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The whole computer was designed around the LH5801, an 8-bit CPU similar to the Zilog Z80, but all laid-out in power-saving CMOS circuits. Equipped with 2KB of on-board RAM, the programming language is BASIC. Later German engineers provided an assembler for the machine. Later even a C compiler followed. An external slot is available and accept memory (from 4 KB to 32 KB) and rom modules.
Eight versions of this pocket computer with 2 KB memory:
- Sharp PC-1500 - Japanese version (1981)
- Sharp PC-1500 - Japanese version with blue paint around LCD. Known as PC-1500D (1984)
- Sharp PC-1500 - European, Australiasian and North American version (1982)
- Sharp PC-1500 RP2 - Brazilian version (1982)
- HiradasTechnika PTA-4000 - Hungarian licence.
- HiradasTechnika PTA-4000+16 - Hungarian licence (with internal 16 KB memory extension)
- Tandy TRS-80 PC-2
- Nanfeng PC-1500A - Chinese license (CKD assembly from Japanese components)
Two versions with 8 KB memory:
- Sharp PC-1501 - Japanese rework with 8 KB memory (1984)
- Sharp PC-1500A - Western rework with 8 KB memory (1984)
- 156×7 pixel LCD
- Integrated speaker
- Integrated RTC
- Memory/cartridge slot
- 60-pin expansion port for printer and tape drive
- Battery slot (4×AA)
- Connector for external power supply (Official adaptor is Sharp EA-150, rated at 500 mA at 9 V, comes with the CE-150 printer interface.)
- CE-150 4-colour printer/plotter and cassette interface in travel case. Known as KA-160 with PTA-4000.
- CE-151 4 KB memory module
- CE-152 Cassette recorder (as external storage) (same as General Electric 3-5160A)
- CE-153 Software board
- CE-154 Wallet dedicated to PC-1500 + CE-150 + CE-152 + CE-153
- CE-155 8 KB memory module
- CE-156 Tape with Katakana software
- CE-157 4 KB memory module with CR2032 battery data backup and Katakana chars ROM
- CE-158 Communication dock with RS-232C and parallel interface with (4 rechargeable, shrink-wrapped, permanently built-in) NiCd battery (AA) as additional power supply for the computer.
- CE-159 8 KB memory module with CR2032 battery data backup
- CE-160 7.6 KB read only memory module with CR2032 battery data backup
- CE-161 16 KB memory module with CR2032 battery data backup
- CE-162E Tape and parallel port interface
- CE-163 32 KB (2x16 KB) dual-page memory module with CR2032 battery data backup. Only one page (16 KB) can be accessed at a time, switchable via the following command in PROG mode:
Page 0 [enter] POKE&5804,0 [enter] Page 1 [enter] POKE&5804,1 [enter]
Related Sharp pocket computersEdit
BASIC compatibility with early modelsEdit
Some earlier model PC-1500s will show a value 1 less in the FOR...NEXT counter on exiting the loop compared to later PC-1500s and the PC-1600.
10 FOR K=1 TO 10 20 NEXT K 30 PRINT K
K will be set to 11 on later model PC-1500s and PC-1600s, but will be 10 on early PC-1500s.
Consider this example:
10 S=0 20 FOR K=1 TO 10 STEP 4 30 S=S+1 40 NEXT K 50 PRINT S
S will be set to 3 on later model PC-1500s and PC-1600s, but will be 4 on early PC-1500s.
Early model PC-1500s evaluate IF...THEN statements differently. The behaviour can be summarised thus:
|PC-1600 / Later PC-1500||≠0||0|
An early model PC-1500 can be detected by using the command:
If the value returned is 6, it is an early model.
Example program in BASICEdit
1 ARUN 10 5 REM "PC1500 VAT Program:" 10 INPUT "Price: ";P 20 PRINT P;" ";P*V;" ";P*V*M 30 GOTO 10 40 END
The PC-1500 allows special abbreviations, and the syntax can also look as follows:
20 PRINT P;" ";PV;" ";PVM
Usage of variablesEdit
P = Purchase Price V = VAT (%/100) - To be input by hand before calculation begins, e.g.: V=1.14 (Enter) M = Markup (%/100) - To be input by hand before calculation begins, e.g.: M=1.15 (Enter)
Display of the answers are as followsEdit
Answer1; Answer2; Answer3 Purchase Price; VAT Price; Sales Price Value: P; Value: P*V; Value: P*V*M
|Line 1||The ARUN command executes every time the computer is switched on and jumps to line 10.|
|Line 5||This is the REMARK statement (used to include remarks into the source code).|
|Line 10||The INPUT command asks for input from the user and stores the values in the variable "P".|
|Line 20||The PRINT command shows the calculated result as follows: 100 114 142.5. The abbreviated form is special to the PC-1500, as it can only make use of single letter variables and matrixes. This also saves valuable storage space!|
|Line 30||The GOTO command lets the program jump back to line 10, to continue the program over|
|Line 40||The END statement is to be placed on the last line of the code to terminate execution, however in this case it can be omitted, as it is not really necessary.|
The design of initial prototypes of EMKE series of public transport cash registers were built around customized versions of the PC-1500 and its Hungarian clone PTA-4000. The series production models used almost exclusively in Hungarian regional and national bus services up to present day, are built around a version designed by EMKE and are heavily influenced by the PC-1500 design.
- "Assembler Archives - PC-1500.info". PC-1500.info. Retrieved 2016-03-20.
- Sharp PC-1600 Operation Manual, 1986, p.355.
- SHARP Taschencomputer Modell PC-1500A Bedienungsanleitung [SHARP Pocket Computer Model PC-1500A Operation Manual] (PDF) (in German). 4LQ.3T(TINSG3993CCZZ)5. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2017-02-25. Retrieved 2017-02-25.
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