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Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps

Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps (officially abbreviated to SMMC[1][2]) is a billet, as well as a unique enlisted grade of rank, with a unique non-commissioned grade of rank insignia, in the United States Marine Corps.

Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps
USMC-E9-SGMMC.svg
19th Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps Troy E. Black.jpg
Incumbent
SMMC Troy E. Black

since July 26, 2019
 United States Marine Corps
AbbreviationSMMC
Reports toCommandant of the Marine Corps
SeatHeadquarters Marine Corps
AppointerCommandant of the Marine Corps
Term length4 years
FormationMay 23, 1957
First holderWilbur Bestwick
Unofficial namesSergeant Major
Websitewww.hqmc.marines.mil/smmc

HistoryEdit

 
Rank insignia of the SMMC from 1957 to 1970; became the rank insignia for a sergeant major afterwards.

In the U.S. Marine Corps, sergeant major is the ninth and highest enlisted rank, just above first sergeant, and equal in grade to master gunnery sergeant, although the two have different responsibilities. A sergeant major typically serves as the unit commander's senior enlisted adviser and to handle matters of discipline and morale among the enlisted Marines. The Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps is chosen by the Commandant of the Marine Corps to serve as his adviser and is the preeminent and highest ranking enlisted Marine with an order of precedence of a lieutenant general.[3]

Although not officially considered a Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps, when Archibald Sommers was appointed to the grade of Sergeant Major January 1, 1801, it was a solitary post, similar to the modern billet of Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps. In 1833, an act of legislation made the rank of sergeant major permanent for the Marine Corps and by 1899 five Marines held the rank of sergeant major. This continued until 1946, when the rank was abolished, only to be re-introduced in 1954 as part of the Marine Corps rank structure.[4]

The post of Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps was established in 1957 from the order of Assistant Chief of Staff for Personnel at Headquarters Marine Corps, Brigadier general James P. Berkeley, as the Senior Enlisted Advisor to the Commandant of the Marine Corps,[4] the first such post in any of the five branches of the United States Armed Forces.[5] In 1970, the rank insignia of the Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps was authorized (which features three stripes, the Eagle, Globe, and Anchor flanked by two five-point stars in the center, and four rockers) as opposed to the standard Sergeant Major rank insignia (which features three stripes, one five-point star in the center, and four rockers), which was used for the rank from the post's creation in 1957 to 1970. While "Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps" is the full wording of the rank, the verbal address for this is commonly Sergeant Major.

The Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps is selected by the Commandant of the Marine Corps and typically serves a four-year term, though his service is at the discretion of the Commandant.[5] Since Sergeant Major Wilbur Bestwick was appointed the first Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps in 1957, 17 different Marines have filled this post.[6]

On January 20, 2015, Commandant Joseph Dunford announced that Sergeant Major Ronald L. Green would relieve Sergeant Major Micheal Barrett and serve as the 18th Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps on February 20, 2015.[7]

In April, 2019, Sergeant Major Troy E. Black was announced to be the next Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps. Black succeeded Sergeant Major Green at a ceremony on July 26, 2019.[8]

Sergeants Major of the Marine CorpsEdit

# Picture Name Tenure from Tenure to Duration
1   Bestwick Wilbur Bestwick[9] May 23, 1957 September 1, 1959 2 years, 101 days
2   Rauber Francis D. Rauber[10] September 1, 1959 June 29, 1962 2 years, 301 days
3   McHugh Thomas J. McHugh[11] June 29, 1962 July 17, 1965 3 years, 18 days
4   Sweet Herbert J. Sweet[12] July 17, 1965 August 1, 1969 4 years, 15 days
5   Dailey Joseph W. Dailey[13] August 1, 1969 February 1, 1973 3 years, 184 days
6   Puckett Clinton A. Puckett[14] February 1, 1973 June 1, 1975 2 years, 120 days
7   Black Henry H. Black[15] June 1, 1975 April 1, 1977 1 year, 304 days
8   Massaro John R. Massaro[16] April 1, 1977 August 16, 1979 2 years, 137 days
9   Crawford Leland D. Crawford[17] August 16, 1979 June 28, 1983 3 years, 316 days
10   Cleary Robert E. Cleary[18] June 28, 1983 June 27, 1987 3 years, 364 days
11   Sommers David W. Sommers[19] June 27, 1987 June 28, 1991 4 years, 1 day
12   Overstreet Harold G. Overstreet[20] June 28, 1991 June 30, 1995 4 years, 2 days
13   Lee Lewis G. Lee[21] June 30, 1995 June 29, 1999 3 years, 364 days
14   McMichael Alford L. McMichael[22] June 29, 1999 June 26, 2003 3 years, 362 days
15   Estrada John L. Estrada[23] June 26, 2003 April 25, 2007 3 years, 303 days
16   Kent Carlton W. Kent[24] April 25, 2007 June 9, 2011 4 years, 45 days
17   Barrett Micheal P. Barrett[25] June 9, 2011 February 20, 2015 3 years, 256 days
18   Green Ronald L. Green[26] February 20, 2015 July 26, 2019 4 years, 156 days
19   Black Troy E. Black[27] July 26, 2019 Incumbent 96 days

