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Siju Cave, also known as Bat Cave in English, is located in the North East Indian state of Meghalaya near the Napak Lake and Simsang River game reserve. It is a limestone cave and is famous for its stalagmites and stalactites.
The Siju cave-system is more than 4 kilometres long, but nearly all of it is filled with water and inaccessible. The limestone hills of Meghalaya receive a lot of rain and moisture and holds many other cave-systems, some of them much longer and larger than Siju, but Siju Cave is among the most thoroughly researched and explored systems.
In 1927, it was found that the Siju caves have a constant temperature of 21–26.4 °C.
Biodiversity and faunistic compositionEdit
- Arachnida: Opilionida, Schizomida
- Myriapoda: Diplopoda Julida, Decapoda Natantia
- Crustacea: Isopoda Oniscidea
- Collembola: Entomobryomorpha
- Insecta: Orthoptera
- Stanley Kemp (1924). Rhynchota of the Siju Cave, Garo Hills, Assam (PDF).
- The Indian Encyclopaedia, Volume 1. Genesis Publishing Pvt Ltd. p. 6573. ISBN 9788177552577.
- Biospeleology: The Biology of Cavernicolous animals. Elsevier. p. 309. ISBN 9781483185132.
- Encyclopedia of Caves. Academic Press. 2012. p. 245. ISBN 9780123838322.
- "Meghalaya: Visit Asia's cleanest village & meet the flurry red panda". The Economic Times.
- Meghalaya Tourism: Siju Cave
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