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Selizharovo (Russian: Селижа́рово) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) and the administrative center of Selizharovsky District of Tver Oblast, Russia situated at the confluence of the Selizharovka and Volga Rivers. Population: 6,725 (2010 Census);[4] 7,330 (2002 Census);[9] 7,668 (1989 Census).[10]

Selizharovo

Селижарово
Work settlement[1]
Location of Selizharovo
Selizharovo is located in Russia
Selizharovo
Selizharovo
Location of Selizharovo
Selizharovo is located in Tver Oblast
Selizharovo
Selizharovo
Selizharovo (Tver Oblast)
Coordinates: 56°51′N 33°27′E / 56.850°N 33.450°E / 56.850; 33.450Coordinates: 56°51′N 33°27′E / 56.850°N 33.450°E / 56.850; 33.450
CountryRussia
Federal subjectTver Oblast[1]
Administrative districtSelizharovsky District[2]
First mentioned1504[3]
Urban-type settlement status since1937[3]
Population
 • Total6,725
 • Estimate 
(2018)[5]
5,914 (-12.1%)
 • Capital ofSelizharovsky District[2]
 • Municipal districtSelizharovsky Municipal District[6]
 • Urban settlementSelizharovo Urban Settlement[6]
 • Capital ofSelizharovsky Municipal District, Selizharovo Urban Settlement[6]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[7])
Postal code(s)[8]
172200, 172201
OKTMO ID28650151051

HistoryEdit

Selizharovo was first mentioned in 1504. In 1547 Tsar Ivan the Terrible gave it to the Simonov Monastery which was located in Moscow.[3]

In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, the area was included into Ingermanlandia Governorate (since 1710 known as Saint Petersburg Governorate), and in 1727 Novgorod Governorate split off. In 1772, Ostashkov was granted town status, and Ostashkovsky Uyezd of Novgorod Governorate was established, with the seat in Ostashkov. Selizharovo was included into Ostashkovsky Uyezd. In 1775, Tver Viceroyalty was formed from the lands which previously belonged to Moscow and Novgorod Governorates, and the area was transferred to Tver Viceroyalty, which in 1796 was transformed to Tver Governorate.[11] In 1862, settlements which formerly belonged to them monastery were merged into Selizharovsky Posad, which eventually was mentioned as Selizharovo. In 1916, the railway construction was completed.[3]

On 1 October 1929, governorates and uyezds were abolished, and Selizharovsky District with the administrative center in the selo of Selizharovo was established. It belonged to Rzhev Okrug of Western Oblast.[11][12] On August 1, 1930 the okrugs were abolished, and the districts were subordinated directly to the oblast. On January 29, 1935 Kalinin Oblast was established, and Selizharovsky District was transferred to Kalinin Oblast.[12][13] In 1936, Selizharovsky District was renamed Kirovsky District. In 1937, Selizharovo was granted urban-type settlement status. During World War II, in 1941, Selizharovo was occupied by German troops between October 1941 and January 15, 1942.[3] In February 1963, during the abortive administrative reform by Nikita Khrushchev, Kirovsky and Penovsky Districts were merged into Ostashkovsky District. On January 12, 1965 Selizharovsky District (which occupied the area of Kirovsky District) was re-established.[13] In 1990, Kalinin Oblast was renamed Tver Oblast.[11]

EconomyEdit

IndustryEdit

There are enterprises of timber and food industries.[14] At Selizharovo, there is a 350-meter (1,150 ft) tall guyed TV mast, built in 1971.

TransportationEdit

A railway line which connects Likhoslavl with Soblago via Torzhok and Kuvshinovo passes Selizharovo. It is served by infrequent passenger traffic.

A paved road connecting Ostashkov and Rzhev runs through Selizharovo as well. There are also local roads with bus traffic originating from Selizharovo.

Culture and recreationEdit

Selizharovo contains four cultural heritage monuments of federal significance and additionally one object classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance. The federally protected monuments include the Resurrection Church in Selizharovo, two residential houses and a military cemetery.[15]

Selizharovo hosts a local museum, which has expositions on the history of the area.[16]

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b Law #34-ZO
  2. ^ a b Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 28 250 551 7», в ред. изменения №278/2015 от 1 января 2016 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division (OKATO). Code 28 250 551 7, as amended by the Amendment #278/2015 of January 1, 2016. ).
  3. ^ a b c d e Историческая справка (in Russian). Selizharovsky District Administration. Retrieved February 12, 2015.
  4. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  5. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  6. ^ a b c Law #45-ZO
  7. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  8. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  9. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  10. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  11. ^ a b c Малыгин, П. Д.; Смирнов, С. Н. (2007). История административно-территориального деления Тверской Области (PDF). Tver. pp. 14–15. OCLC 540329541.
  12. ^ a b Воробьёв, М. В. (1993). Г. В. Туфанова (ed.). Административно-территориальное деление Смоленской области (in Russian). Государственный архив Смоленской области. pp. 118–133.
  13. ^ a b Справка об изменениях в административно-территориальном делении Тверской губернии - Калининской области (in Russian). Архивы России. Archived from the original on April 19, 2012. Retrieved March 1, 2014.
  14. ^ Инфраструктура района (in Russian). Selizharovsky District Administration. Archived from the original on April 6, 2014. Retrieved February 10, 2015.
  15. ^ Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved June 2, 2016.
  16. ^ Селижаровское муниципальное учреждение «Музей» (in Russian). Selizharovsky District Administration. Retrieved February 12, 2015.

SourcesEdit

  • Законодательное Собрание Тверской области. Закон №34-ЗО от 17 апреля 2006 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Тверской области», в ред. Закона №66-ЗО от 1 октября 2014 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 18 Закона Тверской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Тверской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Тверские ведомости", №17 (специальный выпуск), 19 апреля 2006 г. (Legislative Assembly of Tver Oblast. Law #34-ZO of April 17, 2006 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Tver Oblast, as amended by the Law #66-ZO of October 1, 2014 On Amending Article 18 of the Law of Tver Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Tver Oblast". Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Тверской области. Закон №4-ЗО от 18 января 2005 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований Тверской области и наделении их статусом городских округов, муниципальных районов», в ред. Закона №65-ЗО от 24 июля 2012 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 2 Закона Тверской области "Об установлении границ муниципальных образований Тверской области и наделении их статусом городских округов, муниципальных районов"». Вступил в силу через десять дней после официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Тверские ведомости", №3, 21–27 января 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of Tver Oblast. Law #4-ZO of January 18, 2005 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Tver Oblast and on Granting Them the Status of Urban Okrugs, Municipal Districts, as amended by the Law #65-ZO of July 24, 2012 On Amending Article 2 of the Law of Tver Oblast "On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Tver Oblast and on Granting Them the Status of Urban Okrugs, Municipal Districts". Effective as of the day which is ten days after the official publication.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Тверской области. Закон №45-ЗО от 28 февраля 2005 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории муниципального образования Тверской области "Селижаровский район", и наделении их статусом городского, сельского поселения», в ред. Закона №36-ЗО от 4 июня 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Приложение №1 к Закону Тверской области "Об установлении границ муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории муниципального образования Тверской области "Селижаровский район", и наделении их статусом городского, сельского поселения"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Тверские ведомости", №10, 11–17 марта 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of Tver Oblast. Law #45-ZO of February 28, 2005 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Comprised by the Territory of the Municipal Formation of "Selizharovsky District" and on Granting Them the Status of Urban, Rural Settlements, as amended by the Law #36-ZO of June 4, 2014 On Amending Appendix No. 1 to the Law of Tver Oblast "On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Comprised by the Territory of the Municipal Formation of "Selizharovsky District" and on Granting Them the Status of Urban, Rural Settlements". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).