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Scythian Neapolis (Greek: Σκυθική Νεάπολις) was a settlement that existed from the end of the 3rd century BC until the second half of the 3rd century AD. Anciently, it was considered a town of the Tauric Chersonesus (Crimea). The archeological ruins sit on the outskirts of the present-day Simferopol. This city was the center of the Crimean Scythian tribes, led by Skilurus and Palacus (who were probably buried at the local mausoleum). The town ruled over a small kingdom, covering the lands between the lower Dnieper river and Crimea. In the 3rd and 2nd centuries BC, it was a city "with a mixed Scythian-Greek population, strong defensive walls and large public buildings constructed using the orders of Greek architecture".[1] Neapolis was destroyed halfway through the 3rd century AD by the Goths.

Scythian Neapolis
Σκυθική Νεάπολις ‹See Tfd›(in Greek)
Simferopol, Scythian Neapolis, 2016.06.17 (04) (29608182661).jpg
The supposed tomb of Skilurus
Scythian Neapolis is located in Crimea
Scythian Neapolis
Shown within Crimea
Scythian Neapolis is located in Ukraine
Scythian Neapolis
Scythian Neapolis (Ukraine)
Scythian Neapolis is located in Europe
Scythian Neapolis
Scythian Neapolis (Europe)
LocationSimferopol, Crimea
Coordinates44°56′34″N 34°07′14″E / 44.94278°N 34.12056°E / 44.94278; 34.12056Coordinates: 44°56′34″N 34°07′14″E / 44.94278°N 34.12056°E / 44.94278; 34.12056
Founded3rd century BC
Abandoned3rd century AD
CulturesGreek, Scythian
Site notes
WebsiteHistorical and archaeological preserve of Scythian Neapolis


  1. ^ North Pontic Archaeology, ed. by Gocha R. Tsetskhladze. Brill Academic Publishers, 2001. ISBN 90-04-12041-6. Page 167.

  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Neapolis". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.

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