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Shrines and Temples of Nikkō

The UNESCO World Heritage Site Shrines and Temples of Nikkō encompasses 103 buildings or structures and the natural setting around them. It is located in Nikkō, Tochigi Prefecture, Japan. The buildings belong to two Shinto shrines (Futarasan Shrine and Tōshō-gū) and one Buddhist temple (Rinnō-ji). Nine of the structures are designated National Treasures of Japan while the remaining 94 are Important Cultural Properties. UNESCO listed the site as World Heritage in 1999.[2][3]

Shrines and Temples of Nikkō
Yomeimon gate of Toshogu shrine.
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Location Tochigi Prefecture, Japan Edit this at Wikidata
Coordinates 36°45′23″N 139°35′58″E / 36.7565°N 139.5994°E / 36.7565; 139.5994
Criteria i, iv, vi[1]
Reference 913
Inscription 1999 (23rd Session)
Shrines and Temples of Nikkō is located in Japan
Shrines and Temples of Nikkō
Location of Shrines and Temples of Nikkō

Contents

Nominated propertiesEdit

Futarasan ShrineEdit

23 structures of the Futarasan Shrine are included in the nomination. All are registered Important Cultural Properties. They are:[3]

Name Remarks Age Picture
Honden Main building enshrining the three deities of the Futarasan shrine. 1619  
Karamon Gate in front of the Honden. 1603early Edo period
Wakimon Gate of the Sukibe. 1603early Edo period
Sukibe Roofed wall enclosing the Honden. 1603early Edo period  
Haiden Worship hall. 1645  
Torii Copper torii marking the entrance to the shrine. 1799  
Shinkyō Wooden arched bridge. 1904  
Betsugū Taki-no-o-jinja Honden Building enshrining Tagorihime no Mikoto. 1713
Betsugū Taki-no-o-jinja Karamon Gate of the Betsugū Taki-no-o-jinja Honden. 1740
Betsugū Taki-no-o-jinja Haiden Worship hall. 1713c. 1713
Betsugū Taki-no-o-jinja Rōmon Gate to the Betsugū Taki-no-o-jinja. 1697
Betsugū Taki-no-o-jinja Torii (3 structures) Stone torii at the approach to the Betsugū Taki-no-o-jinja marking the sacred area. 1696, 1779
Betsugū Hongū-jinja Honden Building enshrining Ajisukitakahikone no Mikoto. 1685  
Betsugū Hongū-jinja Karamon Gate in front of the Betsugū Hongū-jinja Honden. 1685c. 1685
Betsugū Hongū-jinja Sukibe Roofed wall enclosing the Betsugū Hongū-jinja Honden. 1685c. 1685  
Betsugū Hongū-jinja Haiden Worship hall. 1685
Betsugū Hongū-jinja Torii Stone torii at the approach to the Betsugū Hongū-jinja marking the sacred area. 1800
Shin-yosha Storehouse for mikoshi, portable shrines. 1641  
Daikokuden Building enshrining Ōkuninushi no Mikoto. 1745  
Massha Mitomo-jinja Honden Building enshrining Sukunabikona no Mikoto. 1751c. 1751–1761  
Massha Hie-jinja Honden Building enshrining Ōyamakui no Mikoto. 1648c. 1648–1651  

Tōshō-gū 東照宮Edit

42 buildings of the Tōshō-gū shrine are included in the nomination. Eight structures are registered National Treasures of Japan and 34 are Important Cultural Properties.[3]

Name Remarks Age Picture
Honden, Ishinoma, Haiden Honden: Building enshrining the deified image of Tokugawa Ieyasu, Tōshō Daigongen.
Ishinoma: Chamber connecting Honden and Haiden.
Haiden: Worship hall.
1636  
Shōmen Karamon Gate in front of Haiden. Third gate. 1636
Haimen Karamon Gate behind Honden. 1636
Tōzai Sukibe Roofed wall enclosing Honden, Ishinoma and Haiden. 1636
Yōmeimon Two-storied gate. Second gate. 1636  
Tōzai Kairō and Kugurimon Roofed cloisters enclosing shrine buildings. 1636  
Kamishamusho Building for Shinto services. 1636
Kaguraden Building for the Kagura ritual. 1603early Edo period  
Shin-yosha Storehouse for mikoshi, portable shrines. 1636  
Shōrō Belfry 1636
Korō Storehouse for drums. 1636
Honjidō Building enshrining Yakushi, the healing Buddha. 1636
Kyōzō Storehouse for sutras. 1636  
Kamijinko Storehouse. 1603early Edo period  
Nakajinko Storehouse. 1603early Edo period  
Shimojinko Storehouse. 1603early Edo period  
Mizuya Stone building sheltering the water basin. 1636  
Shinkyū Stable for sacred horses. 1636  
Omotemon First gate. 1636  
Gojūnotō Five-storied pagoda. 1818  
Ishidorii Stone torii at front approach. 1618  
Sakashitamon Gate at the entrance to the Okusha. 1636
Okusha Hōtō Building enshrining the remains of Tokugawa Ieyasu. 1683  
Okusha Karamon Gate in front of the Hōtō. 1650
Okusha Ishitamagaki Stonewall enclosing the Okusha. 1603early Edo period
Okusha Haiden Worship hall. 1636
Okusha Dōjinko Treasure storehouse. 1654
Okusha Torii Copper torii at the front approach to the Okusha. 1683c. 1683
Okusha Sekisaku Stone fence along the front approach. 1603early Edo period
Kariden Honden, Ainoma, Haiden Honden: Building enshrining the deified image of Tokugawa Ieyasu, Tōshō Daigongen in case of repair works on the main Honden.

