Shah Sultan Rumi

Shāh Sultān Qamar ad-Dīn Rumī (Bengali: শাহ সুলতান কমর উদ্দিন রুমী, Arabic: شاه سلطان قمر الدين رومي‎), was an 11th-century Sufi Muslim figure who in scholarly tradition, is believed to have been the first Sufi who visited and settled in Bengal.[1] His name is associated with the spread of Islam into Netrokona, part of a long history of travel between the Middle East, Central Asia and South Asia.[2][3]


Qamar ad-Din Rumi
হযরত শাহ সুলতান কমর উদ্দিন রুমি রঃ এর মাজার.jpg
Shrine of Shah Sultan Rumi in Madanpur
Other namesKamaruddin
Personal
Died1075 CE
Madanpur, Netrokona
ReligionSunni Islam
Other namesKamaruddin
Senior posting
Period in officeEarly 11th century

BiographyEdit

 
The Shah Sultan Jame Mosque in Madanpur, adjacent to his shrine.

Earlier documents reveal that Rumi arrived in Bengal in 1053 CE (445 Hijri) with his teacher Syed Shah Surkhul Antia and ten disciples. This was a century before the arrival of Muslim general Bakhtiyar Khalji and 250 years before Shah Jalal's Conquest of Sylhet in 1303 CE. Thus, Rumi arrived in Bengal even before the conquests.[4][5]

Rumi and his comrades settled in modern-day Netrokona, an area with no Muslim population and ruled by a Koch king called Ganesh. The message of Islam reached the local residents, many of whom accepted Islam.[6][7] When news of conversions reached the king, Rumi was summoned to the royal court. It is said that Rumi claimed that God granted him the spiritual power, and so he was faced with an ordeal. Poison was offered to him and, as is believed, he was safe and sound even after drinking the poison. All present at the scene accepted Islam and the king granted him the village of Madanpur as well as some neighbouring villages, and made it a rent-free area.[8][9]

Death and legacyEdit

It is assumed that Shah Sultan Rumi died in 1075 CE (475 Hijri). A shrine was built in the village of Madanpur which continues to be visited. A mosque was built adjacent to the shrine complex.[10]

During the colonial period of Bengal, the British East India Company tried to takeover the shrine estate in 1829. This was contested by the guardians of the shrine who provided an old Persian document from 1082 CE. In response, the government abandoned the plan and granted the estate to the document holder; Syed Jalaluddin.[8][5]

There are number of things named after Rumi:

  • Shah Sultan Jame Mosque, Madanpur
  • Shah Sultan Degree College
  • Shah Sultan High School, Madanpur
  • Shah Sultan Digital Institute
  • Shah Sultan Diagnostic Center

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Sufi influence in Bengal". The Daily Star. 2013-08-01. Retrieved 2019-11-28.
  2. ^ Sarwar Alam (15 February 2018). Perceptions of Self, Power, & Gender Among Muslim Women: Narratives from a Rural Community in Bangladesh. Springer. p. 9.
  3. ^ Abdul Matin (2018). Socio-religious reform and Sufism in 20th century Bengal: A study of the role of Pir Abu Bakr of Furfura Sharif, India (SACS Special Issue). p. 26.
  4. ^ Shah Noorur Rahman (1995). "Islam and its Early Introduction in Bengal". Proceedings of the Indian History Congress. 56: 425–434.
  5. ^ a b N. Hanif (2000). Biographical encyclopaedia of Sufis: South Asia. Sarup & Sons. p. 325.
  6. ^ Dr. Md. Yousuf Ali; Abu Sadat Nurullah (Dec 2007). "Challenges of Islamic Da'wah in Bangladesh: The Christian Missions and Their Evangelization". Iiuc Studies : Annual Research Journal of the International Islamic University Chittagong (Iiuc). IIUC Studies. 4: 87–108. ISSN 1813-7733.
  7. ^ Afia Dil (2012). "Impact of Arabic on Bengali Literature and Culture". Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bangladesh (Hum.). 57 (1): 101–152.
  8. ^ a b Abdul Karim (2012). "Shah Sultan Rumi (R)". In Islam, Sirajul; Miah, Sajahan; Khanam, Mahfuza; Ahmed, Sabbir (eds.). Banglapedia: the National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Online ed.). Dhaka, Bangladesh: Banglapedia Trust, Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. ISBN 984-32-0576-6. OCLC 52727562. Retrieved 23 October 2021.
  9. ^ "A Short Walk to the History of Islam in Bengal (Part II) Mohammad Al Amin". Perspective. 2019-02-15. Retrieved 2019-11-28.
  10. ^ Islam, Sirajul; Miah, Sajahan; Khanam, Mahfuza; Ahmed, Sabbir, eds. (2012). "Sufism". Banglapedia: the National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Online ed.). Dhaka, Bangladesh: Banglapedia Trust, Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. ISBN 984-32-0576-6. OCLC 52727562. Retrieved 23 October 2021.