for Parliament in 1715. It was said in 1716 that he had profited greatly by shrewd investments at the time of the Jacobite rebellion. He invested further in the Company of Mine Adventurers, of which he became a Director again in 1721. He was returned unopposed for Rutland as a Tory at a by-election on 5 April 1721 and headed the poll in 1722. However, he was ruined financially by the cost of this contest and his estates including Normanton Hall were sold by order of the court of Chancery to pay his debts, He did not stand at the 1727 general election. On a visit to Paris in 1729 he expressed strong pro-Jacobite sentiments.[3]

Private lifeEdit

Mackworth died unmarried at Kentish Town in North London in February 1745, leaving most of his property to his sisters, and the baronetcy passed to a cousin Thomas Mackworth, an apothecary in Huntingdon He also left some property in trust for a supposed illegitimate son, Thomas Mackworth.[2][3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ John Burke, Sir Bernard Burke, Bernard Burke (1841). A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Extinct and Dormant Baronetcies of England, Ireland and Scotland. Scott, Webster, and Geary. p. 331. Retrieved 25 September 2018.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. ^ a b "MACKWORTH, Sir Thomas (aft.1666-1745), of Normanton, Rutland". History of Parliament Online (1690-1715). Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  3. ^ a b "MACKWORTH, Sir Thomas, 4th Bt. (d.1745), of Normanton, Rutland". History of Parliament Online (1715-1754). Retrieved 27 September 2018.
Parliament of England
Preceded by
Bennet Sherard
Sir Thomas Mackworth
Member of Parliament for Rutland
1694–1695
With: Bennet Sherard
Succeeded by
Bennet Sherard
Lord Burghley
Preceded by
Richard Halford
Lord Burghley
Member of Parliament for Rutland
1701–1708
With: Richard Halford
Succeeded by
Richard Halford
Philip Sherard
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Admiral Sir James Wishart
Sir William Gifford
Member of Parliament for Portsmouth
17131715
With: Admiral Sir James Wishart
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Wager
Sir Edward Ernle, Bt
Preceded by
Lord Finch
Marquess of Granby
Member of Parliament for Rutland
1721–1727
With: Lord Finch
Succeeded by
Lord Finch
John Noel
Baronetage of England
Preceded by
Sir Thomas Mackworth
Baronet
(of Normanton)
1694-1745
Succeeded by
Sir Thomas Mackworth, 5th Baronet