Shinhidaka, Hokkaido

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Shinhidaka (新ひだか町, Shinhidaka-chō) is a town located in Hidaka Subprefecture, Hokkaido, Japan. Shinhidaka is the most populous town, and the economic center of Hidaka Subprefecture.

Shinhidaka
新ひだか町
Town
Shinhidaka Town Hall
Shinhidaka Town Hall
Flag of Shinhidaka
Official seal of Shinhidaka
Location of Shinhidaka in Hokkaido (Hidaka Subprefecture)
Location of Shinhidaka in Hokkaido (Hidaka Subprefecture)
Shinhidaka is located in Japan
Shinhidaka
Shinhidaka
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 42°15′N 142°34′E / 42.250°N 142.567°E / 42.250; 142.567Coordinates: 42°15′N 142°34′E / 42.250°N 142.567°E / 42.250; 142.567
CountryJapan
RegionHokkaido
PrefectureHokkaido (Hidaka Subprefecture)
DistrictHidaka
Government
 • MayorYoshihide Sakai
Area
 • Total1,147.75 km2 (443.15 sq mi)
Population
 (November 30, 2021)
 • Total21,415
 • Density19/km2 (48/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+09:00 (JST)
City hall address3-2-50, Shizunai Miyukichō, Shinhidaka-chō, Hidaka-gun, Hokkaidō
056-8650
ClimateDfb
Websitewww.shinhidaka-hokkaido.jp
Symbols
FlowerEzoyamatsutsuji (Rhododendron kaempferi) and Rugosa Rose
TreeEzoyamazakura and Japanese Ash
MascotKonbuman (こんぶマン) and Kobune-chan (こぶねちゃん)

HistoryEdit

The river valleys of what is now Shinhidaka were occupied by the Ainu. From the 19th century, people from Japan began to settle in the region.

On March 31, 2006, the town of Mitsuishi merged with the town of Shizunai to create the new town of Shinhidaka.

GeographyEdit

Shinhidaka is in southeastern Hokkaido, between the Pacific Ocean to the South and the Hidaka Mountains to the North. Several rivers rise in the mountains and empty into the sea, including the Shizunai River and the Mitsuishi River.

Shinhidaka has total area of 1,147.74 km2.[1] Its highest location is Mount Kamuiekuuchikaushi (42°37′30″N 142°45′58″E / 42.62500°N 142.76611°E / 42.62500; 142.76611) at 1,979.4 m (6,494 ft).

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Mitsuishi, Shinhidaka (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1977−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 10.7
(51.3)
10.5
(50.9)
17.3
(63.1)
22.6
(72.7)
25.8
(78.4)
28.4
(83.1)
32.1
(89.8)
32.0
(89.6)
31.2
(88.2)
23.5
(74.3)
19.9
(67.8)
14.3
(57.7)
32.1
(89.8)
Average high °C (°F) 0.4
(32.7)
0.8
(33.4)
4.5
(40.1)
10.3
(50.5)
15.4
(59.7)
18.8
(65.8)
22.4
(72.3)
24.3
(75.7)
22.0
(71.6)
16.3
(61.3)
9.5
(49.1)
2.9
(37.2)
12.3
(54.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) −4.6
(23.7)
−4.2
(24.4)
−0.2
(31.6)
4.7
(40.5)
10.0
(50.0)
14.2
(57.6)
18.4
(65.1)
20.0
(68.0)
16.6
(61.9)
10.1
(50.2)
4.2
(39.6)
−1.8
(28.8)
7.3
(45.1)
Average low °C (°F) −11.3
(11.7)
−11.2
(11.8)
−6.1
(21.0)
−1.8
(28.8)
3.7
(38.7)
9.4
(48.9)
14.8
(58.6)
16.0
(60.8)
11.0
(51.8)
3.5
(38.3)
−1.7
(28.9)
−7.5
(18.5)
1.6
(34.8)
Record low °C (°F) −24.1
(−11.4)
−25.9
(−14.6)
−23.6
(−10.5)
−11.6
(11.1)
−5.9
(21.4)
−0.4
(31.3)
5.4
(41.7)
5.0
(41.0)
−0.8
(30.6)
−5.7
(21.7)
−12.5
(9.5)
−20.8
(−5.4)
−25.9
(−14.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 38.4
(1.51)
35.7
(1.41)
62.7
(2.47)
98.7
(3.89)
146.3
(5.76)
105.5
(4.15)
158.7
(6.25)
182.4
(7.18)
152.3
(6.00)
127.2
(5.01)
94.2
(3.71)
59.6
(2.35)
1,258.4
(49.54)
Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 7.4 7.2 8.1 10.8 11.0 9.0 11.3 11.5 11.3 11.9 12.6 11.1 123.2
Mean monthly sunshine hours 145.6 155.3 185.5 188.6 193.8 161.9 126.9 143.9 165.7 171.6 126.3 120.9 1,886.7
Source 1: JMA[2]
Source 2: JMA[3]

