SharePoint is a web-based collaborative platform that integrates natively with Microsoft 365. Launched in 2001,[6] SharePoint is primarily sold as a document management and storage system, although it is also used for sharing information through an intranet, implementing internal applications, and for implementing business processes.

Developer(s)Microsoft Corporation
Initial releaseMarch 28, 2001; 22 years ago (2001-03-28)
Stable release
Subscription Edition (SE) / November 2, 2021; 2 years ago (2021-11-02)
Operating systemWindows Server 2016, Windows Server 2019, and Windows Server 2022[1][2]
Available inArabic, Azerbaijani, Basque, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Catalan, Chinese, Croatian, Czech, Danish, Dari, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Galician, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Irish, Italian, Japanese, Kazakh, Korean, Latvian, Lithuanian, Macedonian, Malay, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovak, Slovenian, Spanish, Swedish, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Vietnamese and Welsh[3]
TypeContent management system
LicenseProprietary software Edit this on Wikidata
Microsoft SharePoint for Android
Developer(s)Microsoft Corporation
Stable release
3.26.0 / October 25, 2021; 2 years ago (2021-10-25)[4]
Operating systemAndroid Marshmallow and later
Size27.31 MB
LicenseProprietary commercial software
Microsoft SharePoint for iOS
Developer(s)Microsoft Corporation
Stable release
4.40.1 / November 20, 2021; 2 years ago (2021-11-20)[5]
Operating systemiOS 13 or later
Size79.6 MB
LicenseProprietary commercial software

According to Microsoft, as of December 2020 SharePoint had over 200 million users.[7]

Editions edit

There are various editions of SharePoint which have different functions.

SharePoint Foundation edit

SharePoint Foundation was a free version with basic functionalities, discontinued in 2016.[8]

SharePoint Standard edit

Microsoft SharePoint Standard is a software product that extends the function of Microsoft SharePoint Foundation in several areas:

  • Sites: Audience targeting, governance tools, secure store service, and web analytics.[9]
  • Communities: 'MySites' (personal profiles including skills management and search tools), enterprise wikis, organization hierarchy browser, tags, and notes.[10]
  • Content: Improved tooling and compliance for document and record management, word automation services, and content management.[11]
  • Search: Better search results, search customization, mobile search, 'Did you mean?', OS search integration, Faceted Search, and metadata/relevancy/date/location-based refinement options.[12]
  • Composites: Pre-built workflow templates and Business Connectivity Services (BCS) profile pages.[13]

SharePoint Standard licensing includes a CAL (client access license) component and a server fee. It can also be licensed through a cloud model.

SharePoint Server edit

SharePoint Server is a product offered by Microsoft that provides organizations with greater control over the behavior and design of SharePoint. Unlike SharePoint Online, which is a cloud based service, SharePoint Server is installed on the customers' IT infrastructure, giving them greater customization and control over the platform. SharePoint Server comes in two editions: Standard and Enterprise. The standard edition provides basic features for document management, collaboration, and content management. The Enterprise edition provides advanced features for business intelligence, enterprise content management, and search capabilities.

SharePoint Server can be provisioned as a virtual/cloud server or as a hosted service. Hosted service allow organizations to use SharePoint Server without having to manage the infrastructure themselves.

SharePoint Enterprise edit

Built upon SharePoint Standard, Microsoft SharePoint Enterprise features can be unlocked by providing an additional license key.

Extra features in SharePoint Enterprise include:

SharePoint Enterprise licensing includes a CAL component and a server fee that must be purchased in addition to SharePoint Server licensing. SharePoint Enterprise may also be licensed through a cloud model.

SharePoint Online edit

Microsoft's hosted SharePoint is typically bundled in Microsoft 365 subscriptions, but can be licensed separately.[15] SharePoint Online has the advantage of not needing to maintain one's own servers, but as a result lacks the customization options of a self-hosted installation of SharePoint.

