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Saxony-Anhalt state election, 2016

The Saxony-Anhalt state election was held on 13 March 2016 in Saxony-Anhalt for the 7th legislative period of the Landtag of Saxony-Anhalt. The incumbent Minister-President was Reiner Haseloff of the CDU, governing in a grand coalition with the SPD.

Saxony-Anhalt state election, 2016

← 2011 13 March 2016 (2016-03-13) Next →

All 87 seats of the Landtag of Saxony-Anhalt
44 seats needed for a majority

  First party Second party Third party
  Reiner Haseloff (Martin Rulsch) 10.jpg André Poggenburg in Hannover 2015-11 (crop).jpg Wulf Gallert 2012 (portrait).jpg
Leader Reiner Haseloff André Poggenburg Wulf Gallert
Party CDU AfD Left
Last election 42 seats, 32.5% Did not contest 28 seats, 23.7%
Seats before 42 0 28
Seats won 30 24 17
Seat change Decrease 12 Increase 24 Decrease 9
Popular vote 334,123 271,832 183,296
Percentage 29.8 24.2 16.3
Swing Decrease 2.8 Increase 24.2 Decrease 7.3

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Katrin Budde Juso Bundeskongress 2012.jpg Claudia Dalbert 2012 (portrait).jpg Frank Sitta 2015.jpg
Leader Katrin Budde Claudia Dalbert Frank Sitta
Party SPD Green FDP
Last election 26 seats, 21.5% 9 seats, 7.1% 0 seats, 3.8%
Seats before 26 9 0
Seats won 11 5 0
Seat change Decrease 15 Decrease 4 Steady 0
Popular vote 119,377 58,226 54,525
Percentage 10.6 5.2 4.9
Swing Decrease 10.9 Decrease 2.0 Increase 1.0

Minister-President before election

Reiner Haseloff
CDU

Elected Minister-President

Reiner Haseloff
CDU

After the elections, despite AfD became the second largest party, all major parties rejected to have coalition with AfD. As a result, a governing coalition consisting of the CDU, the SPD and the Greens was formed, and Haseloff was re-elected as minister president of Saxony-Anhalt on 25 April 2016.[1] The coalition has been nicknamed the "Kenya coalition" because the participating parties' colors are black, red, and green, the colors of the flag of Kenya.[2]

Contents

PollsEdit

The reference for the polls is wahlrecht.de.[3]

Poll Date CDU Left SPD Green NPD FDP Pirate AfD Other
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen[4] 3/10/2016 32% 21% 14% 5% 4.5% 18% 5.5%
Forsa[4] 3/9/2016 30% 20% 17% 5% 5% 18% 5%
INSA[4] 3/7/2016 29% 20% 15.5% 6% 4% 19% 6.5%
uniQma[4] 3/7/2016 30% 19% 18% 5% 1% 4% 17% 6%
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen[4] 3/4/2016 32% 20% 15% 5% 4% 17% 7%
Infratest dimap[4] 3/3/2016 31% 21% 15% 5.5% 4.5% 19% 4%
INSA[4] 2/28/2016 29.5% 20% 17% 5% 5% 17% 6.5%
INSA[4] 2/22/2016 30% 21% 16% 5% 4% 17% 7%
Infratest dimap[4] 2/17/2016 32% 20% 18% 5% 4% 17% 4%
Forschungsgruppe Wahlen[4] 1/14/2016 33% 19% 19% 5% 3% 15% 6%
INSA[4] 12/5/2015 35% 23% 15.5% 6% 3% 13.5% 4%
Infratest dimap[4] 9/14/2015 34% 26% 21% 7% 3% 5% 4%
GMS[4] 7/1/2015 35% 21% 21% 6% 3% 4% 6% 4%
Infratest dimap[4] 8/20/2013 39% 22% 21% 7% 2% 3% 6%
State election 2011[4] 3/20/2011 32.5% 23.7% 21.5% 7.1% 4.6% 3.8% 1.4% N/A 5.4%

ResultsEdit

 
Leading party in each electoral district. Black represents the Christian Democratic Union, blue the Alternative for Germany, and red The Left.
e • d Summary of the 13 March 2016 Landtag of Saxony-Anhalt elections results
< 2011     Next >
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes % +/– Seats +/–
Christian Democratic Union
Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands – CDU
334,123 29.8  2.7 30  6
Alternative for Germany
Alternative für Deutschland – AfD
271,832 24.2  24.2 24  24
The Left
Die Linke
183,296 16.3  7.4 17  12
Social Democratic Party of Germany
Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands – SPD
119,377 10.6  10.9 11  15
Alliance '90/The Greens
Bündnis 90/Die Grünen
58,226 5.2  1.9 5  4
Free Democratic Party
Freie Demokratische Partei – FDP
54,525 4.9  1.1
Free Voters Saxony-Anhalt
Freie Wähler
24,287 2.2  0.7
National Democratic Party of Germany
Nationaldemokratische Partei Deutschlands – NPD
21,211 1.9  2.7
Animal Protection Party
Tierschutzpartei
16,613 1.5  0.1
Alliance for Human Rights, Animal and Nature Protection (de)
Tierschutzallianz
11,629 1.0  1.0
Alliance for Progress and Renewal
Allianz für Fortschritt und Aufbruch – ALFA
10,471 0.9  0.9
Other parties 1.5  2.3
Valid votes 1,122,814 97.8%  0.2
Invalid votes 24,671 2.2%  0.2
Totals and voter turnout 1,147,485 87  18
Electorate 1,878,095 100.00
Source: Landeswahlleiterin[5]

Post-electionEdit

Minister President Rainer Haseloff with his CDU took approximately 29 percent of the votes[6] and thereby remained the largest party in the state parliament,[7] but faced a strong AfD right wing opposition. Haseloff stated after the elections that "the actual rise, which came for the AfD in the polls has a city name: It's Cologne" referring to the New Year's Eve sexual assaults in Germany.[8] He explained that the rise of the votes for his party in the state came because "we at least did nothing wrong as a Christian Democratic Union here in Saxony-Anhalt."[8]

According to observers, the only realistic possibility for a coalition government with a majority was one consisting of the CDU, SPD and the Greens.[9] Together, they had a two-seat majority. Other combinations (such as the CDU and Die Linke) were considered unlikely, or politically unpalatable (CDU and AfD). For a broad based majority, the coalition would have needed to bring in Die Linke into the government, which was unpalatable as well.

Other possible options – and having precedent in some of the eastern states of Germany – would have been a minority government of one or other of the parties that would be 'tolerated' by a third party or fourth party. In such a situation, a minority government of the CDU and SPD could have been 'tolerated' by the Greens and/or Die Linke, even if they themselves formed no part of government. Similarly, a CDU and Green coalition could have been tolerated by the SPD and/or Die Linke, or a SPD-Linke-Green coalition could be tolerated by the CDU, although the latter wouldn't be realistic as well.[10]

Haseloff was able to keep power in Saxony-Anhalt, as he managed to form a CDU, SPD and the Green Party coalition (also called "Kenya coalition" after the colours of the Kenyan flag), the first of the German states. On 25 April 2016 he was re-elected in parliament as minister president of the state during a second ballot, where he managed to gain one vote more than the coalition majority.[1]

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit