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Semien Province (Tigrinya:ወረዳ ሰሜን, Semien woreda) was a historical province of northwest Ethiopia, often called Northern part of Tigray . Historically it has always been part of the old Tigray state (and before that, it was part of Kingdom of Axum where its capital city was Axum).[1] It was located south and west of the Tekezé River.[2] It was west of Tembien province, south west of Mereb Lehe and to the far east of the Sudan. It was included under the former Begemder Province from 1941 to 1995, when Haile Selassie expanded Begemder province.[3]

HistoryEdit

Semien Province has always been part of the old Gonder region (for the 3000 years history of Ethiopia [4][5][6]) before Haile Selassie changed it on 1941/1943).[7] [8][9] However, this position lacks credibility as there was no region named after an ethnic group before the 1991 ratification of Ethiopian constitution. Projecting current political feuds into reinterpretation of history is one of the main consequences/failures of the current Ethiopian constitution. [10]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "The British Museum, "The wealth of Africa:- The kingdom of Aksum"" (PDF).
  2. ^ "Seconda edizione della nuova carta dei dominii e Protettorati Italiani nell' Eritrea e regioni Limitrofe (Sudan - Abissinia - Harar)". 1:1,500,000. Italie. Ministero della Guerra. 1896.
  3. ^ Bereket Habte Selassie, "Constitutional Development in Ethiopia", Journal of African Law, 10 (1966), p. 79.
  4. ^ "Bernard Leeman, THE REALM OF D'MT - ONE AND THE SAME AS QUEEN YODIT'S DAMOT?".
  5. ^ Shaw, Thurstan (1995), The Archaeology of Africa: Food, Metals and Towns, Routledge, p. 612, ISBN 978-0-415-11585-8
  6. ^ "The British Museum, "The wealth of Africa:- The kingdom of Aksum"" (PDF).
  7. ^ Bereket Habte Selassie, "Constitutional Development in Ethiopia", Journal of African Law, 10 (1966), p. 79.
  8. ^ "Sarah Vaughan, "Ethnicity and Power in Ethiopia", PhD dissertation, p. 123, 2003" (PDF).
  9. ^ The 1994 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia Results for Tigray Region. 1. Addis Ababa: Central Statistical Authority. 1995. p. 70.
  10. ^ https://www.wipo.int/edocs/lexdocs/laws/en/et/et007en.pdf