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Sherburne County is a county in the U.S. state of Minnesota. At the 2010 United States Census, the population was 88,499.[2] The county seat is Elk River.[3]

Sherburne County
Sherburne County Courthouse
Sherburne County Courthouse
Map of Minnesota highlighting Sherburne County
Location within the U.S. state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 45°26′N 93°46′W / 45.44°N 93.77°W / 45.44; -93.77
Country United States
State Minnesota
FoundedFebruary 25, 1856[1]
Named forMoses Sherburne
SeatElk River
Largest cityElk River
Area
 • Total451 sq mi (1,170 km2)
 • Land433 sq mi (1,120 km2)
 • Water18 sq mi (50 km2)  4.0%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2018)
96,036
 • Density222/sq mi (86/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district6th
Websitewww.co.sherburne.mn.us

Sherburne County is included in the Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI Metropolitan Statistical Area.

HistoryEdit

The Wisconsin Territory was established by the federal government effective 3 July 1836, and existed until its eastern portion was granted statehood (as Wisconsin) in 1848. Therefore the federal government set up the Minnesota Territory effective 3 March 1849. The newly organized territorial legislature created nine counties across the territory in October of that year. One of those original counties, Benton, had its southern section partitioned off on 25 February 1856 to form a new county. It was named Sherburne, to recognize Moses Sherburne (1808-1868), a prominent area attorney, associate justice of the Supreme Court of the Minnesota Territory (1853-1857), who retired to the county and spent his final year of life there (in Orono).

The area now delineated by Big Lake Township was first settled in 1848; the small village was named Humboldt. When the county creation was announced in 1856, Humboldt was named the county seat. The area now covered by Elk River was also first settled in 1848. Two villages grew up, fairly close together: Orono (platted 1855); and Elk River Village (platted 1865). Their growth was such that by 1867 a county vote moved the county seat from Humboldt to Elk River (designated as "The Lower Town" in the vote, to distinguish it from nearby Orono. The two villages merged under the name 'Elk River' in 1881). Also in 1867, the village of Humboldt changed its name to Big Lake.

The boundaries of Sherburne County have remained as created since 1856.[4]

GeographyEdit

 
Soils of Sherburne County[5]

The Mississippi River flows southeast along the county's south border. The Rum River flows southeast through the county's upper east portion. The Elk River rises in nearby Benton County, and flows south-southeast through the western and southern part of Sherburne County, discharging into the Mississippi at Elk River. The Saint Francis River also rises in Benton and flows southward through the central part of Sherburne County, discharging into the Elk just north of Big Lake.

The terrain of Sherburne County consists of low rolling hills, partially wooded, heavily sprinkled with lakes, ponds and depressions.[6] The soil of Sherburne County contains considerable sand and gravel due to glacial activity in past epochs, and thus is less suitable for agriculture than much of Minnesota.[7] The county terrain slopes to the south and east.[8] The county's highest point lies 3 miles (5 km) east-southeast of Saint Cloud, at 1,110' (338m) ASL.[9] The county has a total area of 451 square miles (1,170 km2), of which 433 square miles (1,120 km2) is land and 18 square miles (47 km2) (4.0%) is water.[10]

Major highwaysEdit

AirportsEdit

Adjacent countiesEdit

Protected areas[6]Edit

  • Bridgeview Park Reserve[11]
  • Clear Lake Scientific and Natural Area
  • Fremont Wildlife Management Area
  • Grams Regional Park[11]
  • Harry W. Cater Homestead Prairie Scientific and Natural Area
  • Island View Regional Park[11]
  • Oak Savanna Park[11]
  • Rice Lake Savanna Scientific and Natural Area
  • Sand Dunes State Forest
  • Sand Prairie Wildlife Management Area
  • Sherburne National Wildlife Refuge
  • Uncas Dunes Scientific and Natural Area
  • William H. Houlton Conservation Area

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
1860723
18702,050183.5%
18803,85588.0%
18905,90853.3%
19007,28123.2%
19108,13611.7%
19209,65118.6%
19309,7090.6%
194010,4567.7%
195010,6612.0%
196012,86120.6%
197018,34442.6%
198029,90863.0%
199041,94540.2%
200064,41753.6%
201088,49937.4%
Est. 201896,036[12]8.5%
US Decennial Census[13]
1790-1960[14] 1900-1990[15]
1990-2000[16] 2010-2018[2]

2000 censusEdit

 
Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 US census data

At the 2000 United States Census, there were 64,417 people, 21,581 households and 16,746 families in the county. The population density was 148/sqmi (57.4/km²). There were 22,827 housing units at an average density of 52.7/sqmi (20.4/km²). The county's racial makeup was 96.73% White, 0.85% Black or African American, 0.45% Native American, 0.58% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.43% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more races. 1.10% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 40.1% were of German, 13.6% Norwegian, 7.5% Swedish and 6.2% Irish ancestry.