It is limited to a core set of collaboration, file hosting, and document and content management scenarios, and is updated on a frequent basis, but is typically comparable with SharePoint Enterprise.[16][17] Currently, additional capabilities include:

  • Support for SharePoint Framework extensions
  • New "Modern" (Responsive) SharePoint UX (partially included in 2016 – Feature Pack 1)
  • Yammer Integration and Office 365 Groups
  • Integration with Outlook Web App
  • Newer versions of Online Office Document Editor Tools
  • Removal of various file size/number limitations
  • Apps Concept

Missing capabilities include:

  • Some search and UI customizations
  • Many web publishing capabilities
  • Service Application administration options
  • Many customization/solution types will not run
  • No ability to read error (ULS) logs
  • No ability to share a Site Page (ASPX) to external anonymous visitors; only documents (e.g., Word, Excel, Picture) may be shared as such

Applications edit

SharePoint usage varies from organization to organization. The product encompasses a wide variety of capabilities, most of which require configuration and governance.[18]

The most common uses of the SharePoint include:

Enterprise content and document management edit

SharePoint allows for storage, retrieval, searching, archiving, tracking, management, and reporting on electronic documents and records. Many of the functions in this product are designed around various legal, information management, and process requirements in organizations. SharePoint also provides search and 'graph' functionality.[19][20] SharePoint's integration with Microsoft Windows and Microsoft 365 (previously known as Office) allows for collaborative real-time editing, and encrypted/information rights managed synchronization.

This capability is often used to replace an existing corporate file server, and is typically coupled with an enterprise content management policy.[21]

Intranet and social network edit

A SharePoint intranet or intranet portal is a way to centralize access to enterprise information and applications. It is a tool that helps an organization manage its internal communications, applications and information more easily. Microsoft claims that this has organizational benefits such as increased employee engagement, centralizing process management, reducing new staff on-boarding costs, and providing the means to capture and share tacit knowledge (e.g. via tools such as wikis, media libraries, team sites etc.).

Collaborative software edit

SharePoint contains team collaboration groupware capabilities, including: project scheduling (integrated with Outlook and Project), social collaboration, shared mailboxes, and project related document storage and collaboration.[22] Groupware in SharePoint is based around the concept of a "Team Site".

File hosting service (personal cloud) edit

SharePoint Server hosts OneDrive for Business, which allows storage and synchronization of an individual's personal documents, as well as public/private file sharing of those documents. This is typically combined with other Microsoft Office Servers/Services, such as Microsoft Exchange, to produce a "personal cloud".

WebDAV can be used to access files without using the web interface. However, Microsoft's implementation of WebDAV doesn't conform to the official WebDAV protocol and therefore isn't compliant to the WebDAV standard. For example, WebDAV applications have to support the language tagging functionality of the XML specification[23] which Microsoft's implementation doesn't. Only Windows XP to Windows 8 are supported.

Custom web applications edit

SharePoint's custom development capabilities provide an additional layer of services that allow rapid prototyping of integrated (typically line-of-business) web applications.[24] SharePoint provides developers with integration into corporate directories and data sources through standards such as REST/OData/OAuth. Enterprise application developers use SharePoint's security and information management capabilities across a variety of development platforms and scenarios. SharePoint also contains an enterprise "app store" that has different types of external applications which are encapsulated and managed to access to resources such as corporate user data and document data.

Content structure edit

Pages edit

SharePoint provides free-form pages which may be edited in-browser. These may be used to provide content to users, or to provide structure to the SharePoint environment.

Web parts and app parts edit

Web parts and app parts are components (also known as portlets) that can be inserted into Pages. They are used to display information from both SharePoint and third-party applications.

Content item, Content Type, Libraries, Lists, and "Apps" edit

  • Content item is a resource in electronic form. Following are some examples:
    • Document: always has a "Name".
    • Contact: may have Email address and/or Phone number.
    • Sales Invoice: may have Customer ID.
  • Content Types are definitions (or types) of Content items. These definitions describe things like what metadata fields a Document, Contact, or Sales invoice may have. SharePoint allows you to create your own definitions based on the built-in ones. Some built in content types include: Contacts, Appointments, Documents, and Folders.
  • SharePoint Library stores and displays Content items of type Documents and Folders.
  • SharePoint List stores and displays data items such as Contacts. Some built-in content types such as 'Contact' or 'Appointment' allow the list to expose advanced features such as Microsoft Outlook or Project synchronization.[25]

In SharePoint 2013, in some locations, Lists and Libraries were renamed 'Apps' (despite being unrelated to the "SharePoint App Store"). In SharePoint 2016, some of these were renamed back to Lists and Libraries.

Sites edit

A SharePoint Site is a collection of pages, lists, libraries, apps, configurations, features, content types, and sub-sites. Examples of Site templates in SharePoint include: collaboration (team) sites, communication sites, organization sites, wiki sites, blank sites, and publishing sites.

