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Shan State Army - North

The Shan State Army-North (Burmese: ရှမ်းပြည်တပ်မတော် - မြောက်ပိုင်း; abbreviated SSA-N), also known as Shan State Army/Special Region 3 (SSA/SR-3) is a Shan nationalist insurgent group in Myanmar (Burma). It is the armed wing of the Shan State Progress Party (SSPP).[3]

Shan State Army - North
ရှမ်းပြည်တပ်မတော် - မြောက်ပိုင်း
Participant in the Internal conflict in Myanmar
Shan State Army-North flag.png
Flag of the Shan State Army - North
Active1971 (1971)–present
IdeologyShan nationalism
Separatism
Group(s)Shan State Progressive Party
HeadquartersWan Hai, Kehsi Township, Shan State
Area of operationsShan State, Myanmar
Size8,000+[1]
Allies TNLA[2]
Opponent(s)State opponents

Non-state opponents

Battles and war(s)Internal conflict in Myanmar

Contents

HistoryEdit

The Shan State Army was founded in 24 April 1964 and The Shan State Progress Party was founded in 1971, for the political wing of SSA. In 1989, the SSPP signed a ceasefire in 1989 after negotiations with the SLORC and was able to obtain a degree of autonomy for the areas under its control, establishing the Special Region 3 of the Shan State. This area included Nam Kham, Langkho, Hsipaw, Kyauk Mae, Mong Hsu, Tang Yang, Mongyai, Kehsi and Lashio Township. The size of the armed group at that time was of about 4.000 fighters. Even after having signed a ceasefire, the Burmese military continued to attack the Shan State Army-North areas.[4]

Although the SSA-N is more conciliatory towards the government than other armed Shan separatist groups, in 2005 it abandoned its base rather than disarm.[5] At one point the Burmese government wished the Shan State Army - North to join its border guard force. Two of the three brigades reportedly agreed to join the border guard, while the other refused.

Renewed hostilitiesEdit

In 2014 the group has clashed with the Burmese army in Kehsi Mansam Township, home to the SSA-N Wanhai headquarters.[6]

Beginning on 6 October 2015 a large scale offensive by the Tatmadaw comprising 20 Burma Army battalions has been launched in central Shan State. The aim of the military is to seize Shan ceasefire territories in Kehsi, Mong Nawng, Mong Hsu and Tangyan townships, using heavy artillery and with fighter jet and helicopter gunship air support to indiscriminately shell and bomb civilian areas. These attacks have displaced thousands of Shan, Palaung, Lisu and Lahu people causing a new humanitarian crisis.[7][8]

OrganisationEdit

The SSA-N originally had three brigades: the 1st, 3rd, and 7th brigades,[9] but currently only has two.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Myanmar Peace Monitor
  2. ^ Finney, Richard; Mar (translator), Khet (2 August 2018). "300 Myanmar Villagers Flee Township as Ethnic Armies Approach". Radio Free Asia. Retrieved 3 August 2018.
  3. ^ Shan State Progress Party/ Shan State Army
  4. ^ Elusive Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement Continues to Distract from Substantial Peace Talks
  5. ^ Uncertainty Reigns in Shan State
  6. ^ Shan State Army-North and govt discuss troop clashes
  7. ^ Govt invasion of Shan state mocks ceasefire pact- Bangkok Post
  8. ^ Attacks in central Shan State
  9. ^ Shan Herald Archived 4 December 2014 at the Wayback Machine.

External linksEdit