TimelineEdit

Troy E. BlackRonald L. GreenMicheal BarrettCarlton W. KentJohn L. EstradaAlford L. McMichaelLewis G. LeeHarold G. OverstreetDavid W. SommersRobert E. ClearyLeland D. CrawfordJohn R. MassaroHenry H. BlackClinton A. PuckettJoseph W. DaileyHerbert J. SweetThomas J. McHughFrancis D. RauberWilbur Bestwick 

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

General
  • "The Official Web Site of the Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps". United States Marine Corps. Retrieved 2014-07-19.
Specific
  1. ^ "ALMAR 016/09: 2009 Sergeants Major Symposium". United States Marine Corps. 2009-05-13. Archived from the original on 24 February 2013. Retrieved 22 December 2009.
  2. ^ SMMC on TheFreeDictionary.com
  3. ^ Order of Precedence – OPNAVINST 1710.7J (NOTES: 7)
  4. ^ a b "Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps". hqmc.marines.mil. Retrieved 2013-07-06.
  5. ^ a b Estrada, John L. "Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps". 15smmc.com. Retrieved 2009-06-22.[dead link]
  6. ^ "Previous SMMC". hqmc.marines.mil. Retrieved 2013-07-06.
  7. ^ "NEXT SERGEANT MAJOR OF THE MARINE CORPS ANNOUNCED". January 20, 2015. Retrieved January 20, 2015.
  8. ^ https://www.marinecorpstimes.com/news/your-marine-corps/2019/04/25/marines-name-next-sergeant-major-of-the-corps/
  9. ^ "Sergeant Major Wilbur Bestwick, USMC (Deceased)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Archived from the original on 2011-06-15. Retrieved 2009-06-22.
  10. ^ "Sergeant Major Francis Drury Rauber, USMC (Deceased)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Archived from the original on 2011-06-15. Retrieved 2009-06-22.
  11. ^ "Sergeant Major Thomas J. McHugh, USMC (Deceased)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Archived from the original on 2011-05-16. Retrieved 2009-06-22.
  12. ^ "Sergeant Major Herbert J. Sweet, USMC (Deceased)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Archived from the original on 2011-06-15. Retrieved 2009-06-22.
  13. ^ "Sergeant Major Joseph W. Dailey, USMC (Deceased)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Archived from the original on 2011-05-16. Retrieved 2009-06-22.
  14. ^ "Sergeant Major Clinton A. Puckett, USMC (Deceased)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Archived from the original on 2011-06-15. Retrieved 2009-06-22.
  15. ^ "Sergeant Major Henry H. Black, USMC (Retired)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Archived from the original on 2011-06-15. Retrieved 2009-06-22.
  16. ^ "Sergeant Major John R. Massaro, USMC (Retired)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Archived from the original on 2011-05-16. Retrieved 2009-06-22.
  17. ^ "Sergeant Major Leland D. Crawford, USMC (Deceased)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Archived from the original on 2011-06-15. Retrieved 2009-06-22.
  18. ^ "Sergeant Major Robert E. Cleary, USMC (Retired)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Archived from the original on 2010-12-15. Retrieved 2009-06-22.
  19. ^ "Sergeant Major David W. Sommers, USMC (Retired)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Archived from the original on 2011-06-15. Retrieved 2009-06-22.
  20. ^ "Sergeant Major Harold G. Overstreet, USMC (Retired)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Archived from the original on 2011-06-15. Retrieved 2009-06-22.
  21. ^ "Sergeant Major Lewis G. Lee, USMC (Retired)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Archived from the original on 2011-05-16. Retrieved 2009-06-22.
  22. ^ "Sergeant Major Alford L. McMichael, USMC (Retired)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Archived from the original on 2011-07-22. Retrieved 2009-06-22.
  23. ^ "Sergeant Major John L. Estrada, USMC (Retired)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Archived from the original on 2010-12-14. Retrieved 2009-06-22.
  24. ^ "Sergeant Major Carlton W. Kent, USMC". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Archived from the original on 2011-06-15. Retrieved 2009-06-22.
  25. ^ "Sergeant Major Michael P. Barrett, USMC". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Retrieved 2015-02-21.
  26. ^ "Sergeant Major Ronald L. Green, USMC". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Retrieved 2015-02-21.
  27. ^ "Sergeant Major Troy E. Black, USMC". Marines.Mil. United States Marine Corps. Retrieved 2019-07-28.

External linksEdit