Configuration and customization edit

Web-based configuration edit

SharePoint is primarily configured through a web browser. The web-based user interface provides most of the configuration capability of the product.

Depending on your permission level, the web interface can be used to:

  • Manipulate content structure, site structure, create/delete sites, modify navigation and security, or add/remove apps.
  • Enable or disable product features, upload custom designs/themes, or turn on integrations with other Office products.
  • Configure basic workflows, view usage analytics, manage metadata, configure search options, upload customizations, and set up integration.[26]

SharePoint Designer edit

SharePoint Designer is a semi-deprecated product that provided 'advanced editing' capabilities for HTML/ASPX pages, but remains the primary method of editing SharePoint workflows.

A significant subset of HTML editing features were removed in Designer 2013, and the product is expected to be deprecated in 2016–7.[27]

Microsoft SharePoint's Server Features are configured either using PowerShell, or a Web UI called "Central Administration". Configuration of server farm settings (e.g. search crawl, web application services) can be handled through these central tools.

While Central Administration is limited to farm-wide settings (config DB), it provides access to tools such as the 'SharePoint Health Analyzer', a diagnostic health-checking tool.

In addition to PowerShell's farm configuration features, some limited tools are made available for administering or adjusting settings for sites or site collections in content databases.

A limited subset of these features are available by SharePoint's SaaS providers, including Microsoft.

Custom development edit

  • The SharePoint Framework (SPFx)[28][29] provides a development model based on the TypeScript language. The technical stack is Node.js, Yeoman, Gulp, NPM, and Webpack. It is the only supported way to customize the new modern experience user interface (UI). It has been globally available since mid 2017. It allows a web developer to step into SharePoint development more easily.
  • The SharePoint "App Model", later renamed to the "Add-in model" provides various types of external applications that offer the capability to show authenticated web-based applications through a variety of UI mechanisms. Apps may be either "SharePoint-hosted", or "Provider-hosted". Provider hosted apps may be developed using most back-end web technologies (e.g., NodeJS, PHP). Apps are served through a proxy in SharePoint, which requires some DNS/certificate manipulation in on-premises versions of SharePoint. Microsoft announced the retirement of the Add-in model in November 2023 with an end-of-life date set to April 2026).[30]
  • The SharePoint "Client Object Model" (available for JavaScript and .NET), and REST/SOAP APIs can be referenced from many environments, providing authenticated users access to a wide variety of SharePoint capabilities.[31]
  • "Sand-boxed" plugins can be uploaded by any end-user who has been granted permission. These are security-restricted, and can be governed at multiple levels (including resource consumption management). In multi-tenant cloud environments, these are the only customizations that are typically allowed.
  • Farm features are typically fully trusted code that need to be installed at a farm-level. These are considered deprecated for new development.
  • Service applications: It is possible to integrate directly into the SharePoint SOA bus, at a farm level.

Customization may appear through:

  • Application-to-application integration with SharePoint.
  • Extensions to SharePoint functionality (e.g. custom workflow actions).
  • 'Web Parts' (also known as "portlets", "widgets", or "gadgets") that provide new functionality when added to a page.
  • Pages/sites or page/site templates.[31]

Server architecture edit

SharePoint Server can be scaled down to operate entirely from one developer machine, or scaled up to be managed across hundreds of machines.[32]

Farms edit

A SharePoint farm is a logical grouping of SharePoint servers that share common resources.[33] A farm typically operates stand-alone, but can also subscribe to functions from another farm, or provide functions to another farm. Each farm has its own central configuration database, which is managed through either a PowerShell interface, or a Central Administration website (which relies partly on PowerShell's infrastructure). Each server in the farm is able to directly interface with the central configuration database. Servers use this to configure services (e.g. IIS, windows features, database connections) to match the requirements of the farm, and to report server health issues, resource allocation issues, etc...

Web applications edit

Web applications (WAs) are top-level containers for content in a SharePoint farm. A web application is associated primarily with IIS configuration. A web application consists of a set of access mappings or URLs defined in the SharePoint central management console, which are replicated by SharePoint across every IIS Instance (e.g. Web Application Servers) configured in the farm.

