Sherburne County, Minnesota
Sherburne County Courthouse
Location within the U.S. state of Minnesota
Minnesota's location within the U.S.
|Founded||February 25, 1856|
|Named for||Moses Sherburne|
|Largest city||Elk River|
|• Total||451 sq mi (1,170 km2)|
|• Land||433 sq mi (1,120 km2)|
|• Water||18 sq mi (50 km2) 4.0%%|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||222/sq mi (86/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
The Wisconsin Territory was established by the federal government effective 3 July 1836, and existed until its eastern portion was granted statehood (as Wisconsin) in 1848. Therefore the federal government set up the Minnesota Territory effective 3 March 1849. The newly organized territorial legislature created nine counties across the territory in October of that year. One of those original counties, Benton, had its southern section partitioned off on 25 February 1856 to form a new county. It was named Sherburne, to recognize Moses Sherburne (1808-1868), a prominent area attorney, associate justice of the Supreme Court of the Minnesota Territory (1853-1857), who retired to the county and spent his final year of life there (in Orono).
The area now delineated by Big Lake Township was first settled in 1848; the small village was named Humboldt. When the county creation was announced in 1856, Humboldt was named the county seat. The area now covered by Elk River was also first settled in 1848. Two villages grew up, fairly close together: Orono (platted 1855); and Elk River Village (platted 1865). Their growth was such that by 1867 a county vote moved the county seat from Humboldt to Elk River (designated as "The Lower Town" in the vote, to distinguish it from nearby Orono. The two villages merged under the name 'Elk River' in 1881). Also in 1867, the village of Humboldt changed its name to Big Lake.
The boundaries of Sherburne County have remained as created since 1856.
The Mississippi River flows southeast along the county's south border. The Rum River flows southeast through the county's upper east portion. The Elk River rises in nearby Benton County, and flows south-southeast through the western and southern part of Sherburne County, discharging into the Mississippi at Elk River. The Saint Francis River also rises in Benton and flows southward through the central part of Sherburne County, discharging into the Elk just north of Big Lake.
The terrain of Sherburne County consists of low rolling hills, partially wooded, heavily sprinkled with lakes, ponds and depressions. The soil of Sherburne County contains considerable sand and gravel due to glacial activity in past epochs, and thus is less suitable for agriculture than much of Minnesota. The county terrain slopes to the south and east. The county's highest point lies 3 miles (5 km) east-southeast of Saint Cloud, at 1,110' (338m) ASL. The county has a total area of 451 square miles (1,170 km2), of which 433 square miles (1,120 km2) is land and 18 square miles (47 km2) (4.0%) is water.
- Leaders Clear Lake Airport (8Y6) - one mile (1.6 km) east of Clear Lake
- Princeton Municipal Airport (PNM) - at SW edge of Princeton (on border between Mille Lacs and Sherburne counties)
- St. Cloud Regional Airport (STC) - two miles (3 km) east of Saint Cloud
- Bridgeview Park Reserve
- Clear Lake Scientific and Natural Area
- Fremont Wildlife Management Area
- Grams Regional Park
- Harry W. Cater Homestead Prairie Scientific and Natural Area
- Island View Regional Park
- Oak Savanna Park
- Rice Lake Savanna Scientific and Natural Area
- Sand Dunes State Forest
- Sand Prairie Wildlife Management Area
- Sherburne National Wildlife Refuge
- Uncas Dunes Scientific and Natural Area
- William H. Houlton Conservation Area
|US Decennial Census|
At the 2000 United States Census, there were 64,417 people, 21,581 households and 16,746 families in the county. The population density was 148/sqmi (57.4/km²). There were 22,827 housing units at an average density of 52.7/sqmi (20.4/km²). The county's racial makeup was 96.73% White, 0.85% Black or African American, 0.45% Native American, 0.58% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.43% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more races. 1.10% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 40.1% were of German, 13.6% Norwegian, 7.5% Swedish and 6.2% Irish ancestry.
There were 21,581 households of which 44.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.20% were married couples living together, 7.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.40% were non-families. 15.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.91 and the average family size was 3.27.
The county population contained 30.9% under the age of 18, 9.60% from 18 to 24, 33.90% from 25 to 44, 18.40% from 45 to 64, and 7.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 104.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.20 males.
The median household income was $57,014 and the median family income was $61,790. Males had a median income of $41,601 and females $27,689. The per capita income for the county was $21,322. About 2.30% of families and 4.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.50% of those under age 18 and 10.10% of those age 65 or over.
Sherburne County has traditionally voted Republican. Since 1980 the county has selected the Republican Party candidate in 78% of national elections (as of 2016).
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