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The section sign (§) is a typographical character for referencing individual numbered sections of a document, frequently used when referring to legal code.[1] Encoded as Unicode U+00A7 § Section Sign and HTML § it is also commonly called section symbol, section mark, double-s, or alternatively paragraph mark in parts of Europe.[2][3]

Section sign
apostrophe  '
brackets [ ]  ( )  { }  ⟨ ⟩
colon :
comma ,  ،  
dash ‒  –  —  ―
ellipsis  ...      
exclamation mark !
full stop, period .
guillemets ‹ ›  « »
hyphen-minus -
question mark ?
quotation marks ‘ ’  “ ”  ' '  " "
semicolon ;
slash, stroke, solidus /    
Word dividers
interpunct ·
General typography
ampersand &
asterisk *
at sign @
backslash \
basis point
caret ^
dagger † ‡ ⹋
degree °
ditto mark
equals sign =
inverted exclamation mark ¡
inverted question mark ¿
komejirushi, kome, reference mark
multiplication sign ×
number sign, pound, hash #
numero sign
obelus ÷
ordinal indicator º ª
percent, per mil % ‰
plus, minus + −
plus-minus, minus-plus ± ∓
section sign §
tilde ~
underscore, understrike _
vertical bar, pipe, broken bar |    ¦
Intellectual property
copyright ©
copyleft 🄯
sound-recording copyright
registered trademark ®
service mark
currency sign ¤

؋฿¢$֏ƒ£元 圆 圓 ¥ 円

Uncommon typography
fleuron, hedera
index, fist
irony punctuation
In other scripts



§ is often used when referring to a specific section of legal code, for example in APA style "Title 16 of the United States Code Section 580p" becomes "16 US Code § 580p".[4] The section sign (§) is frequently used along with the pilcrow (¶) or paragraph sign to reference a specific paragraph within a section of a document. While § is usually spoken as section, European countries may read it as paragraph.[5] When duplicated, as §§, it is read as the plural "sections" (e.g. "§§ 13–21"), much as "pp." (pages) is the plural of "p."

It may also be used with footnotes when asterisk (*), dagger (†) and double dagger (‡) have already been used on a given page. It is common practice to follow the section sign with a non-breaking space so the symbol is kept with the section number being cited.[1][6](p212,233)

The section sign is itself sometimes a symbol of the justice system, in much the same way as the Rod of Asclepius is used to represent medicine. The Austrian Ministry of Justice used the symbol in its logo for a time.

In Brazil, the sign may be used to represent numbered article paragraphs following the initial paragraph (Latin: caput).[7]

Keyboard entryEdit

Many platforms and languages have support for the section sign:

  • MacOS: ⌥ Option+6
  • Windows: Alt+0167 or Alt+21
  • iOS: & (long press)
  • Android: (long press)
  • Linux: Composes!
  • Unicode: U+00A7 § Section Sign
  • TeX: \S
  • HTML: §, §
  • URL Encoding: %A7 (Latin1) or %C2%A7 (UTF8)

Some keyboards include dedicated ways to access §:

Font renderingEdit

Default font Arial Calibri Code2000 Courier Fixed Helvetica Palatino
§ § § § § § § §


The likely origin of the section sign is the digraph formed by the combination of two S glyphs (from the Latin signum sectiōnis).[citation needed]

See alsoEdit


External linksEdit