Schellinkhout (West Frisian: Skellinkhout) is a village located in the municipality of Drechterland, North Holland at the border of the IJsselmeer, about 3 km southeast of Hoorn in West-Frisia. It received city rights in 1402, among other (groupings of) villages in the West Frisian countryside, and thus never developed into a real city.

St Martinus Church
St Martinus Church
Coat of arms of Schellinkhout
Schellinkhout is located in Netherlands
Location in the Netherlands
Schellinkhout is located in North Holland
Location in the province of North Holland in the Netherlands
Coordinates: 52°38′04″N 5°07′14″E / 52.6344°N 5.1206°E / 52.6344; 5.1206
ProvinceNorth Holland
 • Total6.06 km2 (2.34 sq mi)
Elevation−0.9 m (−3.0 ft)
 • Total845
 • Density140/km2 (360/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
Dialing code0229

History Edit

The city was first mentioned around 1312 as Scellinchout, and is a combination of "delicious forest" and "border".[3] Schellinkhout developed in the 12th century as a peat excavation settlement. In 1282, a battle took place between Holland commanded by Floris V, Count of Holland and the army of West Friesland. The former Zuiderzee (nowadays: IJsselmeer) kept taking land and the village moved to the east leaving the church close to the sea.[4] In 1402, it was awarded city rights by Albert I, Count of Holland.[5] This mainly meant that Schellinkhout had its own judicial district. In 1811 the old system was replaced by a new (French-styled) judicial system and Schellinkhout became its own municipality, except for the years 1812 to 1816 when Wijdenes and Oosterleek were merged with Schellinkhout. [6]

The Dutch Reformed church has 14th century elements. The tower was built in the early 16th century.[4] The polder mill De Grote Molen was built between 1603 and 1638. In 1900, a motor was added, and by 1914, the pumping station had made the wind mill obsolete. Between 1979 and 1980, it was restored and is occasionally in service. Unlike most polder mills, it does not pump the water over the dike, but uses a pipe underneath the dike.[7]

Schellinkhout was home to 497 people in 1840.[5] It was a separate municipality until 1970, when it was merged with Venhuizen.[8] In 2006, it became part of the municipality of Drechterland.[5]

The meandering main road (Dorpsweg) counts 33 corners[9]

Notable people Edit

Gallery Edit

References Edit

  1. ^ a b c "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2021". Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 29 April 2022.
  2. ^ "Postcodetool for 1697GK". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 29 April 2022.
  3. ^ "Schellinkhout". Etymologiebank (in Dutch). Retrieved 29 April 2022.
  4. ^ a b Ronald Stenvert & Saskia van Ginkel-Meester (2006). "Schellinkhout" (in Dutch). Zwolle: Waanders. Retrieved 29 April 2022.
  5. ^ a b c "Schellinkhout". Plaatsengids (in Dutch). Retrieved 29 April 2022.
  6. ^ "Schellinkhout before 1812". Westfries archief (in Dutch). Retrieved 8 September 2022.
  7. ^ "De Grote Molen". Molendatabase (in Dutch). Retrieved 29 April 2022.
  8. ^ Ad van der Meer and Onno Boonstra, Repertorium van Nederlandse gemeenten, KNAW, 2011.
  9. ^ "De geschiedenis van het West-Friese dorp Schellinkhout". Retrieved 2016-01-28.