Shrove Monday, sometimes known as Collopy Monday, Rose Monday, Merry Monday or Hall Monday, is a Christian observance falling on the Monday before Ash Wednesday every year. A part of the English traditional Shrovetide celebrations of the week before Lent, the Monday precedes Shrove Tuesday. As the Monday before Ash Wednesday, it is part of diverse Carnival celebrations which take place in many parts of the Christian world, from Greece, to Germany, to the Mardi Gras and Carnival of the Americas.
|Date||Monday before Ash Wednesday|
|2017 date||February 27|
|2018 date||February 12|
|2019 date||March 4|
|2020 date||February 24|
The word shrove is the past tense of the English verb shrive, which means to obtain absolution for one's sins by way of confession and doing penance. Thus Shrovetide gets its name from the shriving that English Christians were expected to do prior to receiving absolution immediately before Lent begins. Shrove Tuesday is the last day of "shrovetide", somewhat analogous to the Carnival tradition that developed separately in countries of Latin Europe. The terms "Shrove Monday" and "Shrove Tuesday" are no longer widely used in the United States or Canada outside of liturgical traditions, such as in the Lutheran, Anglican, and Roman Catholic Churches.
The British name Collopy Monday is after the traditional dish of the day, consisting of slices of leftover meat (collops of bacon) along with eggs. It is eaten for breakfast and is part of the traditional Lenten preparations. In addition to providing a little meat, the collopys were also the source of the fat for the following day's pancakes.
Shrove Monday is part of the German, Danish, and Austrian Carnival calendar, called Rosenmontag. In the Rhineland, as part of the pre-lenten Fasching festival (or Feast of Fools), it is part of the parade season, a day of marching, revelry, and satirical floats. In the Carnival in Denmark, it is called Fastelavn.
Eastern Orthodox traditionsEdit
In the Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar (most years falling later than the Western Church, usually in March), the start of (Eastern) Lent is called Clean Monday. This is not identical to Shrove Monday, which precedes the start of (Western) Lent by two days. Clean Monday is the first day of "Great Lent", and is traditionally considered the beginning of spring in Greece and Cyprus, where it is a Bank Holiday. Different traditions take place in different localities. In the town of Tyrnavos, for instance, feasts are followed by songs and dances with Bacchic overtones.
The Shrove Monday events of the New Orleans and Mississippi Gulf Coast Mardi Gras, dating back to the 19th century, have since the late 20th century been named Lundi Gras ("Fat Monday").
- Moveable date calculations by Module:Easter – via
- Walker, Sue (2002). "Mardi Gras". St. James Encyclopedia of Pop Culture. Retrieved 17 November 2006.
- "National Celebrations: Holidays in the United States". U.S. State Department. Archived from the original on 16 November 2006. Retrieved 17 November 2006.
- Brand, John (1849). Observations on popular antiquities of Great Britain. London: Henry G. Bohn. p. 62. Retrieved 10 February 2013.
- Timbs, John (1829). The Mirror of Literature, Amusement, and Instruction. London: J. Limbird. p. 133. Retrieved 10 February 2013.
- Karneval revellers brave chilly rain for Rosenmontag parade. AFP/thelocal.de 23 February 2009. Retrieved 24 February 2009
- bank-holidays.com. Retrieved 24 February 2009
- Shrove Monday in the town of Tyrnavos. agrotravel.gr Retrieved 24 February 2009
- Maureen Warner Lewis, Central Africa in the Caribbean: Transcending Time, Transforming Cultures (University of the West Indies Press, 2003), p. 221.