Tingdu Shizhu Houdi (Chinese: 亭獨尸逐侯鞮), personal name Shizi (Chinese: 師子), was the son of Xitong Shizhu Houti. He succeeded Anguo Chanyu in 94 AD and ruled until 98 AD. He was succeeded by Wanshishizhudi.[1]

Shizi
Tingdu Shizhu Houdi Chanyu
Reignc.94-98 AD
PredecessorAnguo
SuccessorWanshishizhudi
DynastyModu Chanyu
FatherXitong Shizhu Houdi

Shizi commanded Southern Xiongnu cavalry forces against the Northern Chanyu from 89 to 91 AD. He was highly popular with the Southern Xiongnu for his tenacious oppression of the northerners.[2]

In 94 AD, Anguo Chanyu was pressured into attacking Shizi, who took refuge with the General on the Liao. When the attack failed, Anguo's followers killed him. Shizi became chanyu and took the title of Tingdu Shizhu Houti. Many of the northern refugees did not like this however and attacked Shizi and Du Chong, who took refugee in a herding office before Han forces arrived and drove the northerners away. The northern refugees proclaimed Fenghou as their chanyu and fled across the frontier.[1]

Shizi planned on arresting the subordinate king Wujuzhan, a friend of Anguo, who he suspected of planning his assassination. Wujuzhan fled into the hill country where he launched raids into Han territory. He was killed by Han forces in 96 AD.[1]

Shizi died in 98 AD and was succeeded by his cousin Wanshishizhudi.[1]

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Crespigny 2007, p. 743.
  2. ^ Crespigny 2007, p. 742.

ReferencesEdit

  • Barfield, Thomas (1989), The Perilous Frontier: Nomadic Empires and China, Basil Blackwell
  • Bichurin N.Ya., "Collection of information on peoples in Central Asia in ancient times", vol. 1, Sankt Petersburg, 1851, reprint Moscow-Leningrad, 1950
  • Chang, Chun-shu (2007), The Rise of the Chinese Empire 1, The University of Michigan Press
  • Cosmo, Nicola Di (2002), Ancient China and Its Enemies, Cambridge University Press
  • Cosmo, Nicola di (2009), Military Culture in Imperial China, Harvard University Press
  • Crespigny, Rafe de (2007), A Biographical Dictionary of Later Han to the Three Kingdoms, Brill
  • Loewe, Michael (2000), A Biographical Dictionary of the Qin, Former Han, and Xin Periods, Brill
  • Taskin B.S., "Materials on Sünnu history", Science, Moscow, 1968, p. 31 (In Russian)
  • Whiting, Marvin C. (2002), Imperial Chinese Military History, Writers Club Press
Preceded by
Anguo
Chanyu of the Southern Xiongnu
94-98 AD
Succeeded by
Wanshishizhudi