DemographicsEdit

As of November 2021, the town has an estimated population of 21,415, and a density of 18.7 persons per km2.[4]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 12,583—    
1925 13,680+8.7%
1930 17,174+25.5%
1935 19,410+13.0%
1940 19,412+0.0%
1945 24,022+23.7%
1950 26,570+10.6%
1955 30,123+13.4%
1960 32,746+8.7%
1965 35,754+9.2%
1970 33,241−7.0%
1975 32,257−3.0%
1980 33,190+2.9%
1985 32,610−1.7%
1990 30,262−7.2%
1995 29,337−3.1%
2000 28,438−3.1%
2005 27,265−4.1%
2010 25,420−6.8%
2015 23,231−8.6%
2020 21,517−7.4%
Shinhidaka population statistics[5]

TransportationEdit

RailEdit

Shinhidaka was served by the JR Hokkaido Hidaka Main Line. However, no services have operated between Mukawa and Samani since January 2015, due to storm damage. Plans to restore this section of the line have been abandoned, due to declining passenger use and very high maintenance costs and the section will be officially closed on 1 April 2021 to be replaced by a bus service.

Stations in Shinhidaka: Shizunai - Higashi-Shizunai - Harutachi - Hidaka-Tōbetsu - Hidaka-Mitsuishi - Hōei - Honkiri

Arts and cultureEdit

Nijikken-dōro (二十間道路), literally, road 20 ken (36 metres (118 ft)) in width, is an avenue lined with Ezo mountain cherry Prunus sargentii, (エゾヤマザクラ, Ezo-yamazakura) trees and a major tourist attraction of the town. The 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) road was created for a visit of the Imperial Family to the nearby Niikappu horse ranch in 1903. The ranch is under the jurisdiction of the Imperial Household Agency. It took five years to transplant trees from the local mountains to create the avenue. It was finished in 1916. Shinhidaka holds a cherry blossom festival yearly in May at the road in Shizunai ward.[6]

MascotsEdit

Konbuman and Kobune-chan, the town's mascots

Shinhidaka's mascots are Konbuman (こんぶマン) and Kobune-chan (こぶねちゃん). They are superhero siblings.[7][8]

  • Kobuman is from Mitsuishi. He is usually active in events. He became mascot on 2 February 2013.[9]
  • Kobume-chan became mascot on 10 August 2017. Like her brother, she is also usually active in events.

Sister citiesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ (in Japanese) Official Home Page of Shinhidaka Archived 2008-04-24 at the Wayback Machine, last access 30 May 2008.
  2. ^ 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値). JMA. Retrieved February 21, 2022.
  3. ^ 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). JMA. Retrieved February 21, 2022.
  4. ^ "北海道新ひだか町". Retrieved 30 December 2021.
  5. ^ Shinhidaka population statistics
  6. ^ (in Japanese) Ezo-zakura Call Archived 2008-04-20 at the Wayback Machine, last access 30 May 2008
  7. ^ "みついし昆布". Shinhidaka.
  8. ^ "新ひだか町ふるさと大使・サポート大使". Shinhidaka.
  9. ^ "昆布マンのプロフィール(新ひだか町)". Kawaii Hokkaido.
  10. ^ Lexington Sister Cities Commission Archived 2014-10-20 at the Wayback Machine, last access 20 October 2014
  11. ^ a b c Shinhidaka - Overview of the Town, last access 6 May 2016

External linksEdit