Shooting at the 1956 Summer Olympics – Men's trap

The men's trap was a shooting sports event held as part of the Shooting at the 1956 Summer Olympics programme. It was the seventh appearance of the event. The competition was held from 29 November to 1 December 1956 at the shooting ranges in Melbourne. 32 shooters from 18 nations competed.[1] Nations were limited to two shooters each. The event was won by Galliano Rossini of Italy, with his countryman Alessandro Ciceri taking bronze. Between the two Italians was Adam Smelczyński of Poland, earning bronze. They were the first medals in the men's trap for both nations. Ciceri had to win a three-way shoot-off for the bronze medal against the Soviet pair, Nikolay Mogilevsky and Yury Nikandrov; his win in that shoot-off made the men's trap the only shooting event in 1956 with no Soviets on the podium.[2]

Men's trap
at the Games of the XVI Olympiad
Galliano Rossini.jpg
Gold medalist Galliano Rossini
VenueMelbourne, Australia
Dates29 November - 1 December
Competitors32 from 18 nations
Winning score195 OR
Medalists
1st place, gold medalist(s) Galliano Rossini  Italy
2nd place, silver medalist(s) Adam Smelczyński  Poland
3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Alessandro Ciceri  Italy
← 1952
1960 →

BackgroundEdit

This was the seventh appearance of the men's ISSF Olympic trap event. The event was held at every Summer Olympics from 1896 to 1924 (except 1904, when no shooting events were held) and from 1952 to 2016. As with most shooting events, it was nominally open to women from 1968 to 1980; the trap remained open to women through 1992. Very few women participated these years. The event returned to being men-only for 1996, though the new double trap had separate events for men and women that year. In 2000, a separate women's event was added and it has been contested at every Games since. There was also a men's team trap event held four times from 1908 to 1924.[3][4]

Five of the top 10 shooters from the 1952 Games returned: silver medalist Knut Holmqvist and bronze medalist Hans Liljedahl of Sweden, fourth-place finisher František Čapek of Czechoslovakia, sixth-place finisher Ioannis Koutsis of Greece, and seventh-place finisher Galliano Rossini of Italy. Rossini had taken silver at the 1954 World Championships, behind his fellow Italian Cesare Merlo; Merlo did not compete in Melbourne (with Alessandro Ciceri joining Rossini on the Italian squad). World bronze medalist Hans Aasnaes of Norway did compete.[2]

Australia, Colombia, Japan, Malaya, the Philippines, and Venezuela each made their debut in the event. Great Britain made its seventh appearance, the only nation to have competed at each edition of the event to that point.

Competition formatEdit

The competition used the 200-target format introduced with the return of trap to the Olympics in 1952. The courses were changed somewhat however; in 1956, there were three courses of 75, 75, and 50. Each series consisted of 25 targets (that is, 3 series on the first day, 3 series on the second day, and 2 series on the third day.) A 25-target shoot-off would be used as necessary to break ties for medals.[5][2]

RecordsEdit

Prior to this competition, the existing world and Olympic records were as follows.

World record '
Olympic record   George Genereux (CAN) 192 Helsinki, Finland 25–26 July 1952

Galliano Rossini broke the Olympic record with a 195-hit total.

ScheduleEdit

Date Time Round
Thursday, 29 November 1956 9:00 Course 1
Friday, 30 November 1956 9:00 Course 2
Saturday, 1 December 1956 9:00 Course 3

ResultsEdit

Rossini took an early lead, hitting 74 of the 75 targets on the first day. Mogilevsky was close behind at 73, with Ciceri and Nikandrov at 71 and Smelczyński at 70. Čapek had 69.[5][2]

Smelczyński had the best second day, hitting 73 of 75. Rossini and the two Soviets each hit 71; Ciceri managed only 69. This made for a tight group at the top after two days: Rossini at 145, Mogilesvky at 144, Smelczyński at 143, Nikandrov at 142, and Ciceri at 140. Čapek shot 69 again, staying close to the lead group at 138 while a substantial gap grew between him and the rest of the pack.[5][2]

The third day went to the Italian pair. Rossini was perfect, hitting 50 of 50 targets to ensure nobody could catch him for the gold medal. Ciceri also did well, scoring 48. Smelczyński had 47, Nikandrov 46, and Mogilevsky 45. Smelczyński's total of 190 was good for silver, 5 points behind Rossini but 2 ahead of the other three men, who finished in a tie for third at 188. Čapek's 49 was the second-best total of the day, but not enough to catch the lead 5; he finished in 6th at 187, one point out of the shoot-off for bronze. That shoot-off was won by Ciceri at 24 of 25 targets; Mogilevsky hit 23 to take fourth and Nikandrov scored 22 to finish in fifth.[5][2]

Rank Shooter Nation Total
  Galliano Rossini   Italy 195
  Adam Smelczyński   Poland 190
  Alessandro Ciceri   Italy 188
4 Nikolay Mogilevsky   Soviet Union 188
5 Yury Nikandrov   Soviet Union 188
6 František Čapek   Czechoslovakia 187
7 Knut Holmqvist   Sweden 178
8 Hans Liljedahl   Sweden 177
9 John Bryant   Australia 176
10 Robert Pignard   France 176
11 Hans Aasnæs   Norway 176
12 Ioannis Koutsis   Greece 175
13 Franco Mignini   Venezuela 172
14 Michel Prévost   France 171
15 Zygmunt Kiszkurno   Poland 170
16 Juan Gindre   Argentina 170
17 Earl Caldwell   Canada 169
18 Joe Wheater   Great Britain 168
19 Raúl Olivo   Venezuela 165
20 Clement Mudford   Australia 164
21 Ernest Fear   Great Britain 162
22 William Peters   Colombia 155
23 Tokusaburo Iwata   Japan 155
24 Enrique Beech   Philippines 152
25 Igor Treybal   Czechoslovakia 148
26 Federico Valle   Puerto Rico 147
27 León Bozzi   Argentina 146
28 Moe Fu Kiat   Malaya 145
29 Liew Foh Sin   Malaya 140
30 Ujitoshi Konomi   Japan 140
31 Fernando Jiménez   Puerto Rico 126
32 Frank Opsal   Canada 118

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Shooting at the 1956 Melbourne Summer Games: Men's Trap". sports-reference.com. Archived from the original on 18 April 2020. Retrieved 19 February 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Trap, Men". Olympedia. Retrieved 14 June 2021.
  3. ^ "Shooting". Olympedia. Retrieved 24 August 2021.
  4. ^ "Historical Results". issf-sports.org. International Shooting Sport Federation. Retrieved 11 June 2021.
  5. ^ a b c d Official Report, p. 578.