Sclater's crowned pigeon

Sclater's crowned pigeon (Goura sclaterii) is a large, terrestrial pigeon confined to the southern lowland forests of New Guinea. This pigeon was previously considered as conspecific with Scheepmaker's crowned pigeon (Goura scheepmakeri) with the English name "southern crowned pigeon".[3]

Sclater's crowned pigeon
Goura scheepmakeri sclaterii 1 Luc Viatour.jpg
CITES Appendix II (CITES)[2]
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Columbiformes
Family: Columbidae
Genus: Goura
Species:
G. sclaterii
Binomial name
Goura sclaterii
Salvadori, 1876

DescriptionEdit

It has a bluish-grey plumage with elaborate blue lacy crests, red iris and very deep maroon breast. Both sexes have a similar appearance. It is 66–73 cm (26–29 in) in length and weighs 2.00–2.24 kg (4.41–4.94 lb).[4]

TaxonomyEdit

Sclater's crowned pigeon was originally described by the Italian zoologist Tommaso Salvadori in 1876. He introduced the current binomial name Goura sclaterii. The specific epithet sclaterii was chosen to honour the English ornithologist Philip Sclater (1829–1913).[5] A molecular phylogenetic study published in 2018 found that Sclater's crowned pigeon was most closely related to the western crowned pigeon (Goura cristata).[6]

ConservationEdit

Being tame and heavily hunted for its meat and plumes, Sclater's crowned pigeon is evaluated as near threatened on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. It is listed in Appendix II of CITES.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b BirdLife International (2016). "Goura sclaterii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T45014476A95139016. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T45014476A95139016.en. Retrieved 11 November 2021.
  2. ^ "Appendices | CITES". cites.org. Retrieved 2022-01-14.
  3. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2017). "Pigeons". World Bird List Version 8.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  4. ^ del Hoyo, J.; Collar, N.; Kirwan, G.M.; Garcia, E.F.J. (2018). del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A.; de Juana, E. (eds.). "Sclater's Crowned-pigeon (Goura sclaterii)". Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  5. ^ Salvadori, Tommaso (1876). "Catalogo di una seconda collezione di uccelli raccolti dal Sig. L. M. D'Albertis nell'Isola Yule e sulla vicina costa della Nuova Guinea e di una piccola collezione della regione bagnata dal Fiume Fly". Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (in Italian and Latin). 9: 7-49 [45-47].
  6. ^ Bruxaux, J.; Gabrielli, M.; Ashari, H.; Prŷs-Jones, R.; Joseph, L.; Milá, B.; Besnard, G.; Thébaud, C. (2018). "Recovering the evolutionary history of crowned pigeons (Columbidae: Goura): Implications for the biogeography and conservation of New Guinean lowland birds". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 120: 248–258. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2017.11.022.