Philippsburg

Philippsburg (German pronunciation: [ˈfɪlɪpsˌbʊʁk] (listen)) is a town in the district of Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany.

Philippsburg
Philippsburg Bf.jpg
Coat of arms of Philippsburg
Location of Philippsburg within Karlsruhe district
Karlsdorf-NeuthardMalschMalschBrettenBruchsalBruchsalEttlingenForst (Baden)GondelsheimHambrückenKronauKürnbachMarxzellOberderdingenÖstringenPhilippsburgSulzfeldUbstadt-WeiherWalzbachtalWeingarten (Baden)ZaisenhausenKarlsbad (Baden)KraichtalGraben-NeudorfBad SchönbornPfinztalEggenstein-LeopoldshafenLinkenheim-HochstettenWaghäuselOberhausen-RheinhausenRheinstettenStutenseeWaldbronnDettenheimPhilippsburg im Landkreis Karlsruhe.png
About this image
Philippsburg is located in Germany
Philippsburg
Philippsburg
Philippsburg is located in Baden-Württemberg
Philippsburg
Philippsburg
Coordinates: 49°14′N 08°27′E / 49.233°N 8.450°E / 49.233; 8.450Coordinates: 49°14′N 08°27′E / 49.233°N 8.450°E / 49.233; 8.450
CountryGermany
StateBaden-Württemberg
Admin. regionKarlsruhe
DistrictKarlsruhe
Government
 • Mayor (2021–29) Stefan Martus[1]
Area
 • Total50.56 km2 (19.52 sq mi)
Elevation
100 m (300 ft)
Population
 (2021-12-31)[2]
 • Total13,713
 • Density270/km2 (700/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
76661
Dialling codes07256
Vehicle registrationKA
Websitewww.philippsburg.de

HistoryEdit

Before 1632, Philippsburg was known as "Udenheim".

 
Fortress of Udenheim 1615

The city was a possession of the Bishop of Speyer from 1371–1718. The town is named after Philipp Christoph von Sötern,[3] who was bishop from 1610–1652. It was ruled by France between 1644 and 1676 and again between 1688 and 1697. The city became part of the Grand Duchy of Baden in 1803.

 
Farm and power plant

Historically, possession of the town was disputed between Germany and France. Formerly, there was a fortress located at the town, whose location was mentioned by Carl von Clausewitz. In Book VI of On War, he suggested that "If a fortress cannot be located directly on a river, it is better not to place it in the immediate vicinity, but some fifty to sixty miles away; otherwise the river will cut through and interfere with its sphere of influence with respect to all the points mentioned above." He then mentions in a footnote "Philippsburg was a perfect example of how not to site a fortress. Its location was that of an idiot standing with his nose against the wall.".[4] The fortress was besieged in 1688, and 1734, and during the War of the Second Coalition.

MiscellaneousEdit

The town is the site of the Philippsburg Nuclear Power Plant and a Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company plant.

PeopleEdit

BibliographyEdit

The siege of Philippsburg is covered in Clausewitz's campaign history.

  • Clausewitz, Carl von (2021). The Coalition Crumbles, Napoleon Returns: The 1799 Campaign in Italy and Switzerland, Volume 2. Trans and ed. Nicholas Murray and Christopher Pringle. Lawrence, Kansas: University Press of Kansas. ISBN 978-0-7006-3034-9

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Aktuelle Wahlergebnisse, Staatsanzeiger, accessed 13 September 2021.
  2. ^ "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2021" [Population by nationality and sex as of December 31, 2021] (CSV) (in German). Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg. June 2022.
  3. ^ "Archbishop Philipp Christoph von Sötern [Catholic-Hierarchy]".
  4. ^ On War, Book VI, Chapter 11, p.483, Carl von Clausewitz, translated by Michael Howard and Peter Paret ISBN 0-679-42043-6

External linksEdit