Shan State Army – North

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The Shan State Army – North (Burmese: ရှမ်းပြည်တပ်မတော် - မြောက်ပိုင်း; abbreviated SSA-N), also known as Shan State Army/Special Region 3 (SSA/SR-3) is a Shan nationalist insurgent group in Myanmar (Burma). It is the armed wing of the Shan State Progress Party (SSPP).[3]

Shan State Army – North
ပႃႇတီႇမႂ်ႇသုင်ၸိုင်ႈတႆး – တပ်ႉသိုၵ်းၸိုင်ႈတႆး
Dates of operation1971 (1971)–present
Group(s)Shan State Progress Party
HeadquartersWan Hai, Kehsi Township, Shan State
Active regionsShan State, Myanmar
IdeologyShan nationalism
AlliesCPB (1971-1991)
OpponentsState opponents:

Non-state opponents:

Battles and warsInternal conflict in Myanmar


The Shan State Army was founded on 24 April 1964 and the Shan State Progress Party was founded in 1971 as the political wing of the SSA. In 1989, the SSPP signed a ceasefire in 1989 after negotiations with the State Peace and Development Council and was able to obtain a degree of autonomy for the areas under its control, establishing the Special Region 3 of the Shan State. This area included Nam Kham, Langkho, Hsipaw, Kyauk Mae, Mong Hsu, Tang Yang, Mongyai, Kehsi and Lashio Township. The size of the armed group at that time was of about 4.000 fighters. Even after having signed a ceasefire, the Burmese military continued to attack the Shan State Army – North areas.[4]

Although the SSA-N is more conciliatory towards the government than other armed Shan separatist groups, in 2005 it abandoned its base rather than disarm.[5] At one point the Burmese government wished the Shan State Army – North to join its border guard force. Two of the three brigades reportedly agreed to join the border guard, while the other refused.

Renewed hostilitiesEdit

In 2014 the group has clashed with the Burmese army in Kehsi Mansam Township, home to the SSA-N Wanhai headquarters.[6]

Beginning on 6 October 2015 a large scale offensive by the Tatmadaw comprising 20 Burma Army battalions has been launched in central Shan State. The aim of the military is to seize Shan ceasefire territories in Kehsi, Mong Nawng, Mong Hsu and Tangyan townships, using heavy artillery and with fighter jet and helicopter gunship air support to indiscriminately shell and bomb civilian areas. These attacks have displaced thousands of Shan, Palaung, Lisu and Lahu people causing a new humanitarian crisis.[7][8]


The SSA-N originally had three brigades: the 1st, 3rd, and 7th brigades,[9] but two brigades: the 3rd and 7th surrendered in 2009.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Myanmar Peace Monitor
  2. ^ Finney, Richard; Mar (translator), Khet (2 August 2018). "300 Myanmar Villagers Flee Township as Ethnic Armies Approach". Radio Free Asia. Retrieved 3 August 2018. {{cite news}}: |last2= has generic name (help)
  3. ^ Shan State Progress Party/ Shan State Army(ပႃႇတီႇမႂ်ႇသုင်ၸိုင်ႈတႆး/ တပ်ႉသိုၵ်းၸိုင်ႈတႆး ပွတ်းႁွင်ႇ)
  4. ^ Elusive Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement Continues to Distract from Substantial Peace Talks
  5. ^ Uncertainty Reigns in Shan State
  6. ^ Shan State Army – North and govt discuss troop clashes
  7. ^ Govt invasion of Shan state mocks ceasefire pact- Bangkok Post
  8. ^ Attacks in central Shan State
  9. ^ Shan Herald Archived 4 December 2014 at the Wayback Machine

External linksEdit