Siege of Philippsburg (1676)

The siege of Philippsburg was a siege of the fortress of Philippsburg during the Franco-Dutch War.

Siege of Philippsburg
Part of the Franco-Dutch War

The siege of Philippsburg
Date23 June 1676 (1676-06-23) – 17 September 1676 (1676-09-17) (2 months, 3 weeks and 4 days)
Location49°14′12.98″N 8°27′16.99″E / 49.2369389°N 8.4547194°E / 49.2369389; 8.4547194
Result Imperial victory
 Holy Roman Empire  France
Commanders and leaders
Charles V of Lorraine
Frederick VI, Margrave of Baden-Durlach
Charles de Faultrier du Fay
40,000 2,800
Casualties and losses
Unknown 1,300
Siege of Philippsburg (1676) is located in Baden-Württemberg
Siege of Philippsburg (1676)
Location within Baden-Württemberg
Siege of Philippsburg (1676) is located in Germany
Siege of Philippsburg (1676)
Siege of Philippsburg (1676) (Germany)
Siege of Philippsburg (1676) is located in Europe
Siege of Philippsburg (1676)
Siege of Philippsburg (1676) (Europe)

History edit

In French hands since 1644 - with Breisach, it was then their only bridgehead on the east bank of the River Rhine and so Vauban had fortified it. This made it a constant threat to the Holy Roman Empire's west flank and at the outbreak of the Franco-Dutch War it became the jumping off point for several French incursions into the Palatinate and Neckar area. The garrisons of its outlying towns of Kißlau, Schwetzingen and Bruchsal were destroyed in spring 1676 and the Empire decided to lay siege to the fortress itself.

Charles V, Duke of Lorraine began the siege with a 40,000 strong imperial force on 23 June.[1] The French commander Charles de Faultrier du Fay had just under 2,800 men and a French relief effort failed, leading to du Fay's surrender on 17 September. Only 1,500 French troops survived but these were allowed to march out with full military honours. 3,000 imperial troops were put in place to garrison the fortress, which remained in Imperial hands until its French recapture in 1688.

Citations edit

  1. ^ Bodart 1908, p. 100.

References edit

  • Bodart, Gaston (1908). Militär-historisches Kriegs-Lexikon (1618-1905) [Military-Historical War Lexicon (1618-1905)]. C. W. Stern.   (in German)

External links edit