Site collections edit

A site collection is a hierarchical group of 'SharePoint Sites'. Each web application must have at least one site collection. Site collections share common properties (detailed here), common subscriptions to service applications, and can be configured with unique host names.[34] A site collection may have a distinct content databases, or may share a content database with other site collections in the same web application.[32]

Service applications edit

Service applications provide granular pieces of SharePoint functionality to other web and service applications in the farm. Examples of service applications include the User Profile Sync service, and the Search Indexing service. A service application can be turned off, exist on one server, or be load-balanced across many servers in a farm. Service Applications are designed to have independent functionality and independent security scopes.[32]

Administration, security, compliance edit

SharePoint's architecture enables a 'least-privileges' execution permission model.[35]

SharePoint Central Administration (the CA) is a web application that typically exists on a single server in the farm; however, it is also able to be deployed for redundancy to multiple servers.[32] This application provides a complete centralized management interface for web and service applications in the SharePoint farm, including AD account management for web and service applications. In the event of the failure of the CA, Windows PowerShell is typically used on the CA server to reconfigure the farm.

The structure of the SharePoint platform enables multiple WAs to exist on a single farm. In a shared (cloud) hosting environment, owners of these WAs may require their own management console. The SharePoint 'Tenant Administration' (TA) is an optional web application used by web application owners to manage how their web application interacts with the shared resources in the farm.[32]

Compliance, standards and integration edit

  • SharePoint integrates with Microsoft 365 (previously known as Microsoft Office).
  • SharePoint uses Microsoft's OpenXML document standard for integration with Microsoft Office / 365. Document metadata is also stored using this format.
  • SharePoint provides various application programming interfaces (APIs: client-side, server-side, JavaScript) and REST, SOAP and OData-based interfaces.
  • SharePoint can be used to achieve compliance with many document retention, record management, document ID and discovery laws.[36]
  • SharePoint is compatible with CMIS – the Content Management Interoperability Standard, using Microsoft's CMIS Connector.
  • SharePoint by default produces valid XHTML 1.0 that is compliant with WCAG 2.0 accessibility standards.
  • SharePoint can use claims-based authentication, relying on SAML tokens for security assertions. SharePoint provides an open authentication plugin model.
  • SharePoint has support for XLIFF to support the localization of content in SharePoint.[37] Also added support for AppFabric.

History edit

Origins edit

SharePoint evolved from projects codenamed "Office Server" and "Tahoe" during the Office XP development cycle.

"Office Server" evolved out of the FrontPage and Office Server Extensions and "Team Pages". It targeted simple, bottom-up collaboration.

"Tahoe", built on shared technology with Exchange and the "Digital Dashboard", targeted top-down portals, search and document management. The searching and indexing capabilities of SharePoint came from the "Tahoe" feature set. The search and indexing features were a combination of the index and crawling features from the Microsoft Site Server family of products and from the query language of Microsoft Index Server.[38]

GAC-(Global Assembly Cache) is used to accommodate the shared assemblies that are specifically designated to be shared by applications executed on a system.

Versions edit

Successive versions (in chronological order):

  • Office Server Extensions
  • SharePoint Portal Server 2001
  • SharePoint Team Services
  • Windows SharePoint Services 2.0 (free license)
  • SharePoint Portal Server 2003
  • Windows SharePoint Services 3.0 (free license)
  • Microsoft Office SharePoint Server (MOSS) 2007
  • SharePoint Foundation 2010 (free), SharePoint Server 2010 (commercial extension for Foundation), and SharePoint Enterprise 2010 (commercial extension for Server)
  • SharePoint Foundation 2013 (free), SharePoint Server 2013 (extension on top of Foundation), and SharePoint Enterprise 2013.
  • SharePoint Online (Plan 1 and 2).
  • SharePoint Server 2016 and SharePoint Enterprise 2016.
  • SharePoint Server 2019 and SharePoint Enterprise 2019.

Changes in SharePoint 2010 edit

Changes in end-user functionality added in the 2010 version of SharePoint include:

  • New UI with Fluent Ribbon, using wiki-pages rather than 'web-part pages' and offering multi-browser support.
  • New social profiles, and early social networking features
  • Central Administration rebuilt.
  • Restructure of "Shared Service Providers" – Introduction of "Service Applications" SOA model.
  • Sandboxed Solutions and a client-side object-model APIs for JavaScript, Silverlight, and .NET applications
  • Business Connectivity Services, Claims-based Authentication, and Windows PowerShell support

Changes in SharePoint 2013 edit

  • Cross-browser drag & drop support for file uploads/changes, and Follow/Share buttons
  • OneDrive for Business (initially SkyDrive Pro) replaces MySites and Workspaces.
  • Updates to social network feature & new task aggregation tool.
  • Database caching, called Distributed Cache Service[39]
  • Content-aware switching, called Management
  • Audit center (service called eDiscovery)
  • Rebuilt and improved search capabilities
  • Removal of some analytics capabilities
  • UI: JSLink, MDS, theme packs. No more WYSIWYG in SharePoint Designer (visual mode disabled, pages can be edited only in text mode, by directly modifying the source code, usually in ASP.NET or Javascript / CSS / HTML).

