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Sekigahara (関ケ原町, Sekigahara-chō) is a town located in Fuwa District, Gifu Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 December 2018, the town had an estimated population of 7,109 and a population density of 140 persons per km2, in 2,725 households.[2] The total area of the town was 49.28 square kilometres (19.03 sq mi).

Sekigahara

関ケ原町
Sekigahara Town Hall
Sekigahara Town Hall
Flag of Sekigahara
Flag
Official seal of Sekigahara
Seal
Location of Sekigahara in Gifu Prefecture
Location of Sekigahara in Gifu Prefecture
Sekigahara is located in Japan
Sekigahara
Sekigahara
 
Coordinates: 35°21′55.8″N 136°28′01″E / 35.365500°N 136.46694°E / 35.365500; 136.46694Coordinates: 35°21′55.8″N 136°28′01″E / 35.365500°N 136.46694°E / 35.365500; 136.46694
CountryJapan
RegionChūbu
PrefectureGifu
DistrictFuwa
Government
 • MayorKentarō Azai
Area
 • Total49.28 km2 (19.03 sq mi)
Population
 (December 1, 2018)
 • Total7,109
 • Density140/km2 (370/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
City symbols 
- TreeJapanese Cedar[1]
- FlowerUme[1]
- BirdRock ptarmigan
Phone number0585-22-2111
AddressSekigahara 894-58, Sekigahara-chō, Fuwa-gun, Gifu-ken 503-1592
WebsiteOfficial website
Site of the Battle of Sekigahara

Contents

GeographyEdit

Sekigahara is located in a mountainous valley in far southwestern Gifu Prefecture, which forms a natural bottleneck connecting the Kansai region with the Tōkai region of Japan. The routes of the ancient Nakasendō highway and the modern Meishin Expressway, as well as the Tōkaidō Shinkansen and Tōkaidō Main Line all pass through this area. The town has a climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and mild winters (Köppen climate classification Cfa). The average annual temperature in Sekigahara is 14.4 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1908 mm with September as the wettest month.The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 26.9 °C, and lowest in January, at around 3.2 °C.[3] The mountainous areas of the town are noted for heavy snow in winter.

Climate data for Sekigahara
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 6.7
(44.1)
7.6
(45.7)
11.5
(52.7)
17.9
(64.2)
22.4
(72.3)
25.9
(78.6)
29.5
(85.1)
31.4
(88.5)
27.2
(81.0)
21.5
(70.7)
15.6
(60.1)
9.8
(49.6)
18.9
(66.1)
Average low °C (°F) −0.3
(31.5)
−0.2
(31.6)
2.4
(36.3)
7.6
(45.7)
12.6
(54.7)
17.4
(63.3)
21.7
(71.1)
22.8
(73.0)
18.9
(66.0)
12.4
(54.3)
6.6
(43.9)
2.0
(35.6)
10.3
(50.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 140.0
(5.51)
117.8
(4.64)
147.7
(5.81)
164.2
(6.46)
203.2
(8.00)
272.6
(10.73)
287.1
(11.30)
184.5
(7.26)
250.9
(9.88)
137.3
(5.41)
103.5
(4.07)
116.3
(4.58)
2,125.1
(83.65)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 62
(24)
45
(18)
10
(3.9)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.4)
0
(0)
28
(11)
146
(57.3)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 15.7 13.7 13.7 11.1 11.5 12.9 13.7 10.4 11.5 9.7 10.5 15.0 149.4
Mean monthly sunshine hours 114.8 127.2 159.9 181.7 175.9 142.5 153.1 176.8 137.5 150.7 138.7 122.7 1,781.5
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency

Neighbouring municipalitiesEdit

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data,[4] the population of Sekigahara has declined over the past 40 years.

Census Year Population
1970 10,788
1980 10,483
1990 9,544
2000 9,110
2010 8,096

HistoryEdit

The area around Sekigahara was part of traditional Mino Province. In 1600, the Battle of Sekigahara took place here. During the Edo period it was tenryō territory directly under the Tokugawa shogunate, administered by a hatamoto. During the post-Meiji restoration cadastral reforms, the area was organised into Fuwa District, Gifu Prefecture. The village of Sekigahara was formed on July 1, 1889 with the establishment of the modern municipalities system, and was raised to town status on April 1, 1928. In 1954, Sekigahara annexed the village of Imasu, as well as part of the neighboring town of Tarui. A proposed merger with the neighboring city of Ōgaki was rejected in 2004.

EducationEdit

Sekigahara has one public elementary school and one public middle school operated by the town government, and one private combined elementary/middle school. The town does not have a high school.

TransportationEdit

Sister city relationsEdit

Local attractionsEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b 町のプロフィール>町章と町民憲章. Sekigahara official website (in Japanese). Retrieved August 14, 2011.
  2. ^ Sekigahara Town official statistics (in Japanese)
  3. ^ climate data
  4. ^ Sekigahara population statistics
  5. ^ "Sister Cities Share Bond". Gettysburg Times. 5 September 2016. Retrieved 2016-05-08.

External linksEdit