Ainoma: Building connecting the Honden and Haiden.
Haiden: Worship hall.
1639
Kariden Karamon Gate in front of the Kariden Honden. 1603early Edo period
Kariden Sukibe Roofed wall enclosing the Kariden Honden. 1603early Edo period
Kariden Wakimon Gate of the Kariden Sukibe. 1603early Edo period
Kariden Torii Copper torii at the front approach to the Kariden Honden. 1603early Edo period
Kariden Shōrō Belfry. 1603early Edo period
Otabisho Honden Building used in the Togyosai festival. 1685
Otabisho Haiden Worship hall used in the Togyosai festival. 1685c. 1685
Otabisho Shinsenjo Building where sacred food is prepared during the Togyosai festival. 1685c. 1685
Kyūokusha Karamon Stone gate of the Kyūokusha. Reconstructed in a new location after destruction in an earthquake. 1641
Kyūokusha Torii Torii of the Kyūokusha. Reconstructed in a new location after destruction in an earthquake. 1641

Rinnō-jiEdit

38 buildings of Rinnō-ji temple are included in the nomination. One structure, comprising the Honden, Ainoma and Haiden of the Taiyuin Mausoleum, is a registered National Treasure of Japan and 37 are Important Cultural Properties.[3]

Name Remarks Age Picture
Hon-dō (Sanbutsudō) Buddha hall. 1647  
Sōrintō Copper sutra repository tower. 1643
Hombō Omotemon Front gate of the Hombō. 1700mid Edo period
Kaizandō Founder's hall dedicated to the priest Shōdō. 1720c. 1720
Jōgyōdō Buddha hall enshrining Amida Nyorai. 1649
Hokkedō Buddha hall enshrining Shaka Nyorai. 1649
Jōgyōdō Hokkedō Watarirō Roofed corridor between Hokkedō and Watarirō. 1649
Jigendō Byōdō Building enshrining the remains of the priest Tenkai. 1603early Edo period
Jigendō Haiden Building for worshipping Jigendō. 1649
Jigendō Kyōzō Storehouse for documents collected by the priest Tenkai. 1603early Edo period
Jigendō Shōrō Belfry. 1603early Edo period
Jigendō Amidadō Buddha hall enshrining Amida Nyorai. 1603early Edo period
Kodamadō Buddha hall enshrining Kodama. 1603early Edo period
Gohōtendō Buddha hall enshrining Bishamonten, Benzaiten and Daikokuten. 1615c. 1615–1623
Kannondō Buddha hall enshrining Kanzeon Bosatsu (Avalokiteśvara Kṣitigarbha). 1685
Sanjūnotō Three-storied pagoda. 1685
Taiyuin Mausoleum (Taiyū-in Reibyō): Honden, Ainoma and Haiden Honden: Building enshrining Taiyū-in, the deified image of Tokugawa Iemitsu.
Ainoma: Chamber connecting the Honden and Haiden.
Haiden: Worship hall.
1653  
 
Taiyū-in Reibyō Karamon Gate in front of the Taiyū-in Reibyō. 1653  
Taiyū-in Reibyō Mizugaki Roofed wall enclosing the Taiyū-in Reibyō Honden and other structures. 1653
Taiyū-in Reibyō Wakamon Gate of the Taiyū-in Reibyō Mizugaki. 1653
Taiyū-in Reibyō Gokūsho Building used for preparing sacred food. 1653
Taiyū-in Reibyō Gokūsho Watarirō Roofed corridor between the Honden and Gokūsho. 1653
Taiyū-in Reibyō Yashamon Third gate. 1653
Taiyū-in Reibyō Yashamon Sayū Kairō Roofed corridors on both sides of the Yashamon. 1653
Taiyū-in Reibyō Shōrō Belfry. 1653
Taiyū-in Reibyō Korō Storehouse for drums. 1653
Taiyū-in Reibyō Nitemmon Second gate. 1653
Taiyū-in Reibyō Saijō Lavatory for ritual use. 1653
Taiyū-in Reibyō Mizuya Stone column building sheltering the water basin. 1653
Taiyū-in Reibyō Hōko Storehouse. 1653
Taiyū-in Reibyō Niōmon First gate. 1653
Taiyū-in Reibyō Kōkamon Gate at the entrance to the Taiyū-in Reibyō Oku-in. 1653  
Taiyū-in Reibyō Dōzutsumi Hōzō Copper-plated storehouse. 1653
Taiyū-in Reibyō Oku-in Hōtō Building enshrining the remains of Tokugawa Iemitsu. 1653
Taiyū-in Reibyō Oku-in Inukimon Copper gate in front of the Hōtō. 1653
Taiyū-in Reibyō Oku-in Haiden Worship hall 1653
Taiyū-in Reibyō Bettōsho Ryūkō-in Management building for Taiyū-in. 1700mid Edo period

Cultural LandscapeEdit

Included in the nomination are the forested mountain slopes on which the buildings are located. The dominating cedar forest was planted in the early 17th century during the construction of the Tōshō-gū. The area where buildings are located is designated as Historic Site. Other parts of the Cultural Landscape are protected within the Nikkō National Park.[2]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/913.
  2. ^ a b ICOMOS (September 1999). "Advisory Body Evaluation" (PDF). Retrieved 2009-07-28. 
  3. ^ a b c d Agency for Cultural Affairs (June 22, 1998). "Shrines and Temples of Nikko — WHC Nomination Documentation". Retrieved 2009-07-28. 

External linksEdit