Sebastián Ágreda

Sebastián Ágreda (1795 – 18 December 1875) was Bolivian military officer and statesman who served as the 7th president of Bolivia for 29 days in 1841. In addition to his short term as president, he also held a number of other governmental roles as well as being a prominent figure in the Bolivian military.

Sebastián Ágreda
Sebastián Ágreda. Anonymous author. c. 1900s, Casa de la Libertad, Sucre.png
Portrait by an unknown author, Casa de la Libertad, Sucre
7th President of Bolivia
In office
10 June 1841 – 9 July 1841
Preceded byJosé Miguel de Velasco
Succeeded byMariano Enrique Calvo (acting)
Minister of War
In office
11 May 1863 – 28 December 1864
PresidentJosé María de Achá
Preceded byJuan Sánchez
Succeeded byJuan Sánchez
In office
19 September 1862 – 22 December 1862
PresidentJosé María de Achá
Preceded byCeledonio Ávila
Succeeded byJuan Sánchez
Personal details
Potosí, Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata (now Bolivia)
Died18 December 1875(1875-12-18) (aged 79–80)
La Paz, Bolivia

A native of Potosí, Ágreda had fought in the battles of Junin and Ayacucho under Antonio José de Sucre, for which the Grand Marshal rewarded him as commander of the Military College in Chuquisaca. Later still, he was appointed commander of the Army by Andrés de Santa Cruz, and was considered a national hero for heading the Bolivian forces that routed Argentina at the Battle of Montenegro (1838). A loyal supporter of the Grand Marshal, in June 1841 General Ágreda succeeded in removing Gen. José Miguel de Velasco from power, installing himself as de facto ruler pending the return of Santa Cruz. He only controlled portions of the Army and, moreover, faced the opposition of the venerated members of Congress, with whom he had clashed since they insisted on naming one of their now to the post of Provisional President. After only a month in power, he agreed to leave provided Congress name a pro-Santa Cruz Provisional President until Santa Cruz himself could return to rule. This done, he left the Government Palace, and remained a respected war hero. Indeed, he became an elder statesman of sorts, serving as ambassador abroad and member of the Cabinet under José Ballivián, and Prefect of La Paz and Chuquisaca in his latter years (chiefly in the administrations of Jorge Córdova and José María Achá). He died at the age of 80 in La Paz.