There were 21,581 households of which 44.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.20% were married couples living together, 7.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.40% were non-families. 15.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.91 and the average family size was 3.27.

The county population contained 30.9% under the age of 18, 9.60% from 18 to 24, 33.90% from 25 to 44, 18.40% from 45 to 64, and 7.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 104.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.20 males.

The median household income was $57,014 and the median family income was $61,790. Males had a median income of $41,601 and females $27,689. The per capita income for the county was $21,322. About 2.30% of families and 4.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.50% of those under age 18 and 10.10% of those age 65 or over.

CommunitiesEdit

PoliticsEdit

Sherburne County has traditionally voted Republican. Since 1980 the county has selected the Republican Party candidate in 78% of national elections (as of 2016).

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[17]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 64.3% 31,053 27.5% 13,293 8.2% 3,937
2012 59.9% 27,848 37.8% 17,597 2.3% 1,064
2008 58.1% 26,140 39.9% 17,957 2.0% 893
2004 60.8% 25,182 38.2% 15,816 1.1% 456
2000 54.5% 16,813 39.3% 12,109 6.2% 1,913
1996 37.4% 8,699 45.3% 10,551 17.3% 4,025
1992 33.6% 7,339 35.9% 7,843 30.5% 6,659
1988 50.7% 8,360 48.2% 7,959 1.1% 183
1984 55.4% 7,738 44.0% 6,140 0.6% 82
1980 44.3% 6,035 45.7% 6,229 10.0% 1,356
1976 38.1% 4,361 58.4% 6,678 3.5% 403
1972 50.0% 4,332 47.0% 4,070 3.0% 256
1968 41.5% 2,737 52.8% 3,481 5.7% 375
1964 35.9% 2,132 63.8% 3,787 0.4% 21
1960 52.4% 2,837 47.4% 2,568 0.2% 12
1956 59.8% 2,681 40.0% 1,796 0.2% 10
1952 63.4% 2,839 36.4% 1,630 0.2% 9
1948 46.9% 1,828 50.3% 1,958 2.8% 109
1944 58.2% 2,046 41.1% 1,447 0.7% 25
1940 60.6% 2,450 38.9% 1,570 0.5% 20
1936 43.4% 1,623 50.3% 1,881 6.2% 233
1932 44.2% 1,601 53.5% 1,938 2.4% 86
1928 69.1% 2,437 30.2% 1,064 0.8% 27
1924 63.7% 1,961 5.8% 180 30.5% 940
1920 85.2% 2,747 9.5% 307 5.3% 171
1916 54.1% 965 41.0% 731 4.9% 88
1912 22.1% 335 23.7% 360 54.2% 823
1908 67.8% 1,002 24.8% 366 7.4% 109
1904 82.7% 1,165 13.2% 186 4.1% 58
1900 68.5% 931 27.4% 373 4.1% 56
1896 63.9% 1,008 34.0% 536 2.1% 33
1892 53.9% 632 24.7% 290 21.4% 251

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Archived from the original on June 20, 2012. Retrieved March 19, 2014.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 1, 2013.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ Upham, Warren (1920). Minnesota Geographic Names: Their Origin and Historic Significance. Minnesota Historical Society. pp. 513–514. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  5. ^ Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 61-64. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
  6. ^ a b Sherburne County MN Google Maps (accessed 25 April 2019)
  7. ^ Soil Survey of Sherburne County, Minnesota (USDA, n.d.) Accessed 25 April 2019
  8. ^ "Find an Altitude/Sherburne County MN" Google Maps (accessed 25 April 2019)
  9. ^ Sherburne County High Point - PeakBagger.com (accessed 25 April 2019)
  10. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 21, 2013. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
  11. ^ a b c d Sherburne County - Parks & Recreation (accessed 25 April 2019)
  12. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved April 24, 2019.
  13. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
  14. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
  15. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
  16. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 25, 2014.
  17. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 10 October 2018.

External linksEdit