Siege of Odawara (1561)

The 1561 Siege of Odawara, a battle of Japan's Sengoku period, Uesugi Kenshin attacked Odawara castle, this was the first of several sieges which would befall Odawara castle, the home castle of the Hōjō clan.

First Siege of Odawara
Part of Sengoku period
Odawara 2006-02-21 c.jpg
One corner tower of Odawara Castle today
Date1561
Location35°15′2.99″N 139°9′13.00″E / 35.2508306°N 139.1536111°E / 35.2508306; 139.1536111Coordinates: 35°15′2.99″N 139°9′13.00″E / 35.2508306°N 139.1536111°E / 35.2508306; 139.1536111
Result
  • Hôjô victory
  • Uesugi withdrawal, castle town burned
Belligerents
Japanese Crest Uesugi Sasa.svg Uesugi clan forces Japanese Crest mitu Uroko.svgHōjō clan forces
Commanders and leaders
Uesugi Kenshin
Uesugi Norimasa
Satomi Yoshihiro
Oda Ujiharu
Utsunomiya Hirotsuna
Satake Yoshiaki
Oyama Hidetsuna
Nasu Suketane
Ōta Sukemasa
Mita Tsunahide
Narita Nagayasu
Hōjō Ujiyasu
Hōjō Ujimasa
Strength
90,000-113,000[1] 15,000
Siege of Odawara (1561) is located in Kanagawa Prefecture
Siege of Odawara (1561)
Location within Kanagawa Prefecture
Siege of Odawara (1561) is located in Japan
Siege of Odawara (1561)
Siege of Odawara (1561) (Japan)

BackgroundEdit

In 1559, Kenshin was pushed once again by Uesugi Norimasa to take control of the Kantō back from the Hōjō, and in 1560 he was able to comply. In August of the same year, he put southern Echigo under control of a five-man council for broad mobilization, as well formed a small investigative council for any kind of unrest.[2] then, in 1561 he march to Odawara.

The SiegeEdit

Uesugi Kenshin was at the height of his campaign against the Hōjō clan, as he captured several of their castles. Later, he besieged the Hōjō's Odawara Castle. The Uesugi breached the defenses, and burned the castle town. However, Kenshin would withdraw after two months. This came as the result of a lack of adequate supplies, and the reappearance of Takeda Shingen, Kenshin's long-time rival, who was threatening his territories.

AftermathEdit

The castle itself however remained unconquered; This ended the first of three sieges of the Odawara castle.

ReferencesEdit

  • Turnbull, Stephen (1998). 'The Samurai Sourcebook'. London: Cassell & Co.
  1. ^ "「関東の覇権を賭けて上杉謙信とバトル". Nonobono Hihonshi. Retrieved December 3, 2021.
  2. ^ Goldsmith 2008, p. 211.