Daniel Finch, 8th Earl of Winchilsea

Daniel Finch, 8th Earl of Winchilsea and 3rd Earl of Nottingham (24 May 1689 – 2 August 1769), KG, PC, of Burley House near Oakham in Rutland and of Eastwell Park near Ashford in Kent, was a British peer and politician.

The Earl of Winchilsea
Daniel Finch (1689-1769), 8th Earl of Winchilsea, 3rd Earl of Nottingham, by Thomas Worlidge.jpg
Daniel Finch, 8th Earl of Winchilsea, 3rd Earl of Nottingham, portrait by Thomas Worlidge
Lord President of the Council
In office
12 July 1765 – 30 July 1766
MonarchGeorge III
Prime MinisterThe Marquess of Rockingham
Preceded byThe Duke of Bedford
Succeeded byThe Earl of Northington
Member of the England Parliament
for Rutland
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Personal details
Born
Daniel Finch

(1689-05-24)24 May 1689
Died2 August 1769(1769-08-02) (aged 80)
Resting placeEastwell, Kent, England
Spouses
  • Frances Feilding
  • Mary Palmer
Children9 daughters
Parents

OriginsEdit

 
Burley House near Oakham in Rutland, built in the 1690s by Daniel Finch, 2nd Earl of Nottingham

Styled by the courtesy title Lord Finch until 1730, he was the eldest son and heir of Daniel Finch, 2nd Earl of Nottingham of Burley, by his second wife Anne Hatton, a daughter of Christopher Hatton, 1st Viscount Hatton. His father was a prominent Tory politician who had been one of the few leading Tories to actively support the Hanoverian succession.

CareerEdit

In 1710 he was elected (as Lord Finch and aged 21), as a Member of Parliament for Rutland and served as Comptroller of the Royal Household from 1725 to 1730. He held the seat until he succeeded to the Earldom in 1730 (necessitating his move to the House of Lords). In 1739 he supported the founding of the Foundling Hospital in London, a charity providing home and education for some of the capital's many abandoned children, and was one of the original governors.

Although his father had been a supporter of Walpole, Winchilsea became instead a supporter of Lord Carteret in the so-called "Patriot Opposition". When Carteret became leading minister in 1742, Winchilsea joined him, becoming First Lord of the Admiralty (1742–1744). Later on, he allied himself with the Duke of Newcastle and the Old Whigs, and served as Lord President of the Council in the Rockingham administration (1765–1766). He was made a Knight of the Garter in 1752.[1]

Marriages & issueEdit

 
Mary Palmer, Countess of Winchilsea and Nottingham (c. 1712–57), portrait by Enoch Seeman

He married twice but failed to produce male issue:

Death & burialEdit

He died in 1769 and was buried at Eastwell Church, near his residence. As he died without male issue his titles, together with his estates at Burley and elsewhere, passed to his nephew George Finch, 9th Earl of Winchilsea, the son of his brother the diplomat William Finch.[1] He left his Kentish properties, including Eastwell Park, to his other nephew George Finch-Hatton, son of his brother Edward Finch.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "Winchilsea, Earl of (E, 1628)". cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Heraldic Media Limited. Archived from the original on 8 August 2021. Retrieved 17 June 2020.
  2. ^ The New Peerage; Or, Present State of the Nobility of England, Volume 1, 1769, p. 77
  3. ^ The Third Register Book of the Parish of St James in the Liberty of Westminster For Births & Baptisms. 1723-1741. 2 January 1739.
  4. ^ The Third Register Book of the Parish of St James in the Liberty of Westminster For Births & Baptisms. 1723-1741. 30 November 1740.
  5. ^ The Register of Births & Baptisms in the Parish of St James within the Liberty of Westminster Vol. IV. 1741-1760. 27 December 1741.
  6. ^ The Register of Births & Baptisms in the Parish of St James within the Liberty of Westminster Vol. IV. 1741-1760. 9 June 1743.
  7. ^ The Register of Births & Baptisms in the Parish of St James within the Liberty of Westminster Vol. IV. 1741-1760. 8 August 1744.
  8. ^ The Register of Births & Baptisms in the Parish of St James within the Liberty of Westminster Vol. IV. 1741-1760. 31 January 1745.
  9. ^ The Register of Births & Baptisms in the Parish of St James within the Liberty of Westminster Vol. IV. 1741-1760. 20 March 1746.
  10. ^ The Register of Births & Baptisms in the Parish of St James within the Liberty of Westminster Vol. IV. 1741-1760. 14 March 1750.

External linksEdit

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Rutland
1710–1730
With: John Noel 1710–1711, 1715–1719
Richard Halford 1711–1713
The Lord Sherard 1713–1715
Marquess of Granby 1719–1721
Sir Thomas Mackworth, Bt 1721–1727
John Noel 1727–1728
Thomas Noel 1728–1730
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by Comptroller of the Household
1725–1730
Succeeded by
Preceded by First Lord of the Admiralty
1742–1744
Succeeded by
Preceded by First Lord of the Admiralty
1757
Succeeded by
Preceded by Lord President of the Council
1765–1766
Succeeded by
Honorary titles
Preceded by Senior Privy Counsellor
1768–1769
Succeeded by
Peerage of England
Preceded by Earl of Winchilsea
1730–1769
Succeeded by
Earl of Nottingham
7th creation
1730–1769