Changes in SharePoint 2016 edit


  • Hybrid Improvements
    • Single Sites View
    • Unified Search
    • Search Sensitive Information in Hybrid Search
    • Unified UI (O365)
  • Performance, Scaling & Deployment Improvements
    • Search Scaling Capabilities
    • Site Collection Enhancement
    • Deterministic View Threshold – Removing 5000 Limit
    • Durable Links and Large Files Support
  • Deployment Improvements
    • MinRole
    • Zero Downtime Patching

Changes in SharePoint 2019 edit


  • Modern sites and page layouts
  • Communication sites
  • Large File Support, Character Restrictions, and File/Folder Names

Changes in SharePoint Subscription Edition (SE) edit


  • Authentication and Identity Management
    • Support for OpenID Connect (OIDC) 1.0
    • Enhanced People Picker for modern authentication
    • Improved Integrated Windows authentication over TLS
  • Deployment and Upgrade
    • Support for Windows Server 2022
    • Support for Windows Server Core
    • Support for "N – 2" upgrade from SharePoint 2016 and SharePoint 2019 (and Project Server 2016 and 2019)
    • AppFabric Cache integration
  • Farm Administration
    • Support for host header bindings on Central Administration web application
    • Support for Server Name Indication (SNI) for host header bindings
    • Support for changing web application bindings
    • Easier AAM configuration for Central Administration
    • Federated service applications support "N – 2" consuming farms (SharePoint 2016, 2019, and Subscription Edition)
    • Support for client certificate authentication to SMTP servers
  • Health and Monitoring (new Health Analyzer rules)
    • Certificate notification contacts haven't been configured
    • Upcoming SSL certificate expirations
    • SSL certificates are about to expire
    • SSL certificates have expired
  • Hybrid
    • Better integration with Power Apps and Power Automate
    • Improved hybrid search troubleshooting
  • Search
    • Search result page modernization
    • Support for returning list content in the modern results page
    • Thumbnails in the modern search result page
  • Security
    • SSL certificate management
    • Support for TLS 1.3
    • Strong TLS encryption by default
    • Improved ASP.NET view state security and key management
  • Sites, Lists, and Libraries
    • Accessibility improvements
    • Brick layout for document library thumbnails and image gallery web part
    • Bulk check-in and check-out
    • Bulk file download from document libraries and OneDrive personal sites
    • Image and document thumbnails in document libraries and picture libraries
    • Modern list and library web parts support adding, editing, and deleting content
    • Modern document sets
  • Storage
    • New BLOB storage provider: Remote Share Provider
    • Remote Share Provider diagnostic tool

