Serajoedal Stoomtram Maatschappij

The Serajoedal Stoomtram Maatschappij (SDS or SDSM, Dutch for Serayu Valley Steam Tram Company, Indonesian also Perusahaan Trem Uap Lembah Serayu) was a railway company, whose route followed the Serayu Valley and connected Maos via Patikraja, Purwokerto, Sokaraja, Purbalingga, Klampok, Mandiraja and Banjarnegara with Wonosobo on 142 kilometers of rail network.

Serajoedal Stoomtram Maatschappij
COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Spoorbrug van de Serajoedal-Stoomtram-Maatschappij over de Peloes-rivier in de dessa Soekaradja-Wetan vlak bij de halte Soekaradja Midden-Java TMnr 60004521.jpg
Bridge over Peloes River
near Soekaradja Station
Map of Serajoedal Stoomtram Maatschappij (July 1918).pdf
Map of track, July 1918
Technical
Line length142 kilometres (88 mi)
Track gauge1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Map of stations

HistoryEdit

The company was founded in 1894 after R.H. Eysonius de Waal and O.J.A. Repelaer van Driel had received concessions for the construction and operation of a steam railway in 1893 and 1894.[1]

The construction of the route was carried out sequentially in three phases. The construction of the track cost 1,500,000 guilders, financed by the Financiele Maaatscappij van Nijverheidsondernemingen in Ned. Indies. The project was led by the engineer C. Groll. The railway line was built on the basis of Dutch economic interests by providing fast and cheap means of transport to Dutch government companies, especially sugar factories.

The route was shut down from 1978 to 1980 section by section. The assets, which had been formerly owned by the SDS and later the PT Kereta Api Indonesia belonged to the Department of Transportation of the Republic of Indonesia from the 1980s to regional autonomy in 2001 and to the Transportation Department of the province of Central Java from 2001 to 2006 .

LocomotivesEdit

 
Steam train in front of the Kalibagor sugar refinery

UsageEdit

The following companies used the railway: Sugarcane plantations and sugar mills: Purwokerto sugar factory (Suikerfabriek Poerwokerto), Kalibagor sugar factory (Suikeronderneming Kalibagor), Kalimanah sugar factory (Suikerfabriek Kalimanah), Bojong sugar factory (Suikerfabriek Bodjong) and Klampok sugar company (Suikeronderneming Klampok)

  • Tobacco plantations in Patikraja, Purbalingga, Banjarnegara and Wonosobo
  • Cinnamon plantations in Wonosobo and Banjarnegara
  • Tea plantations in Wonosobo and Banjarnegara

Phases of track constructionEdit

 
Station Soekaradja

First PhaseEdit

  • Maos – Purwokerto Timur (29 km), inaugurated on 16 July 1896 (Maos – Rawalo – Panisinan – Tinggartugu – Glempong – Tinggarjengkol – Gringging – Sampang – Kebasen – Patikraja – Sidabowa – Tanjung – Purwokerto Timur)
  • Purwokerto Timur – Sokaraja (9 km), inaugurated on 5 December 1896 (Purwokerto Timur – Pasar Wage – Sangkalputung – Sokaraja – Zuckerfabrik Kalibagor)
  • Sokaraja – Purworeja Klampok (16 km), inaugurated on 2 July 1897 eingeweiht (Sokaraja – Banjarsari – Muntang – Karangkemiri – Kemangkon – Purworeja Klampok)
  • Purworeja Klampok – Banjarnegara (30 km), inaugurated on 18 May 1898 eingeweiht (Purworeja Klampok – Gandulekor – Mandiraja – Purwonegoro – Gumiwang – Binorong – Mantrianom – Pucang – Wangon – Banjarnegara)
  • Purworeja Klampok – Kandis (7 km), inaugurated on 16 July 1898 eingeweiht (Purworeja Klampok – Tangan Kidul – Tangan Lor – Kayutanam – Bronggong – Kandis)

Second PhaseEdit

  • Banjarsari – Purbalingga (7 km), inaugurated on 1 July 1900 (Banjarsari – Jompo – Kalimanah – Purbalingga)

Third PhaseEdit

  • Banjarnegara – Selokromo (9 km) inaugurated on 1 May 1916 (Banjarnegara – Soalanandi – Singomerto – Sigalu – Prigi – Bandingan – Bojonegoro – Tunggoro – Selokromo)
  • Selokromo – Wonosobo (14 km), inaugurated on 7 June 1917 eingeweiht (Selokromo – Krasak – Selomerto – Penawangan – Wonosobo)

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit