Shilka (river)

The Shilka (Russian: Ши́лка; Evenki: Силькари, Sil'kari; Buryat: Шилкэ, Shilke; Mongolian: Шилка, Shilka; Chinese: 石勒喀) is a river in Zabaykalsky Krai, (Dauria) south-eastern Russia. It has a length of 560 km (350 mi), and has a drainage basin of 206,000 square kilometres (80,000 sq mi).[1]

За Байкалом. - panoramio.jpg
The Shilka River near Bolotovo.
Amur watershed.png
Location of the Shilka River within the Amur Basin
Physical characteristics
 • coordinates
53°19′58″N 121°28′49″E / 53.33278°N 121.48028°E / 53.33278; 121.48028Coordinates: 53°19′58″N 121°28′49″E / 53.33278°N 121.48028°E / 53.33278; 121.48028
Length560 km (350 mi)
Basin size206,000 km2 (80,000 sq mi)
 • average440 m3/s (16,000 cu ft/s)
Basin features
ProgressionAmurSea of Okhotsk
The S.S. AMUR on the Shilka River (c.1902)

The name derives from Evenki shilki 'narrow valley.'[2]


It originates as the confluence of the rivers Onon and Ingoda. Its confluence with the Argun on the Russia-China border gives rise to the Amur. The river is navigable for its entire length. The town Sretensk lies on the Shilka.[1]


The largest tributaries of the Shilka are, from source to mouth:[3]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b Шилка (река), Great Soviet Encyclopedia
  2. ^ E.M. Pospelov, Geograficheskie nazvaniya mira (Moscow: Russkie slovari, 1998), p. 473.
  3. ^ Река ШИЛКА in the State Water Register of Russia (Russian)