Shona Dunlop MacTavish
Shona Katrine Dunlop MacTavish MBE (née Dunlop; 12 April 1920 – 18 June 2019) was a New Zealand dancer, teacher, author, choreographer and pioneer in liturgical dance in the Asia-Pacific. She was known as "the mother of modern dance in New Zealand".
Shona Dunlop MacTavish
Shona Katrine Dunlop
12 April 1920
Dunedin, New Zealand
|Died||18 June 2019 (aged 99)|
Dunedin, New Zealand
|Known for||Dancer, choreographer|
(m. 1948; died 1957)
|Relatives||Bonar Dunlop (brother)|
Early life and dance careerEdit
Shona Katrine Dunlop was born in Dunedin on 12 April 1920; her father was Francis Dunlop, a Scottish-born Presbyterian minister who lectured in moral philosophy at the University of Otago, and her brother was Bonar Dunlop who became a noted sculptor.
In 1935, she and her family travelled to Europe, and she enrolled to study with expressionist dancer and choreographer Gertrud Bodenwieser at the University of Music and Performing Arts, Vienna. She studied there for two years and then joined as a principal dancer. Bodenwieser and many of her dancers were Jewish and in 1938, when the Nazis invaded Austria, the ballet was forced to leave Europe. The company toured South America then based themselves in Sydney, Australia, and toured New Zealand during the late 1940s. Dunlop continued to dance with the Bodenwieser Ballet and also taught ballet in local Sydney schools, including Abottsleigh Girls' School.
Marriage and missionary workEdit
In 1948, Dunlop met Scottish Free Church minister MacDonald MacTavish in Sydney, and married him less than three weeks later at St Stephen's Presbyterian Church in central Sydney. MacTavish, a Canadian and cousin of Canadian prime minister Mackenzie King, was on his way to China to take up a position as a missionary in Yichang and Dunlop resigned her position as a dancer to go with him. The couple left Sydney in July 1948 for Beijing where they spent three months learning Mandarin and waiting for government permission to move to Manchuria. While they were in Beijing, fighting broke out between Communist and Nationalist forces and the MacTavishs evacuated to Taiwan. They were invited to work at the English Presbyterian Church Mission in Tainan; Dunlop MacTavish taught not only English, but also ballet for the local children. In 1957, her husband died while they were serving as missionaries in South Africa and she returned to Dunedin as a solo mother with three young children.
Later dance careerEdit
Initially, Dunlop MacTavish taught dance at Dunedin's Columba College and in 1958, she opened her own studio – New Zealand's first modern dance studio. By 1963, she had set up a performing group, Dunedin Dance Theatre.
Dunlop MacTavish's fascination with the diverse range of dance forms she had observed while living and touring abroad, combined with her own strong Christian faith, led her to explore the practice of liturgical dance - the use of dance as an expression of religious belief. During the 1960s and 1970s, she developed and delivered workshops and lectures on liturgical dance throughout the Asia-Pacific region, such as the East Asian Christian Council of Youth Conference, the Federation of Theological Colleges of South East Asia and the World Council of Churches. For many of these projects she choreographed ballet and dance performances for and with the participants and congregations.
In the 1970s, Dunlop MacTavish moved to the Philippines and took a position as professor of dance at Silliman University. While there, she conducted research into the dance traditions of the indigenous people of the Philippines. She observed and documented dances performed to mark courtship and marriage, and to celebrate harvests and births and hypothesised that all indigenous dance stems from religious beliefs.
Dunlop MacTavish also worked as a choreographer in New Zealand. Her first work was Pania of the Reef, for the Royal New Zealand Ballet in 1970. For this production, she sourced a Māori vocalist and borrowed traditional clothing from a museum. In 1998 she choreographed the opera Outrageous Fortune.
Honours and awardsEdit
In the 1985 New Year Honours, Dunlop MacTavish was appointed a Member of the Order of the British Empire, for services to the arts. In 2001, she was awarded an honorary Doctor of Literature degree by the University of Otago. In 2017, she was made an honorary member of Dance Aotearoa New Zealand.
Later life, death, and legacyEdit
Dunlop MacTavish suffered serious injury in a crash in 2012 and stopped driving after that. She died in Dunedin on 18 June 2019 at the age of 99, and her funeral at Knox Church, Dunedin included dancers escorting her casket and improvised dance by members of the congregation. She was survived by her companion Louise and three children.
