Senior Minister of Singapore

Senior Minister of Singapore is a position in the Cabinet of Singapore. Holders of this office have served as either the prime minister or the deputy prime minister. Among the executive branch officeholders in the order of precedence, the position ranks after the prime minister and the deputy prime minister. They also serve as part of the Prime Minister's Office and work at The Istana.

Senior Minister of the
Republic of Singapore
Coat of arms of Singapore.svg
Teo Chee Hean 2.jpg Tharman Shanmugaratnam at the official opening of Yuan Ching Secondary School's new building, Singapore - 20100716 (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Teo Chee Hean
Tharman Shanmugaratnam
since 1 May 2019
Prime Minister's Office
Style
AbbreviationSM
AppointerPrime Minister of Singapore
Term lengthAt the Prime Minister's pleasure
Formation2 January 1985; 38 years ago (1985-01-02)
SalaryS$1,100,000 annually
(including S$192,500 MP salary)
Websitewww.pmo.gov.sg

BackgroundEdit

S. Rajaratnam, Singapore's first Minister for Foreign Affairs, took on the newly-created role of Senior Minister in 1985 before retiring in 1988.[1] Prior to that, he served as Deputy Prime Minister between 1980 and 1985.

Lee Kuan Yew, Singapore's first Prime Minister, was appointed as Senior Minister in 1990, after being succeeded by Goh Chok Tong as prime minister. He was ranked second in the order of precedence, superseding the incumbent Deputy Prime Ministers Lee Hsien Loong and Ong Teng Cheong.[2]

Goh Chok Tong was appointed Senior Minister in 2004 after handing over the office of Prime Minister to Lee Hsien Loong. As Senior Minister, he was ranked second in the order of precedence, while Lee Kuan Yew, who was appointed as Minister Mentor, ranked third in the order of precedence.[3]

S. Jayakumar relinquished his role as Deputy Prime Minister in 2009 and was appointed as Senior Minister before retiring from politics in 2011.[4]

After the 2011 general election, Minister Mentor Lee Kuan Yew and Senior Minister Goh Chok Tong left the Cabinet but remained as Members of Parliament. Goh accepted an honorary title of Emeritus Senior Minister (ESM); Lee was also offered a similar title but he declined and continued to serve as a Member of Parliament until his death on 23 March 2015.[5]

Between 21 May 2011 and 1 May 2019, the office of Senior Minister was vacant. After this eight-year gap, two former Deputy Prime Ministers Teo Chee Hean and Tharman Shanmugaratnam was appointed as Senior Ministers, after being succeeded by Heng Swee Keat as Deputy Prime Minister.[6]

List of senior ministersEdit

The Senior Minister is appointed as part of the Cabinet of Singapore. The incumbent ministers are Teo Chee Hean and Tharman Shanmugaratnam.

No. Image Name Start of term End of term Political Party
1 S. Rajaratnam 2 January 1985 3 September 1988   People's Action Party
Vacant (1988–1990)
2   Lee Kuan Yew 28 November 1990 12 August 2004   People's Action Party
3   Goh Chok Tong 12 August 2004 21 May 2011
4   S. Jayakumar 1 April 2009 21 May 2011
Vacant (2011–2019)
5   Teo Chee Hean 1 May 2019 Incumbent   People's Action Party
  Tharman Shanmugaratnam Incumbent

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ National Library Board, Singapore. "S. Rajaratnam". nlb.gov.sg.
  2. ^ Rachel Chang. "New man at the helm: The first leadership handover, from Lee Kuan Yew". The Straits Times.
  3. ^ National Library Board, Singapore. "Goh Chok Tong". nlb.gov.sg.
  4. ^ "Valedictory Letter from Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong to Prof S. Jayakumar". pmo.gov.sg.
  5. ^ "SM Goh, MM Lee to leave Cabinet". Channel NewsAsia. Singapore. 14 May 2011.
  6. ^ "Heng Swee Keat to be promoted to DPM in Cabinet reshuffle". Channel NewsAsia. 23 Apr 2019. Retrieved 23 Apr 2019.