See also edit

References edit

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  2. ^ "System requirements for SharePoint Server Subscription Edition". Microsoft Documentation. Microsoft Corporation. November 2, 2021. Retrieved January 24, 2022.
  3. ^ "Install or uninstall language packs for SharePoint Servers 2016 and 2019". Microsoft Docs. Microsoft Corporation. Archived from the original on December 18, 2018. Retrieved December 17, 2018.
  4. ^ "Microsoft SharePoint APKs". APKMirror.
  5. ^ "Microsoft SharePoint". App Store. July 18, 2023.
  6. ^ Oleson, Joel (28 December 2007). "7 Years of SharePoint - A History Lesson". Joel Oleson's Blog - SharePoint Land. Microsoft Corporation. MSDN Blogs. Archived from the original on 13 August 2011. Retrieved 13 August 2011.
  7. ^ Spataro, Jared; Microsoft 365, Corporate Vice President for (December 8, 2020). "Over 200 million users rely on SharePoint as Microsoft is again recognized as a Leader in the 2020 Gartner Content Services Platforms Magic Quadrant Report". Microsoft 365 Blog. Retrieved March 27, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  8. ^ "What's deprecated or removed from SharePoint Server 2016". Retrieved November 8, 2016.
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  10. ^ "SharePoint 2010 Editions Comparison - Communities". Microsoft SharePoint 2010 Marketing Website. Microsoft. Retrieved August 13, 2011.
  11. ^ "SharePoint 2010 Editions Comparison - Content". Microsoft SharePoint 2010 Marketing Website. Microsoft. Retrieved August 13, 2011.
  12. ^ "SharePoint 2010 Editions Comparison-earch". Microsoft SharePoint 2010 Marketing Website. Microsoft. Retrieved August 13, 2011.
  13. ^ "SharePoint 2010 Editions Comparison -Composites". Microsoft SharePoint 2010 Marketing Website. Microsoft. Retrieved August 13, 2011.
  14. ^ "SharePoint 2010 Editions Comparisondfdf534". Microsoft SharePoint 2010 Marketing Website. Microsoft. Retrieved August 13, 2011.
  15. ^ "SharePoint Online – Collaboration Software". Retrieved July 24, 2016.
  16. ^ "Compare SharePoint Plans and Options". Microsoft Office. Microsoft. Retrieved January 29, 2015.
  17. ^ "Microsoft FastTrack". Retrieved July 24, 2016.
  18. ^ "Start Building a SharePoint Governance Plan in the Real World | Sharegate". January 7, 2014. Retrieved July 24, 2016.
  19. ^ "Microsoft Graph with SharePoint Framework". Tatvasoft. January 28, 2019. Retrieved February 4, 2020.
  20. ^ "SharePoint – Team Collaboration Software Tools". Microsoft Office. Retrieved May 19, 2015.
  21. ^ Rand Group (April 22, 2020). "SharePoint versus Network File Share (NFS)". Retrieved April 22, 2020.
  22. ^ "Five remote work problems Microsoft 365 solves". Linktech Australia. February 4, 2022. Retrieved June 11, 2022.
  23. ^ <>, Lisa Dusseault (2007). Dusseault, L. (ed.). "HTTP Extensions for Web Distributed Authoring and Versioning (WebDAV)". doi:10.17487/RFC4918.
  24. ^ SharePoint 2013 development overview. (July 16, 2012). Retrieved on 2014-02-22.
  25. ^ "Introduction to Content Types". Retrieved May 19, 2015.
  26. ^ Video: Ribbon highlights In SharePoint 2010. Microsoft Office website. Microsoft. November 30, 2010.
  27. ^ "Ignite 2015 Announcement – There will be no SharePoint Designer 2016 - Eric Overfield". May 11, 2015. Retrieved May 19, 2015.
  28. ^ "What is the SharePoint Framework (SPFx)?". Voitanos. October 6, 2020.
  29. ^ "8 Best Practices in SharePoint Framework (SPFx) Development". TatvaSoft. November 9, 2020.
  30. ^ "SharePoint Add-in model retirement + other services unpacked". Voitanos. December 12, 2023.
  31. ^ a b SharePoint 2010 for Developers. SharePoint website. Microsoft Corporation. Retrieved August 13, 2011.
  32. ^ a b c d e "Logical architecture components (SharePoint Server 2010)". Technet. Microsoft. Retrieved August 13, 2011.
  33. ^ "MSDN Conceptual Overview". October 20, 2016.
  34. ^ "Host-named site collection architecture and deployment (SharePoint 2013)". Retrieved April 25, 2017.
  35. ^ Holme, Dan. "Least Privilege Service Accounts for SharePoint 2010". SharePoint Pro Magazine. Penton Media. Retrieved August 13, 2011.
  36. ^ McNelis, Zack. "SharePoint 2010 – Compliance Everywhere". Technet Blogs - Zach McNelis. Microsoft. Retrieved August 13, 2011.
  37. ^ Kate Kelly, Jesus Barrera Ramos, and Marcus Reid. October 16, 2012. XLIFF in SharePoint 2013. Presentation at FEISGILTT 2012. <>
  38. ^ "Sharepoint History". MSDN. Microsoft corporation. October 5, 2009. Retrieved December 2, 2010.
  39. ^ How-To Videos – Microsoft Office. Retrieved on February 22, 2014.
  40. ^ "New and improved features in SharePoint Server 2016". Retrieved September 19, 2016.
  41. ^ "New Features in SharePoint 2016 – Overview – Centillion Technology Systems". April 6, 2016. Retrieved September 19, 2016.
  42. ^ "Announcing General Availability of SharePoint Server 2019". October 22, 2018. Retrieved October 23, 2018.
  43. ^ "SharePoint Server Subscription Edition General Availability". November 2, 2021. Retrieved November 2, 2021.
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External links edit