Her daughter, Terry MacTavish, was appointed a Member of the New Zealand Order of Merit, for services to theatre and education, in the 2019 New Year Honours. Dunlop MacTavish's granddaughter, Jinty MacTavish, was elected to the Dunedin City Council in 2010 as a 25-year-old, the second-youngest person ever elected as a Dunedin councillor.
- Dunlop MacTavish, Shona: An Ecstasy of Purpose. The Life and Art of Gertrud Bodenwieser. Dunedin, 1987.
- Dunlop MacTavish, Shona: Gertrud Bodenwieser. Tänzerin, Choreographin, Pädagogin. Wien – Sydney. (Gekürzte Ausgabe, aus dem Englischen übersetzt von Gabriele Haefs, hrsg.v. Denny Hirschbach). Zeichen und Spuren, Bremen 1992. ISBN 3-924588-21-X.
- Dunlop MacTavish, Shona Leap of faith: my dance through life. Longacre Press, Dunedin, 1997.
- "Shona Dunlop MacTavish". ausdance.com.au. 2012. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
- Contemporary Authors (volume 205 ed.). Gale Group. 2002. p. 127. ISBN 0787646008.
- Edwards, Jono (19 June 2019). "Dunedin's doyenne of dance dies". Otago Daily Times. Retrieved 19 June 2019.
- "Shona Dunlop MacTavish, Dunedin dance pioneer, dies aged 99". RNZ News. 19 June 2019. Retrieved 19 June 2019.
- "Death search: registration number 2019/17219". Births, deaths & marriages online. Department of Internal Affairs. Retrieved 27 June 2019.
- "Births". Otago Witness. 20 April 1920. p. 37. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
- Pigden, Charles. "Philosophical history". University of Otago. Retrieved 19 June 2019.
- Smith, Charmian (21 February 2009). "Language of dance". Otago Daily Times. Retrieved 20 June 2019.
- Marshall, Jonathon W. (December 2012). "Ausdruckstanz, faith, and the anthropological impulse in Europe and the Asia-Pacific: a critical analysis of the career of Shona Dunlop MacTavish". Brolga: An Australian Journal About Dance (37).
- "Chapple, Margaret (1923–1996)". Trove. Retrieved 19 June 2019.
- "Leaves stage for China mission". The Sun. 13 June 1948. p. 3. Retrieved 20 June 2019.
- "Dancer to be missionary". Daily News. 14 June 1948. p. 1. Retrieved 18 February 2016.
- "Missionary's wife ran a dance class". Australian Women's Weekly. 20 May 1950. p. 35. Retrieved 19 June 2019.
- Schultz, Marianne (2014). "Contemporary dance – New Zealand practitioners, mid-20th century". Te Ara – the Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
- "Motohide Miyahara". Ausdance. Retrieved 19 June 2019.
- "No. 49970". The London Gazette (2nd supplement). 31 December 1984. p. 2.
- "Honorary graduates". University of Otago Calendar (PDF). University of Otago. 2016. p. 142. Retrieved 18 February 2016.
- "The Grand Dame of dance in Aotearoa to be made an honorary DANZ member". DANZ. Retrieved 19 June 2019.
- Porteous, Debbie (14 June 2014). "Older drivers in rear-view mirror". Otago Daily Times. Retrieved 3 February 2016.
- Lewis, John (20 June 2019). "NZ 'mother of modern dance' dies". Otago Daily Times. Retrieved 20 June 2019.
- Houlahan, Mike (26 June 2019). "A time to dance, a time to mourn ..." Otago Daily Times. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
- "New Year honours list 2019". Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet. 31 December 2018. Retrieved 20 June 2019.
- "Terry MacTavish". Theatreview. Retrieved 20 June 2019.
- Munro, Bruce (16 October 2010). "Age no barrier, youngest councillor says". Otago Daily Times. Retrieved 21 June 2019.
- MacTavish, Shona Dunlop (1987). An ecstasy of purpose : the life and art of Gertrud Bodenwieser. Dunedin: S.D. MacTavish, Les Humphrey and Associates. ISBN 9780473004941.
- MacTavish, Shona Dunlop (1997). Leap of faith: my dance through life. Dunedin: Longacre Press. ISBN 9781877135040.